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Keita is a town and commune in Niger. It is the capital of the Keita Department, within the Tahoua Region, and has a population of 10,631 as of 2012.[1]

Keita
Keita is located in Niger
Keita
Keita
Location in Niger
Coordinates: 14°45′N 5°46′E / 14.750°N 5.767°E / 14.750; 5.767
Country Niger
RegionTahoua Region
DepartmentKeita Department
CommuneKeita Commune
Elevation
395 m (1,296 ft)
Population
 (2012)[1]
 • Total10,631

Contents

GeographyEdit

Keita is located 600 kilometres (370 mi) north-east of the national capital, Niamey.[2] The town is in the semi-arid Sahel, and is threatened by famine.[3] Keita is divided into the districts of Idewaran, Lissawan and Moulela.[4]

HistoryEdit

Keita became the chef-lieu of the eponymous canton in 1913.[5] In 1917, Tuareg insurgents based in Italian-occupied Libya attacked and plundered the city, killing several people including canton chief Afadandan Ichawa. The attack led to a successful counter-offensive of the French.[6] In the late 1940s and early 1950s, Keita developed a rising number of inhabitants and transformed from a village to a small town.[7] Keita became the prefecture seat in 1964.[5]

By the early 1980s, clear signs of desertification had begun. As a result, a development plan was signed in December 1983 that stressed sustainable long-term development of resources. The "Keita Project" was a 16-year plan that led to digging wells and the drilling of boreholes for irrigation of crops and for drinking water. Trees were planted to prevent soil erosion and promote agriculture. From 1984 to 1990, nearly 3,000 hectares (7,400 acres) of land was "reclaimed" and 100 kilometres (62 mi) of rural roads were built, requiring heavy labor from the inhabitants of the town.[8]

DemographicsEdit

In the 1977 census, the population of Keita was measured to be 3,572. By 1988, its population had increased to 6,644. In the 2001 census, the population of Keita was 8,633. It increased to 10,631 as of 2012.[1] The town is a center of Tuareg people, who have migrated from surrounding areas.[9] According to a study in 1988, 10.9 percent of the population is permanent migrants, with 8.5 percent being seasonal migrants.[10]

Economy and infrastructureEdit

Agriculture is the main occupation in Keita, and a nearby pond (currently dry) facilitated the growth of garden crops and millet. Although Tamaske is a bigger center of commerce in the region, Keita has some artisanal production. Ironworking is practiced, as was mining until the end of the colonial period.[7]

There is a bus station in the town.[11] Keita has a limited amount of electricity.[12] A community radio station with a transmitter of 150 W was established in Keita in 1998.[13] Keita is te site of a civil court.[14] One of the biggest infrastructural problems in the city is the extremely poor medical care. In addition, 46% of the population has no access to clean drinking water.[15]

Notable peopleEdit

Former foreign minister of Niger Aïchatou Boulama Kané was born in Keita in 1955.[16]

Twin townsEdit

Pesaro, Italy is twinned with Keita, in the initiative of the Italian development firm that operates in Keita.[17]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b c "Niger". City Population. Retrieved 19 October 2016.
  2. ^ Decalo, Samuel (2012). Historical Dictionary of the Niger. Boston & Folkestone: Scarecrow Press. p. 288. ISBN 0-8108-3136-8.
  3. ^ "Niger food crisis deepens". Afrol News. 12 July 2008. Retrieved 19 October 2016.
  4. ^ Répertoire National des Communes (RENACOM). Institut National de la Statistique, accessed 22 January 2011.
  5. ^ a b Frédéric Giraut: La petite ville. Un milieu adapté aux paradoxes de l’Afrique de l’Ouest. Etudes sur le semis et comparaison du système social et-spatial de sept localités: Badou et Anié (Togo), Jasikan et Kadjebi (Ghana), Torodi, Tamaské et Keïta (Niger). Dissertation, Universität Paris 1 Panthéon-Sorbonne 1994 (Online-Version; PDF; 2,3 MB), p. 129
  6. ^ Giraut 1994, p. 166
  7. ^ a b Giraut 1994, p. 167
  8. ^ Giraut 1994, p. 179-180
  9. ^ Giraut 1994, p. 131
  10. ^ Giraut 1994, p. 169
  11. ^ Giraut 1994, p. 181
  12. ^ Giraut 1994, p. 233
  13. ^ "La situation de la communication pour le développement au Niger (Etat des lieux). Tome 1" (PDF). Ministry of Communication of Niger (in French). 2003. Retrieved 20 October 2016.[permanent dead link]
  14. ^ Bachir Talfi: Note sur l’organisation judiciaire. Nigerien Justice Ministry, accessed 24. September 2012.
  15. ^ Présentation de la commune de Keita. ANIYA Coopération Décentralisée Niger-France, accessed 20 October 2016
  16. ^ Guédé, Boubacar (25 February 2015). "Qui est Mme Aïchatou Kané Boulama, le nouveau ministre des Affaires étrangères, de la coopération, de l'intégration africaine et des Nigériens à l'extérieur?". Niger Diaspora (in French). Archived from the original on 20 October 2016. Retrieved 19 October 2016.
  17. ^ Giraut 1994, p. 269