Katun River

The Katun River (Russian: Катунь, Katuń; Altay: Кадын, Kadyn) is a river in the Altai Republic and the Altai Krai of Russia. It forms the Ob River as it joins the Biya River some 19 kilometres (12 mi) southwest of Biysk. The Katun River is 688 kilometres (428 mi) long, and its drainage basin covers 60,900 square kilometres (23,500 sq mi). It originates in the Katun glaciers on the southern slope of Belukha Mountain. The river freezes up in late November or early December and breaks up in early or mid-April. The Katun River has a few tributaries: Argut River, Chuya River, Koksa River and Sema River. The river is navigable.

Katun
2006-07 altaj katun.jpg
The Katun River in Tungur village
Etymology"woman", Altay language
Native nameКатунь
Location
CountryRussia
RegionAltai Republic, Altai Krai
Physical characteristics
SourceKatun Glacier
 ⁃ locationBelukha Mountain, Altai Republic
 ⁃ coordinates49°44′40″N 86°39′41″E / 49.74444°N 86.66139°E / 49.74444; 86.66139
 ⁃ elevation2,300 m (7,500 ft)
MouthOb River
 ⁃ location
Confluence with Biya River, near Biysk, Altai Krai
 ⁃ coordinates
52°25′54″N 85°01′26″E / 52.43167°N 85.02389°E / 52.43167; 85.02389Coordinates: 52°25′54″N 85°01′26″E / 52.43167°N 85.02389°E / 52.43167; 85.02389
 ⁃ elevation
195 m (640 ft)
Length688 km (428 mi)
Basin size60,900 km2 (23,500 sq mi)
Discharge 
 ⁃ locationSrotski, 58 kilometres (36 mi) from the mouth[1]
 ⁃ average617 m3/s (21,800 cu ft/s)[2]
 ⁃ minimum16 m3/s (570 cu ft/s)
 ⁃ maximum2,930 m3/s (103,000 cu ft/s)
Basin features
River systemOb River basin
Tributaries 
 ⁃ leftKoksa River, Ursul River, Kamenka River (Katun)
 ⁃ rightKoutcherla River, Argout River, Chuya River, Icha River
Katun River in the Altai Republic

The upper reach of the Katun River flows down the distant and sparsely populated area, but a few kilometers downstream near the Kujus village, the coastal population density grows steadily and the area downstream of the Ust-Sema village is the most populated. There are numerous buildings, holiday camps and various guest houses in the pine forest near the village.

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Katun River discharge at Srotski". Soviet Union Hydro-Station archive. UNESCO. 1936–1990. Archived from the original on 2009-11-25. Retrieved 2010-11-12.
  2. ^ "Katun River discharge at Srotski". Soviet Union Hydro-Station archive. UNESCO. 1936–1990. Archived from the original on 2009-11-25. Retrieved 2010-11-12.