Karl Stetter

Karl Otto Stetter (born 16 July 1941) is a German microbiologist and authority on astrobiology. He is an expert on microbial life at high temperatures.

Karl Stetter.


Stetter was born in Munich and studied biology at the Technische Universität Munich. He wrote his doctoral dissertation on lactobacilli. From 1980 to 2002 he was professor at, and head of, the department of microbiology and of the Archaea center of the University of Regensburg.

The majority of Professor Stetter's research has focused on sampling, isolating and characterizing archaeal organisms which comprise the third domain of life, particularly undiscovered extremely heat-loving (hyperthermophilic) bacteria and Archaea, also called extremophiles, growing optimally between 80 and 113 °C.

Major discoveryEdit

Nanoarchaeum equitans, an archaeal microorganism containing the world's smallest known genome, was discovered by Stetter in 2002 in a hydrothermal vent off the coast of Iceland. This archaebacterium was described in the scientific journal Nature in May 2002.[1]


Among the other extremophiles discovered by Dr Stetter has been Pyrococcus furiosus,[2] which was found on the Italian island of Vulcano in 1981. This extremophile was the source of Pfu DNA polymerase. Stetter also discovered Aquifex aeolicus and Aquifex pyrophilus.

Awards and membershipsEdit

In 2003, Stetter was honored with the Leeuwenhoek Medal by the Royal Netherlands Academy of Arts and Sciences, an award given every 10 years to the scientist who has made the most outstanding contributions to the advancement of microbiology.

Professor Stetter is member of the:

  • Deutsche Akademie der Naturforscher Leopoldina
  • American Society of Microbiology (ASM)
  • Bayerische Akademie der Wissenschaften
  • Department of Microbiology and Molecular Genetics and Institute of Geophysics and Planetary Science (IGPP), UCLA
  • Deutsche Gesellschaft für Hygiene und Mikrobiologie (DGHM)
  • Gesellschaft Deutscher Chemiker (GDCh)
  • Gesellschaft Deutscher Naturforscher und Ärzte
  • Gesellschaft für Biologische Chemie (GBCh)
  • International Committee on Environmental Biogeochemistry (ISEB)
  • International Committee on Systematic Bacteriology (ICSB)
  • International Institute of Biotechnology
  • International Society for the Study of the Origin of Life (ISSOL)
  • Royal Netherlands Academy of Arts and Sciences (1999)[3]
  • Vereinigung für Allgemeine und Angewandte Mikrobiologie (VAAM)

See alsoEdit


  1. ^ Huber, H; Hohn, MJ; Rachel, R; Fuchs, T; Wimmer, VC; Stetter, KO (2 May 2002). "A new phylum of Archaea represented by a nanosized hyperthermophilic symbiont". Nature. 417 (6884): 63–7. Bibcode:2002Natur.417...63H. doi:10.1038/417063a. PMID 11986665.
  2. ^ Fiala, Gerhard; Stetter, Karl O. (June 1986). "Pyrococcus furiosus sp. nov. represents a novel genus of marine heterotrophic archaebacteria growing optimally at 100°C". Archives of Microbiology. 145 (1): 56–61. doi:10.1007/BF00413027.
  3. ^ "K.O. Stetter". Royal Netherlands Academy of Arts and Sciences. Retrieved 17 July 2015.

External linksEdit