Khatanga, Russia

Khatanga (Russian: Хатанга) is a rural locality (a selo) in Taymyrsky Dolgano-Nenetsky District of Krasnoyarsk Krai, Russia, located on the Khatanga River on the Taymyr Peninsula. It is one of the northernmost inhabited localities in Russia. Its elevation is 30 metres (98 ft) above sea level. As of the 2002 Census, its population was 3,450.[3]

Khatanga
Хатанга
Khatanga Post Office
Khatanga Post Office
Location of Khatanga
Khatanga is located in Russia
Khatanga
Khatanga
Location of Khatanga
Khatanga is located in Krasnoyarsk Krai
Khatanga
Khatanga
Khatanga (Krasnoyarsk Krai)
Coordinates: 71°58′47″N 102°28′22″E / 71.97972°N 102.47278°E / 71.97972; 102.47278Coordinates: 71°58′47″N 102°28′22″E / 71.97972°N 102.47278°E / 71.97972; 102.47278
CountryRussia
Federal subjectKrasnoyarsk Krai
Administrative districtTaymyrsky Dolgano-Nenetsky District
 • Municipal districtTaymyrsky Dolgano-Nenetsky Municipal District
 • Rural settlementKhatanga Rural Settlement
 • Capital ofKhatanga Rural Settlement
Time zoneUTC+7 (MSK+4 Edit this on Wikidata[1])
Postal code(s)[2]
647460, 647462
OKTMO ID04653419101

The name Khatanga means "large water" in the local Evenki language. The locality is known to have existed since the 17th century. It is served by the Khatanga Airport.

Khatanga is relatively close to the Popigai crater, an asteroid crater and geological formation located in northern Siberia. The crater has been noted since September 2012 as a potential source of a significant new global supply of industrial diamonds.

EconomyEdit

TourismEdit

Khatanga is sometimes visited by Western sightseers touring the surrounding natural wilderness in Siberia. It has a hotel, a natural history museum, and weather reporting stations.

In 2019, mayor Yevgeny Vershinin announced plans to develop the locality to act as a hub for travelers on their way to the North Pole, hoping to compete with Longyearbyen, a Norwegian town on the island of Svalbard, for Arctic tourists. The locality has been used as a pit stop for northern expeditions in the past, with helicopters coming from Krasnoyarsk occasionally stopping there on their way to the North Pole.[4]

The Khatanga airport is one of the largest and most operable in the Russian Arctic, with the main runway receiving renovations in 2009. However, the rest of the airport, especially the terminal, is in extremely poor condition.[4]

PortEdit

The locality is home to the ZAO Sea Commercial Port of Khatanga which accepts various Arctic cargo shipments. While the port only operates from June until September, it has five mooring berths capable of admitting vessels with draughts up to 4.6 metres (5.0 yd). Two of the berths service the port fleet, two receive general cargo, and one is reserved for oil products. Goods such as refrigerated cargo, timber, and bulk shipments of coal, sand, gravel, and oil are processed at the port.[5]

ClimateEdit

Khatanga has a subarctic climate (Köppen climate classification Dfc) with short, mild summers and bitterly cold winters. Precipitation is quite low, but is somewhat heavier in summer, when it falls mostly as rain, than in the rest of the year, when it falls mostly as snow.

Climate data for Khatanga
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) −2.4
(27.7)
−0.2
(31.6)
3.8
(38.8)
8.8
(47.8)
25.4
(77.7)
32.9
(91.2)
36.7
(98.1)
29.9
(85.8)
24.2
(75.6)
11.9
(53.4)
2.3
(36.1)
−0.2
(31.6)
36.7
(98.1)
Average high °C (°F) −28
(−18)
−29
(−20)
−21.1
(−6.0)
−10.3
(13.5)
−1.3
(29.7)
11.9
(53.4)
16.2
(61.2)
13.5
(56.3)
5.4
(41.7)
−8.3
(17.1)
−20.9
(−5.6)
−26.5
(−15.7)
−8.2
(17.3)
Daily mean °C (°F) −30.3
(−22.5)
−31.5
(−24.7)
−24.9
(−12.8)
−14.6
(5.7)
−4.4
(24.1)
8.7
(47.7)
12.8
(55.0)
10.1
(50.2)
2.9
(37.2)
−10.5
(13.1)
−23.1
(−9.6)
−28.7
(−19.7)
−11.1
(12.0)
Average low °C (°F) −32.4
(−26.3)
−34
(−29)
−28.5
(−19.3)
−19.1
(−2.4)
−7.7
(18.1)
5.2
(41.4)
9.2
(48.6)
6.7
(44.1)
0.6
(33.1)
−12.7
(9.1)
−25.1
(−13.2)
−31
(−24)
−14.1
(6.7)
Record low °C (°F) −59
(−74)
−55.9
(−68.6)
−52.4
(−62.3)
−42.9
(−45.2)
−30.9
(−23.6)
−14.3
(6.3)
−0.7
(30.7)
−3.2
(26.2)
−18.6
(−1.5)
−39.9
(−39.8)
−51
(−60)
−58.7
(−73.7)
−59.0
(−74.2)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 14
(0.6)
11
(0.4)
14
(0.6)
14
(0.6)
17
(0.7)
29
(1.1)
41
(1.6)
43
(1.7)
31
(1.2)
29
(1.1)
21
(0.8)
19
(0.7)
283
(11.1)
Average rainy days 0.03 0 0.03 1 5 15 17 19 16 3 0.1 0.1 76
Average snowy days 21 22 20 20 20 9 1 1 14 26 24 22 200
Average relative humidity (%) 77 78 78 78 79 73 70 78 83 84 81 77 78
Mean monthly sunshine hours 0 23 151 267 264 262 308 195 88 43 3 0 1,604
Source 1: weatheronline.co.uk[6]
Source 2: NOAA (sun only, 1961-1990)[7]

ReferencesEdit

 
Khatanga Orthodox Church
  1. ^ "Об исчислении времени". Официальный интернет-портал правовой информации (in Russian). June 3, 2011. Retrieved January 19, 2019.
  2. ^ Почта России. Информационно-вычислительный центр ОАСУ РПО. (Russian Post). Поиск объектов почтовой связи (Postal Objects Search) (in Russian)
  3. ^ Russian Federal State Statistics Service (May 21, 2004). Численность населения России, субъектов Российской Федерации в составе федеральных округов, районов, городских поселений, сельских населённых пунктов – районных центров и сельских населённых пунктов с населением 3 тысячи и более человек [Population of Russia, Its Federal Districts, Federal Subjects, Districts, Urban Localities, Rural Localities—Administrative Centers, and Rural Localities with Population of Over 3,000] (XLS). Всероссийская перепись населения 2002 года [All-Russia Population Census of 2002] (in Russian).
  4. ^ a b Staalesen, Atle (July 23, 2019). "Russian Arctic town explores new way to North Pole". The Barents Observer. Retrieved February 15, 2022.
  5. ^ "Russian Arctic Ports: Khatanga". ARCTIS. Retrieved February 15, 2022.
  6. ^ "weatheronline.co.uk". Retrieved June 18, 2021.
  7. ^ "Hatanga Climate Normals 1961-1990". National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Retrieved February 27, 2016.