Kde domov můj

"Kde domov můj" (pronounced [ɡdɛ ˈdomof muːj]; English: "Where My Home Is") is the national anthem of the Czech Republic, written by the composer František Škroup and the playwright Josef Kajetán Tyl.[1]

Kde domov můj
English: Where My Home Is
Skroup-Anthem.jpg
Škroup’s score of the original song

National anthem of the Czech Republic
Former co-national anthem of Czechoslovakia
LyricsJosef Kajetán Tyl, 1834
MusicFrantišek Škroup, 1834
Adopted1918, 1990
Audio sample
2008 official orchestral and vocal recording by the Prague National Theatre Orchestra and Choir

HistoryEdit

The piece was written as a part of the incidental music to the comedy Fidlovačka aneb Žádný hněv a žádná rvačka (Fidlovačka, or No Anger and No Brawl). It was first performed by Karel Strakatý at the Estates Theatre in Prague on 21 December 1834. The original song consists of two verses (see below). Although J. K. Tyl is said to have considered leaving the song out of the play, not convinced of its quality, it soon became very popular among Czechs and was accepted as an informal anthem of a nation seeking to revive its identity within the Habsburg monarchy.

Soon after Czechoslovakia was formed in 1918, the first verse of the song became the Czech part of the national anthem, followed by the first verse of the Slovak song "Nad Tatrou sa blýska". The songs reflected the two nations' concerns in the 19th century[2][page needed] when they were confronted with the already fervent national-ethnic activism of the Germans and the Hungarians, their fellow ethnic groups in the Habsburg Monarchy. Because of the linguistic and ethnic diversity of the First Republic, official translations were made into Hungarian and German as well.[3][page needed]

With the split of Czechoslovakia in 1993, the Czechoslovak anthem was divided as well. While Slovakia extended its anthem by adding a second verse, the Czech Republic's national anthem was adopted unextended, in its single-verse version.[1]

In 1882, Antonín Dvořák used Kde domov můj in his incidental music to the František Ferdinand Šamberk play Josef Kajetán Tyl, Op. 62, B. 125. The overture is often played separately as a concert work entitled Domov můj (My Home).

LyricsEdit

Original lyrics (from Fidlovačka, 1834)Edit

Czech original IPA transcription[a] Poetic English translation 1

I
Kde domov můj, kde domov můj,
voda hučí po lučinách,
bory šumí po skalinách,
v sadě skví se jara květ,
zemský ráj to na pohled!
A to je ta krásná země,
země česká domov můj,
země česká domov můj!

II
Kde domov můj, kde domov můj,
v kraji znáš-li bohumilém
duše útlé v těle čilém,
mysl jasnou, vznik a zdar
a tu sílu vzdoru zmar,
to je Čechů slavné plémě
mezi Čechy domov můj!
mezi Čechy domov můj!

1
[ɡdɛ ˈdo.mof muːj | ɡdɛ ˈdo.mof muːj |]
[ˈvo.da ˈɦu.t͡ʃiː po ˈlu.t͡ʃɪ.naːx |]
[ˈbo.rɪ ˈʃu.miː po ˈska.lɪ.naːx |]
[ˈf‿sa.ɟɛ skviː sɛ ˈja.ra kvjɛt |]
[ˈzɛm.skiː raːj to na ˈpoɦ.lɛt ǁ]
[a to jɛ ta ˈkraːs.naː ˈzɛm.ɲɛ |]
[ˈzɛm.ɲɛ ˈt͡ʃɛs.kaː ˈdo.mof muːj |]
[ˈzɛm.ɲɛ ˈt͡ʃɛs.kaː ˈdo.mof muːj ǁ]

