KiHa 283 series

The KiHa 283 series (キハ283系) is a tilting diesel multiple unit (DMU) train type operated by Hokkaido Railway Company (JR Hokkaido) on limited express services in Hokkaido, Japan, since 1997.[2] They were based on the KiHa 281 series trains introduced in 1994.[3]

KiHa 283 series
DC283 hokuto 001.jpg
KiHa 283 series on a Super Hokuto service, June 2001
In service1997–present
ManufacturerFuji Heavy Industries
Number built63 vehicles
Number in service54 vehicles
Number scrapped6 vehicles (fire damage);
3 vehicles (Pre-series set)[1]
Formation5-9 cars per trainset
Operator(s)JR Hokkaido
Line(s) servedHakodate Main Line, Nemuro Main Line, Sekishō Line
Car body constructionStainless steel
Car length21,300 mm (69 ft 11 in)
Width2,840 mm (9 ft 4 in)
Height4,050 mm (13 ft 3 in)
Doors1 per side
Maximum speed130 km/h (81 mph) (- October 2013)
110 km/h (68 mph) (November 2013 -)
Prime mover(s)N-DMF11HZA (355 hp) x2 per car
Track gauge1,067 mm (3 ft 6 in)


KiHa 283 series trainsets are used on the following services.[3]


A three-car pre-production set was delivered from Fuji Heavy Industries in 1995 for evaluation and testing.[2]

20 production vehicles were delivered from 1996,[2] with the first trains introduced on Super Ōzora services between Sapporo and Kushiro from the start of the revised timetable on 22 March 1997.[3]

A further batch of 12 vehicles was delivered to coincide with the introduction of KiHa 283s on Super Hokuto services between Hakodate and Sapporo, operating alongside the KiHa 281 series sets.[2]

KiHa 283 series sets were also introduced on some Super Tokachi services between Sapporo and Obihiro from 11 March 2000.[3]

2011 Sekishō Line derailment and fireEdit

On 27 May 2011, a 6-car KiHa 283 series train was destroyed by fire after it derailed and made an emergency stop inside the 685-metre-long No. 1 Niniu Tunnel on the Sekishō Line in Shimukappu, at around 21:55, while forming the Super Ōzora 14 service from Kushiro to Sapporo.[4][5] The train was formed as follows, with car 1 at the Kushiro end. All cars were gutted by fire,[5] and were officially withdrawn on 30 June 2011.[6]

Car No. 1 2 3 4 5 6
Number KiHa 283-1 KiHa 282-3001 KiRo 282-7 KiHa 282-1 KiHa 282-101 KiHa 283-9


  1. ^ Japan Railfan Magazine July 2015.
  2. ^ a b c d JR全車輌ハンドブック2009 [JR Rolling Stock Handbook 2009]. Japan: Neko Publishing. 2009. pp. 452–453. ISBN 978-4-7770-0836-0.
  3. ^ a b c d Haraguchi, Takayuki (2009). Encyclopedia of JR's Railway Cars: JR全車輌. Japan: Sekai Bunka. p. 111. ISBN 978-4-418-09905-4.
  4. ^ 石勝線清風山信号場構内で発生した列車脱線事故について [Details of Sekisho Line Derailment] (PDF). Press release (in Japanese). Japan: Hokkaido Railway Company. 28 May 2011. Retrieved 14 January 2012. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  5. ^ a b 事業改善命令・改善指示に対する報告について [Report on Corporate Improvement Directions] (PDF). Press release (in Japanese). Japan: Hokkaido Railway Company. 16 September 2011. Retrieved 14 January 2012. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  6. ^ JR電車編成表 2012冬 [JR EMU Formations - Winter 2012]. Japan: JRR. October 2011. p. 359. ISBN 978-4-330-25611-5.

External linksEdit