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The KiHa 283 series (キハ283系) is a tilting diesel multiple unit (DMU) train type operated by Hokkaido Railway Company (JR Hokkaido) on limited express services in Hokkaido, Japan, since 1997.[2] They were based on the KiHa 281 series trains introduced in 1994.[3]

KiHa 283 series
DC283 hokuto 001.jpg
KiHa 283 series on a Super Hokuto service, June 2001
In service1997–Present
ManufacturerFuji Heavy Industries
Constructed1995–2001
Number built63 vehicles
Number in service54 vehicles
Number scrapped9 vehicles[1]
Formation5-9 cars per trainset
Operator(s)JR Hokkaido
Depot(s)Sapporo
Line(s) servedHakodate Main Line, Nemuro Main Line, Sekishō Line
Specifications
Car body constructionStainless steel
Car length21,300 mm (69 ft 11 in)
Width2,840 mm (9 ft 4 in)
Height4,050 mm (13 ft 3 in)
Doors1 per side
Maximum speed130 km/h (80 mph) (- october 2013)
110 km/h (70 mph) (november 2013 -)
Prime mover(s)N-DMF11HZA (355 hp) x2 per car
TransmissionHydraulic
Track gauge1,067 mm (3 ft 6 in)

OperationsEdit

KiHa 283 series trainsets are used on the following services.[3]

HistoryEdit

A three-car pre-production set was delivered from Fuji Heavy Industries in 1995 for evaluation and testing.[2]

20 production vehicles were delivered from 1996,[2] with the first trains introduced on Super Ōzora services between Sapporo and Kushiro from the start of the revised timetable on 22 March 1997.[3]

A further batch of 12 vehicles was delivered to coincide with the introduction of KiHa 283s on Super Hokuto services between Hakodate and Sapporo, operating alongside the KiHa 281 series sets.[2]

KiHa 283 series sets were also introduced on some Super Tokachi services between Sapporo and Obihiro from 11 March 2000.[3]

2011 Sekishō Line derailment and fireEdit

On 27 May 2011, a 6-car KiHa 283 series train was destroyed by fire after it derailed and made an emergency stop inside the 685 metre-long No. 1 Niniu Tunnel on the Sekishō Line in Shimukappu, at around 21:55, while forming the Super Ōzora 14 service from Kushiro to Sapporo.[4][5] The train was formed as follows, with car 1 at the Kushiro end. All cars were gutted by fire,[5] and were officially withdrawn on 30 June 2011.[6]

Car No. 1 2 3 4 5 6
Number KiHa 283-1 KiHa 282-3001 KiRo 282-7 KiHa 282-1 KiHa 282-101 KiHa 283-9

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Japan Railfan Magazine July 2015.
  2. ^ a b c d JR全車輌ハンドブック2009 [JR Rolling Stock Handbook 2009]. Japan: Neko Publishing. 2009. pp. 452–453. ISBN 978-4-7770-0836-0.
  3. ^ a b c d Haraguchi, Takayuki (2009). Encyclopedia of JR's Railway Cars: JR全車輌. Japan: Sekai Bunka. p. 111. ISBN 978-4-418-09905-4.
  4. ^ 石勝線清風山信号場構内で発生した列車脱線事故について [Details of Sekisho Line Derailment] (PDF). Press release (in Japanese). Japan: Hokkaido Railway Company. 28 May 2011. Retrieved 14 January 2012.
  5. ^ a b 事業改善命令・改善指示に対する報告について [Report on Corporate Improvement Directions] (PDF). Press release (in Japanese). Japan: Hokkaido Railway Company. 16 September 2011. Retrieved 14 January 2012.
  6. ^ JR電車編成表 2012冬 [JR EMU Formations - Winter 2012]. Japan: JRR. October 2011. p. 359. ISBN 978-4-330-25611-5.

External linksEdit