II
[ɡdɛ ˈdo.mof muːj | ɡdɛ ˈdo.mof muːj |]
[ˈf‿kra.jɪ ˈznaːʃ.lɪ ˈbo.ɦu.mɪ.lɛːm]
[ˈdu.ʃɛ ˈuːt.lɛː ˈf‿cɛ.lɛ ˈt͡ʃɪ.lɛːm |]
[ˈmɪs.l̩ ˈjas.nou̯ vznɪk a zdar]
[a tu ˈsiː.lu vzdo.ru zmar |]
[to jɛ ˈt͡ʃɛ.xuː ˈslav.nɛː ˈplɛːm.ɲɛ]
[ˈmɛ.zɪ ˈt͡ʃɛ.xɪ ˈdo.mof muːj ǁ]
[ˈmɛ.zɪ ˈt͡ʃɛ.xɪ ˈdo.mof muːj ǁ]

I
Where my home is, where my home is,
Streams are rushing through the meadows,
Midst the rocks sigh fragrant pine groves,
Orchards decked in spring's array,
Scenes of paradise portray.
And this land of wondrous beauty,
Is the Czech land of my home,
Is the Czech land of my home!

II
Where my home is, where my home is,
If, in the heavenly land, you have met
Slender souls in spry bodies,
Of clear mind, vigorous and prospering,
And with a strength that frustrates all defiance,
That is the glorious nation of Czechs
Among the Czechs (is) my home!
Among the Czechs, my home!

National anthem of Czechoslovakia 1918–1992Edit

 
Coat of arms of the
Czechoslovak Republic

The first stanza, along with that of the Slovak song Nad Tatrou sa blýska which is nowadays the national anthem of Slovakia, became from 1918 to 1992 the national anthem of Czechoslovakia.

Czech and Slovak original IPA transcription[a] English translation
Stanza 1 (Kde domov můj)

Kde domov můj, kde domov můj,
voda hučí po lučinách,
bory šumí po skalinách,
v sadě skví se jara květ,
zemský ráj to na pohled!
A to je ta krásná země,
země česká domov můj,
země česká domov můj!

[ɡdɛ ˈdo.mof muːj | ɡdɛ ˈdo.mof muːj |]
[ˈvo.da ˈɦu.t͡ʃiː po ˈlu.t͡ʃɪ.naːx |]
[ˈbo.rɪ ˈʃu.miː po ˈska.lɪ.naːx |]
[ˈf‿sa.ɟɛ skviː sɛ ˈja.ra kvjɛt |]
[ˈzɛm.skiː raːj to na ˈpoɦ.lɛt ǁ]
[a to jɛ ta ˈkraːs.naː ˈzɛm.ɲɛ |]
[ˈzɛm.ɲɛ ˈt͡ʃɛs.kaː ˈdo.mof muːj |]
[ˈzɛm.ɲɛ ˈt͡ʃɛs.kaː ˈdo.mof muːj ǁ]

Where my home is, where my home is,
Water roars across the meadows,
Pinewoods rustle among crags,
The garden is glorious with spring blossom,
Paradise on earth it is to see.
And this is that beautiful land,
The Czech land, my home,
The Czech land, my home!

Stanza 2 (Nad Tatrou sa blýska)

Nad Tatrou sa blýska, hromy divo bijú
Nad Tatrou sa blýska, hromy divo bijú
Zastavme ich, bratia, veď sa ony stratia,
Slováci ožijú.
Zastavme ich, bratia, veď sa ony stratia,
Slováci ožijú.

[ˈnat ta.trɔʊ̯ sa ˈbliːs.ka | ˈɦrɔ.mi ˈdi.ʋɔ ˈbi.juː]
[ˈnat ta.trɔʊ̯ sa ˈbliːs.ka | ˈɦrɔmi ˈdi.ʋɔ ˈbi.juː]
[ˈzas.taʊ̯ mɛ ˈix | ˈbra.cɪ̯a | ˈʋɛc sa ˈɔ.ni ˈstra.cɪ̯a |]
[ˈslɔ.ʋaː.t͡si ˈɔ.ʒi.juː ǁ]
[ˈzas.taʊ̯ mɛ ˈix | ˈbra.cɪ̯a | ˈʋɛc sa ˈɔ.ni ˈstra.cɪ̯a |]
[ˈslɔ.ʋaː.t͡si ˈɔ.ʒi.juː ǁ]

There is lightning over the Tatras, thunders wildly beat,
There is lightning over the Tatras, thunders wildly beat.
Let's stop them, brethren, after all they'll disappear,
the Slovaks will revive.
Let's stop them, brethren, after all they'll disappear,
the Slovaks will revive.

