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Karl Maron (27 April 1903 – 2 February 1975) was a German politician, who served as the interior minister of East Germany. He also assumed different posts in East Germany's government.

Karl Maron
Bundesarchiv Bild 183-52112-0001, Karl Maron (cropped).jpg
Minister of Interior
In office
1 July 1955 – 14 November 1963
Preceded by Willi Stoph
Succeeded by Friedrich Dickel
Personal details
Born 27 April 1903
Berlin, Kingdom of Prussia, German Empire
Died 2 February 1975 (aged 71)
East Berlin, German Democratic Republic
Nationality German
Political party Socialist Unity Party of Germany


Early life and educationEdit

Maron was born in 1903.[1] He was educated in Russia.[2]


Maron was a metal worker.[3] In 1926, he joined the Communist Party of Germany (KPD).[3] During the Nazi regime, he left Germany in 1934 for Denmark and then settled in Russia.[2][3] He returned to Berlin under the protection of a Russian general a few days after the Red Army captured the city in 1945.[2] Immediately after his return he became deputy lord mayor of Berlin.[4] In 1946, he became a member of the Socialist Unity Party of Germany (SED).[3][5] From 1946 to 1950 he was the chief editor of daily Neues Deutschland, which was founded in 1946 by the SED.[3] He was also the director of Berlin municipality's economy department at the end of the 1940s.[6]

He became the chief of the German people’s police or more commonly Volkspolizei in June 1950 when former chief Kurt Fischer died.[7] In February 1953, he publicly argued "the Volkspolizei can never be neutral or unpolitical."[7] In 1954, he was named as the member of SED's central committee.[3] During his tenure as the chief of Volkspolizei he also assumed the role of deputy interior minister.[8]

He was appointed interior minister on 1 July 1955, replacing Willi Stoph.[1][9] In this position he was promoted in 1962 to Generaloberst. In 1961, he became a member of the working group formed by the Politburo to develop ways to end refugee flow from East Germany.[10] The other members of the group were then security chief Erich Honecker and Stasi chief Erich Mielke.[10] Maron's tenure as interior minister ended on 14 November 1963.[1][11] He was succeeded by Friedrich Dickel as interior minister.[12] From 1958 to 1967 he served as the representative of Volkskammer.[3] In 1964, Maron founded the Institute for Demoscopy (Institut für Meinungsforschung in German) that was a demoscopic research body sponsored by the SED.[13]

Personal life and deathEdit

Maron was the step-father of author Monika Maron.[14][15] Karl Maron married her mother in 1955.[16] He died in 1975.[3]


  1. ^ a b c "East German ministries". Rulers. Retrieved 28 April 2013. 
  2. ^ a b c "In Berlin zone". Toledo Blade. 8 December 1948. Retrieved 28 April 2013. 
  3. ^ a b c d e f g h Caroline Schaumann (27 August 2008). Memory Matters: Generational Responses to Germany's Nazi Past in Recent Women's Literature. Walter de Gruyter. p. 255. ISBN 978-3-11-020659-3. Retrieved 28 April 2013. 
  4. ^ "Berlin and London think Hitler alive". Toronto Daily Star. 8 September 1945. Retrieved 28 April 2013. 
  5. ^ "1 July 1961". Chronik der Mauer. Retrieved 28 April 2013. 
  6. ^ "Reds take complete control of Berlin city hall". The Day. 1 December 1948. Retrieved 28 April 2013. 
  7. ^ a b Bessel, Richard (2003). "Policing in East Germany in the wake of the Second World". Crime, History & Societies. 7 (2). Retrieved 28 April 2013. 
  8. ^ McLellan, Josie (March 2007). "State Socialist Bodies: East German Nudism from Ban to Boom". The Journal of Modern History. 79: 48–79. doi:10.1086/517544. Retrieved 28 April 2013. 
  9. ^ Deirdre Byrnes (2011). Rereading Monika Maron: Text, Counter-text and Context. Peter Lang. p. 138. ISBN 978-3-03911-422-1. Retrieved 28 April 2013. 
  10. ^ a b Hope M. Harrison (27 June 2011). Driving the Soviets up the Wall: Soviet-East German Relations, 1953-1961. Princeton University Press. p. 194. ISBN 978-1-4008-4072-4. Retrieved 28 April 2013. 
  11. ^ "Monika Maron". Central European Forum. Retrieved 28 April 2013. 
  12. ^ Hertle, Hans-Hermann (Winter–Spring 2001). "The Fall of the Wall: The Unintended Self-Dissolution of East Germany's Ruling Regime" (PDF). Cold War International History Project Bulletin (12-13): 1–31. Archived from the original (PDF) on 24 December 2012. Retrieved 28 April 2013. 
  13. ^ Patrick Major; Johnathan Osmond (2002). The Workers' and Peasants' State: Communism and Society in East Germany Under Ulbricht, 1945-71. Manchester University Press. p. 7. ISBN 978-0-7190-6289-6. Retrieved 28 April 2013. 
  14. ^ Zimmermann, Ulf (1 January 2005). "Monika Maron. Geburtsort Berlin". World Literature Today. Retrieved 28 April 2013. 
  15. ^ Lei, Zhang (25 October 2011). "From the Bamboo to the Iron Curtain". Global Times. Retrieved 28 April 2013. 
  16. ^ Deirdre Byrnes (2011). Rereading Monika Maron (PDF). Oxford: BI50. ISBN 978-3-0353-0056-7. Retrieved 19 December 2014. 

External linksEdit