Kawab is the name of an ancient Egyptian prince of the 4th Dynasty. He was the eldest son of King Khufu and Queen Meritites I. Kawab served as vizier and was buried in the double mastaba G 7110–7120 in the east field which is part of the Giza Necropolis.
|Title||Crown Prince of Egypt|
Queen Meresankh III
Queen Meritites I
His Ka is pure
|Era: Old Kingdom|
Kawab was the eldest son of Pharaoh Khufu and Meritites I and half-brother of pharaohs Djedefre and Khafre. He was possibly born during the reign of his grandfather Sneferu. Kawab married his sister Hetepheres II. They had at least three sons named Duaenhor, Kaemsekhem and Mindjedef and a daughter Meresankh III.
Kawab died during the reign of his father so the next ruler was Djedefre, who married his widow Hetepheres II. It used to be believed that Djedefre had Kawab murdered, since Djedefre was buried in Abu Rawash, instead of Giza, which was the custom. Djedefre's pyramid was also vandalized, but it is now thought that the tomb was vandalized much later, that is, during Roman times.
Kawab's titles included officiant of Anubis, Priest of Serket, King's son of his body, King’s eldest son of his body, hereditary prince, chief of the ten(s) of Upper Egypt, sole companion of love, vizier (the title of vizier occurs on a statue from Mitrahina).
The full list of titles of Kawab were:
|imy iz||he who is in the iz-bureau, councillor||247|
|iry-pˁt||hereditary prince/nobleman, 'keeper of the patricians'||1157|
|ˁȝ dwȝw||assistant of Duau||1308|
|wr di.w pr ḏḥwty||Greatest of the Five in the temple of Thoth||1471|
|ḥm-nṯr srḳt||priest of Serket||2120|
|ḥts(?) Inpw ...||Reading unknown but related to Anubis (Inpw)||2501|
|ḫrp iȝwt nbwt nṯrwt||director of every divine office||2541|
|ẖry-ḥbt ḥry-tp||chief lector priest, lector priest in charge||2860|
|zȝ nswt||king's son||2911|
|zȝ nswt n ẖt.f||King's son of his body||2912|
|zȝ nswt smsw||king's eldest son||2913|
|zȝ nswt n ẖt.f smsw||king's eldest son of his body||2914|
|smr wˁty n(y) mrwt||sole companion, possessor of love||3277|
|tȝyty zȝb ṯȝty||he of the curtain, chief justice and vizier||3706|
|wr 10 šmˁ||Greatest/Great one of the ten of Upper Egypt||1437|
Translations and indexes from Dilwyn Jones.
Kawab was buried in a large double mastaba G 7110-7120 in the east field which is part of the Giza Necropolis. Mastaba G 7110 belonged to Kawab's wife. Her name was found in the chapel. G 7120 belonged to Kawab. A relief in the door way shows Kawab standing before his mother:
zȝ.s mr.s kȝ-wˤb, zȝt nṯr.s ḫrp jmȝt sšmt mrt-jt.s mwt.f mst n ḫwfw
"Her son, her beloved, Ka-wab, the daughter of her god, she who is in charge of the affairs of the jmAt, Meritites, his mother, who bore (him) to Khufu."
Four burial shafts were constructed as part of the mastaba. Shaft G 7110A was never used. Shaft G 7110B was originally intended for Hetepheres II, but was never finished and shows no sign of ever being used. This is most likely due to the fact that Hetepheres remarried after the death of her husband. Shaft G 7120A was the burial place of Kawab. A red granite sarcophagus was made for Kawab and found in place. The sarcophagus is inscribed with the following text:
1) "A boon which the king gives and Anubis, foremost of the divine booth, a burial in the necropolis as a possessor of a well provided state before the great god, officiant of Anubis, priest of Selket, Kawab
2) a boon which the king gives and Anubis, foremost of the divine booth, a burial in the necropolis in the western cemetery, having grown gracefully old, the king’s son of his body, Kawab
3) king’s eldest son of his body, officiant of Anubis, Kawab."
In popular cultureEdit
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Kawab.|
- Dodson, Aidan and Hilton, Dyan. The Complete Royal Families of Ancient Egypt. Thames & Hudson. 2004. ISBN 0-500-05128-3
- Dodson & Hilton, p.59
- Simpson, William Kelly. The Mastabas of Kawab, Khafkhufu I and II. Giza Mastabas 3. Boston: Museum of Fine Arts, 1978. pg 1-8, Plate I-X, Retrieved from gizapyramids.org Archived 2008-10-11 at the Wayback Machine
- Baud, Michel, Famille royale et pouvoir sous l'Ancien Empire Egyptien 1 & 2 IFAO, 1999, [http://gizamedia.rc.fas.harvard.edu/images/MFA-images/Giza/GizaImage/full/library/baud_famille_1.pdf - PDF from Digital Giza (2 parts), ISBN 2-7247-0248-4.
- Jones, Dilwyn, An Index Of Ancient Egyptian Titles Epithets And Phrases Of The Old Kingdom 1 & 2 BAR, 2000, ISBN 1-84171-069-5.
- Porter, Bertha and Moss, Rosalind, Topographical Bibliography of Ancient Egyptian Hieroglyphic Texts, Statues, Reliefs and Paintings Volume III: Memphis, Part I Abu Rawash to Abusir. 2nd edition (revised and augmented by Dr Jaromir Malek, 1974. Retrieved from gizapyramids.org
- "Kawab". Archived from the original on 2010-06-13. Retrieved 2010-05-08.