Current lyrics (adapted version)Edit

The following are the lyrics according to Appendix 6 of Czech Act No. 3/1993 Coll., as adapted by Act No. 154/1998 Coll.

Czech original IPA transcription[a] Official English translation Poetic English translation

Kde domov můj, kde domov můj,
Voda hučí po lučinách,
bory šumí po skalinách,
v sadě skví se jara květ,
zemský ráj to na pohled!
A to je ta krásná země,
země česká domov můj,
země česká domov můj!

[ɡdɛ ˈdo.mof muːj | ɡdɛ ˈdo.mof muːj |]
[ˈvo.da ˈɦu.t͡ʃiː po ˈlu.t͡ʃɪ.naːx |]
[ˈbo.rɪ ˈʃu.miː po ˈska.lɪ.naːx |]
[ˈf‿sa.ɟɛ skviː sɛ ˈja.ra kvjɛt |]
[ˈzɛm.skiː raːj to na ˈpoɦ.lɛt ǁ]
[a to jɛ ta ˈkraːs.naː ˈzɛm.ɲɛ |]
[ˈzɛm.ɲɛ ˈt͡ʃɛs.kaː ˈdo.mof muːj |]
[ˈzɛm.ɲɛ ˈt͡ʃɛs.kaː ˈdo.mof muːj ǁ]

Where my home is, where my home is,
Water roars across the meadows,
Pinewoods rustle among rocks,
The orchard is glorious with spring blossom,
Paradise on earth it is to see.
And this is that beautiful land,
The Czech land, my home,
The Czech land, my home!

Where is my home, where is my home,
Streams are rushing through the meadows,
Midst the rocks sigh fragrant pine groves,
Orchards decked in spring's array,
Scenes of Paradise portray.
And this land of wondrous beauty,
Is the Czech land, home of mine,
Is the Czech land, home of mine!

German translation
(used 1918–1938 and 1939–1945)
Hungarian translation
(used 1920–1938)

Wo ist mein Heim, mein Vaterland,
Wo durch Wiesen Bäche brausen,
Wo auf Felsen Wälder sausen,
Wo ein Eden uns entzückt,
Wenn der Lenz die Fluren schmückt:
Dieses Land, so schön vor allen,
Böhmen ist mein Heimatland.
Böhmen ist mein Heimatland.

Hol van honom, hol a hazám,
Hol patak zúg a hegyháton,
Csörgedez a rónaságon.
Üde virág a kertben,
Mint egy földi édenben.
Ez az istenáldotta föld,
Cseh föld a hazám,
Cseh föld a hazám.

NotesEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b "Ročník 1993 – Sbírka Zákonů České Republiky – Částka 2 – Rozeslána dne 29. prosince 1992: 3. Zákon České národní rady o státních symbolech České republiky, § 7: Státní hymna" [1993 – Collection of Laws of the Czech Republic – Section 2 – Dispatched on 29 December 1992: 3. Czech National Council Act on State Symbols of the Czech Republic, Article 7: State anthem] (PDF) (in Czech). Ministry of the Interior of the Czech Republic. 1993. Archived from the original (PDF) on 22 May 2011. (1) Státní hymnu tvoří první sloka písně Františka Škroupa na slova Josefa Kajetána Tyla "Kde domov můj". (2) Text a notový záznam státní hymny jsou přílohou 6 tohoto zákona. [TRANS] (1) The state anthem is the first verse of the song by František Škroup with the words of Josef Kajetán Tyl "Where my home is". (2) The text and the notes of the national anthem are annex 6 of this Act.
  2. ^ Auer, Stefan (2004). Liberal Nationalism in Central Europe. Routledge. ISBN 978-1-134-37860-9.
  3. ^ Gössel, Gabriel; et al. (2008). Kde domov můj: státní hymna České republiky v proměnách doby [The Czech Republic's national anthem down the ages]. Government of the Czech Republic. ISBN 978-80-87041-42-0.

External linksEdit