Keta is a coastal town in the Volta Region of Ghana. It is the capital of the Keta Municipal District.[2]

Keta
Ketta, Quittah
Town & Municipality Capital
Fort Prinsensten on the beach of Keta in 1985
Fort Prinsensten on the beach of Keta in 1985
Keta is located in Ghana
Keta
Keta
Location of Keta in Volta
Coordinates: 5°55′N 0°59′E / 5.917°N 0.983°E / 5.917; 0.983
Country Ghana
Region Volta Region
DistrictKeta Municipal District
Population
 (2013)
 • Total23,207[1]
 • Density1,829/sq mi (706/km2)
 Ranked 61st in Ghana
Time zoneGMT
 • Summer (DST)GMT
Area code(s)+233 (3626)

Keta is the sixty-first most populous settlement in Ghana in terms of population, with a population of 23,207.[1] Parts of the town were devastated by sea erosion between the 1960s and 1980s. Keta is mentioned in Maya Angelou's All God's Children Need Traveling Shoes.

HistoryEdit

 
Village on the Keta Lagoon, near Keta, 1890s

Keta was settled by the Anlo Ewe, a sub-group of the Ewe people who, in the 17th century, migrated to the area from Ketu, in Benin via Adja Tado and Notsie in Togo.[3]

Keta was an important trading post between the 14th and the late 20th centuries. The town attracted the interest of the Danish, because they felt they could establish a base here without interference from rival European nations. Their first initiative was to place a factory at Keta to sell alcohol.[4]

In 1792, a war between Anloga and Keta broke out. The original people then migrated across the lagoon to Klikor to establish the Somey State with Agbozume as its capital. Keta was then repopulated with people from other areas of the surrounding communities.

Faced with the threat of war between Peki and an alliance of the Ashanti and the Akwamu, the North German Missionary Society (also known as the Bremen Missionaries) moved the focus of their activities from Peki to Keta. Their missionaries, Dauble and Plessing, landed at nearby Dzelukofe on September 2, 1853.[5]

Historically Keta was also known as Quittah or Agudzeawo (Easterners in old Ewe) and was assigned B27 as a postal mark.[6]

From 1874 Hausa Constabulary were based at Keta, and soon there grew to be a community of Hausa traders in the town.[4]

The author, and then colonial Civil Servant, Dr. R. Austin Freeman served as a medical officer (Assistant Surgeon) here in 1887 during which an epidemic of black water fever killed forty per cent of the European population.[7]

EcologyEdit

In 1784, Fort Prinzenstein, like most slave trade forts, was built by the sea's edge. However the sea had retreated by about 600 ft by 1907. Since then Keta has been subject to sustained erosion. The Bremen Factory and Coconut plantation, which were close to the high water mark in 1907, had been swept away by the sea by 1924. The erosion has now advanced as far as Queen Street and started to wear away the Fort.[4]

Close to Keta is the famous town of Woe, known for the notable lighthouse called Cape St. Paul Lighthouse[8] on the beach that is believed to guide ships away from a mythical massive underwater mountain. This lighthouse is also thought to be the oldest in Ghana.[9]

Keta LagoonEdit

Keta Lagoon is the largest lagoon in Ghana with a water area of 300 km2. This is located in a larger wetlands protected area of 1200 km2. It is a stopping point for a large number of migratory birds and provides a breeding ground for sea turtles.[10] The Keta Lagoon is known for its immense quantity of salt.[11]

FestivalEdit

Keta Sometutuza Festival[12]hogbetsotso za

Etymology

Keta: (Ewe language ). Head/top of the sand. These words were uttered by Torgbui Wenya,the founder of Anlo State when he sighted the sand dunes at the sea shore. Wenya had separated from his kinsmen in nearby Wheta to establish his own settlement at Anloga. Historically, the people of Keta were also known as Agudzeawo - meaning Easterners because they are east of Anloga.

OilEdit

Oil has been found at the Keta Basin. However, experts are against the exploitation because it will be on land which lead to the destruction of land and lives, as well as some sources of livelihood.[13]

EducationEdit

The city can boast of notably finest schools in the Volta Region.

  • Keta Senior High Technical School
  • Keta Business College

AttractionsEdit

Keta community has a few tourist attractions which one can enjoy whiles in the town.

  • Aborigines Beach Resort
  • Keta Lagoon Rest Stop
  • Keta Lagoon Resort
  • Fort Prinzenstein
  • Gobah Beach
  • Emancipation Beach Resort[14]

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b "World Gazetteer online". World-gazetteer.com. Archived from the original on 2012-01-11.
  2. ^ Touring Ghana - Volta Region Archived 2012-04-14 at the Wayback Machine. touringghana.com.
  3. ^ Amenumey, D. E. K. (1968) "The Extension of British Rule to Anlo (South-East Ghana)" The Journal of African History 9(1): pp. 997–117; JSTOR copy
  4. ^ a b c Akyeampong, Emmanuel Kwaku (2001). Between the Sea and the Lagoon. Oxford: James Currey. p. 46. ISBN 0-85255-776-0.
  5. ^ Agbeti, J Kofi (1986). West African Church History: Christian Missions and Church Foundations 1482-1919. Leiden: Brill Archive.
  6. ^ "British Commonwealth Postmarks". Philatelic Bibliopole. Retrieved 2 April 2014.
  7. ^ Freeman, Richard Austin (1898). "XVII A Chapter on Malaria". Travels and Life in Ashanti and Jaman. New York: F. A. Stokes. p. 502. hdl:2027/uva.x004101128. Retrieved 2020-07-05 – via The Hathi Trust (access may be limited outside the United States).
  8. ^ "about this municipality". ghanadistricts.gov.gh. Retrieved 19 January 2014.
  9. ^ Briggs, Philip (2010). Ghana. Bradt Travel Guides. p. 234. ISBN 9781841623252. woe keta.
  10. ^ "Keta Lagoon Complex Ramsar Site". Retrieved 5 April 2014.
  11. ^ Webby. "Keta Lagoon". Ghana Nation. Ghana Nation. Retrieved 19 April 2018.[permanent dead link]
  12. ^ "Archived copy". Ghana Expeditions. Archived from the original on 20 April 2018. Retrieved 19 April 2018.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  13. ^ "Oil & Gas Expert Warns Against Exploration in Keta Basin". Retrieved 19 April 2018.
  14. ^ "'We need help' - Residents of Keta and Agavedzi displaced by tidal waves - MyJoyOnline.com". www.myjoyonline.com. 2022-04-04. Retrieved 2022-05-24.

(14) Felix Kuadugah- contributor. History of Agbozume and Keta.