Khalid bin Sultan Al Qasimi

Sheikh Khalid bin Sultan Al Qasimi was Ruler of Sharjah from 1866–1868 and Ras Al Khaimah from 1866-1867. His short rule was most notable for the means of his accession, which involved the murder of his nephew, and also his death, at the hands of Abu Dhabi Sheikh Zayed bin Khalifa Al Nahyan in single combat.

Khalid bin Sultan Al Qasimi
Sheikh
Ruler of Sharjah
Reign1866–1868
PredecessorSultan bin Saqr Al Qasimi
SuccessorSalim bin Sultan Al Qasimi
Died1868
HouseAl Qasimi

AccessionEdit

On the death of Abdulla bin Sultan Al Qasimi during the fighting for Hamriyah in 1855, the administration of Sharjah (under the head of the Al Qasimi tribe and federation, Sultan bin Saqr Al Qasimi) fell to a wali, Mohammed bin Saqr Al Qasimi, a grandson of Sultan bin Saqr's.

Khalid bin Sultan proceeded to intrigue against Mohammed bin Saqr, who was his nephew. At this time, Sultan bin Saqr was in his dotage and had lost both the use of his hearing and memory and took little or no part in proceedings. By 1859, Khalid had collected strong support from the families of the town and the area became effectively divided between two groups, one supporting Mohammed and one behind Khalid.

Khalid and Mohammed rode out together into the desert in late 1860 and Khalid shot Mohammed, dumping his body in a well. Seeking British recognition for his accession, he was rebuffed with the Resident refusing to converse 'with one so recently and fearfully polluted.'[1]

Ruler of Sharjah and Ras Al KhaimahEdit

Sultan bin Saqr Al Qasimi died in 1866 at the age of 85 and Khalid proclaimed himself the independent Sheikh of Sharjah, while Ibrahim bin Sultan Al Qasimi declared himself Sheikh of Ras Al Khaimah. However, in May 1867, Khalid led a successful attack on Ras Al Khaimah, expelled Ibrahim and declared himself Ruler. The town of Ras Al Khaimah and its dependencies were then re-incorporated into Sharjah.[2]

A number of clashes took place between the forces loyal to Sharjah under Khalid and those of Abu Dhabi under Zayed bin Khalifa Al Nahyan. In April 1868, during one such armed conflict with Abu Dhabi, Sheikh Zayed advanced ahead of his troops and challenged Khalid bin Sultan to single combat. Zayed wounded Khalid mortally and he died that month.[3] He was succeeded by Salim bin Sultan Al Qasimi.

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Lorimer, John (1915). Gazetteer of the Persian Gulf. British Government, Bombay. p. 758.
  2. ^ Heard-Bey, Frauke (2005). From Trucial States to United Arab Emirates : a society in transition. London: Motivate. p. 83. ISBN 1860631673. OCLC 64689681.
  3. ^ Lorimer, John (1915). Gazetteer of the Persian Gulf. British Government, Bombay. pp. 731–732.