Kievlyanin (Russian: Кіевлянинъ) was a conservative Russian newspaper, published in Kyiv in 1864–1919.[1][2]

Kievlyanin
TypeWeekly newspaper
EditorVitaly Shulgin, Dmitry Pikhno, Vasily Shulgin
Founded1864
Political alignmentconservative, nationalist
LanguageRussian
Ceased publication1919
HeadquartersKyiv, Russian Empire
Circulation70 thousand (1919)

The newspaper was labeling Ukrainians as "Mazepinists" (precursor of Banderites).[3] Ukrainian poet and statesman Pavlo Tychyna considered the publishing as "chauvinistic".[4]

HistoryEdit

Kievlyanin was launched by the Russian Empire's Southwestern Krai administration, admittedly with a view to promoting the russification of the region. This newspaper's credo: "This is the Russian, Russian, Russian land!" was stated in its very first issue by the paper's original editor, the Kyiv University professor Vitaly Shulgin.

After Shulgin's death Dmitry Pikhno took over in 1879. The newspaper (which prior to that was coming out three times a week) became a daily; now it appealed to the liberals as well as the Russian nationalists and featured a fine literary section. Alexander Kuprin chose Kievlyanin for serializing his 1898 Olesya novelet in it. The respectable theatre critic Izmail Alexandrovsky published there regularly, under the pen name Iz. Alsky.[2]

During and after the 1905 Revolution Kievlyanin's position shifted to the right; Vitaly Shulgin's stepson Vasily became one of the key contributors and most of its leaders were now members of the Kiev Club of Russian Nationalists, the All-Russian National Union or the Union of the Russian People.

In September 1913 Vasily Shulgin became Kievlyanin's editor-in-chief, and the newspaper started to drift towards the so-called 'progressive nationalists' group led by Anatoly Savenko. It severed ties with the Russian ultra-nationalists who were now accusing the publication of being 'pro-Jewish' and anti-Monarchist. Indeed, unlike all the pro-Monarchist publications, Kievlyanin managed to survive the February Revolution and was closed only in February 1918, as the Ukrainian separatists took over the Central Rada. Shulgin made an attempt to move the publication to the Don region, but the White Army general Mikhail Alekseyev refused to support it.[5]

The Central Powers intervention prompted Shulgin to stop the publication in protest, even if the German occupational authorities asked him to continue. He revived it in the autumn of 1919 after the Volunteer Army stepped into Kyiv. "Yes, [now] this Krai is Russian. And we won't give it back neither to the Ukrainian traitors, nor to the Jewish hangmen who drowned the city streets with blood," Shulgin wrote on September 3.[1] In the same issue he warned against pogroms ("These villains should be put to justice and this trial will be severe, but the mob law is unacceptable") but as the nightly, so-called 'quiet pogroms' started, Shulgin in his infamous "Torture by Fear" article (October, 8) confessed he could 'understand the feelings' of those responsible for pogroms since 'the Jews had formed the basis for the Bolshevik power'.[1]

Kievlyanin folded in December 1919, as the Red Army stepped into Kyiv. In 1925 Shulgin made an attempt to revive it in emigration, but failed to find a publisher.[5][2]

External linksEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b c Kalchenko, T. (2008). "Киевлянин". The Great Historical Encyclopedia, 1900-1917. The Black Hundred. Retrieved 16 May 2015.
  2. ^ a b c "Kievlaynin. Russian Periodicals Dictionary, 1702-1895". The State Political Literature Publishers / Государственное издательство политической литературы. Москва. 1959. Retrieved 16 May 2015.
  3. ^ Volodymyr Lyubchenko. Kievlyanin (КИЕВЛЯНИН). Encyclopedia of History of Ukraine. 2007
  4. ^ Yaryna Tsymbal. (ПАВЛО ТИЧИНА В 1917-МУ. ЕКОНОМІСТ, СЕПАРАТИСТ І ТИЧИНІН). DSnews.ua. 20 March 2017
  5. ^ a b Шульгин, Василий Витальевич at the Krugosvet Online Encyclopedia