Kiş, Shaki

Kiş (also, Kish and Kish-Kishlak) is a village and municipality in the Shaki Rayon of Azerbaijan. It is located approximately 5 km north of Shaki. It has a population of 6,244.

Kiş
Municipality
Kishchurchsideview.JPG
Kiş is located in Azerbaijan
Kiş
Kiş
Coordinates: 41°15′34″N 47°11′17″E / 41.25944°N 47.18806°E / 41.25944; 47.18806Coordinates: 41°15′34″N 47°11′17″E / 41.25944°N 47.18806°E / 41.25944; 47.18806
Country Azerbaijan
RayonShaki
Population
 • Total6,244
Time zoneUTC+4 (AZT)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+5 (AZT)

AboutEdit

The village is situated on the shore of the Kish river. The main part of the village surrounded by the mountains is located at the foot of Mount Tat.[1] Kish has more than 6500 people according to the results of population census conducted in 2009.[2]

 
Kish village surrounded by mountains

HistoryEdit

According to Movses Kaghankatvatsi, in the 1st century A.D. St. Elishe, a disciple of Thaddeus of Edessa, arrived to a place called Gis, where he built a church and recited a liturgy. The church became the "spiritual center and the place of enlightenment of people of the East". On his way from Gis St. Elishe was killed near the pagan altar in small Zerguni valley by unknown people.[3]

According to the Baku eparchy of the Russian Orthodox Church, the location of Gis mentioned by Movses Kaghankatvatsi is identified with the present-day Kish, located on the left bank of river Kura, in Shaki district of Azerbaijan.[4] The Church of Kish was the first church built in Caucasian Albania and in the Caucasus.[5][6] However, according to Armenian commentator Karapetian, the geographical position of Kish does not seem to match that described by Kaghankatvatsi. Karapetian believes that they have identified Gis as the village of Bomen / Bum 60 km to the south-east of Kish, in Gabala district, Uti (Utik) province.[7]

According to Georgian historiography, in the 10th century, the population of Kish converted to the Georgian Orthodox Church. Known at the time as part of Sourb Asvatzatzin Church, Kish turned into a residence of Georgian bishop, functioning till 17th century.[8] The population of Kish converted to Islam in 1720s; however, when Russia later took possession of the region, some villagers returned to Christian faith. In 1836, the Albanian church, along with all active churches in this region that were not Georgian or Russian, was incorporated into the Armenian Apostolic Church, and the Church of Kish was refounded in 1860s and became a place of pilgrimage due to the belief that it was associated with St. Elishe (Yegishe).[8]

FortressEdit

There are 4 fortresses in Kish: "Galarsan-Gorarsan" and fortresses of "Duluzlar", "Salayuşağı" and "Maaflar" neighbourhoods of Kish,[9]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Guliyev, Jamil, ed. (1981). Azerbaijani Soviet Encyclopedia. 5. p. 414.
  2. ^ "Regions of Azerbaijan - Shaki - Zagatala economic region - Shaki city". State Statistical Committee of Azerbaijan. Archived from the original on 2018-06-15. Retrieved 2018-07-25.
  3. ^ "Movses Kaghankatvatsi. History of Albania. Book 1, Chapter VI". Archived from the original on 2019-09-25. Retrieved 2008-10-20.
  4. ^ "Official website of Baku eparchy of Russian Orthodox Church. Architectural heritage of Caucasian Albania". Archived from the original on 2011-07-21. Retrieved 2008-10-20.
  5. ^ "Interview with Russian Orthodox Baku and Caspian Bishop Alexander". Archived from the original on 2008-06-12. Retrieved 2008-10-20.
  6. ^ "Movses Kaghankatvatsi, open citation, Book 2, Chapter XLVIII". Archived from the original on 2010-12-05. Retrieved 2008-10-20.
  7. ^ "KISH_eng". Archived from the original on 2009-02-07. Retrieved 2008-10-20.
  8. ^ a b "Samvel Karapetian, "Research on Armenian Architecture", Online Version". Archived from the original on 2009-10-12. Retrieved 2008-10-20.
  9. ^ Abdullayeva S (18 March 2015). "Shaki's role in the cultural and statehood history of Azerbaijan". 525: 6. Archived from the original on 25 July 2018. Retrieved 25 July 2018.

External linksEdit