Karkotaka (Sanskrit: कर्कोटक, romanizedKarkoṭaka) is a naga king in Hinduism. One of the children of Kashyapa and Kadru, Karkotaka is regarded to have lived in a forest near the Nishadha Kingdom. According to Hindu mythology, he stings King Nala, transforming him into a twisted and ugly shape.[1]

Personal information
ParentsKashyapa (father), Kadru (mother)
SiblingsShesha, Vasuki, Manasa, Takshaka, and the rest of the Naga race


Karkotaka once deceived Narada, the divine sage, in a game of chance. Angered, Narada cursed him that he would remain stationary in the forest until he is saved by King Nala. In the Mahabharata, Karkotaka encountered King Nala when there was a wildfire in the forest where he dwelt, calling out to the king to rescue him. Reducing himself to the size of a thumb, he urged Nala to save him, and the king promptly moved the serpent to a safer spot. Thus, he was freed from Narada's curse. Karkotaka asked the king to step forward ten steps, and after he did so, stung him, causing him to turn ugly. The serpent explained that he had bit the king because the malevolent Kali had possessed him, and the latter should have to suffer for it. He assured Nala that he would face no danger and be undefeatable in battle as along as the poison remained in his body. He then asked Nala to go to Rituparṇa, King of Ayodhya, and work for him as a charioteer under the alias Bahuka.[2] He told the king to teach Rituparna the Aśvahṛdaya mantra, and learn the Akṣahṛdaya mantra in exchange, after which he would be reunited with his family. He also offered Nala two garments, which he could wear to regain his original form.[3][4] It is believed that dwelling on Karkotaka allows one to be safeguarded against the asura Kali.[5]

He is counted among the Eight Naga Kings in Hindu sources.[6]

Tibetan BuddhismEdit

In the Nāga Menaka offering, Karkotaka is described as being white in color and situated in the southwest of the great lake visualized by the meditator.

See alsoEdit


  1. ^ www.wisdomlib.org (29 June 2012). "Karkotaka, Karkoṭaka, Kārkoṭaka: 23 definitions". www.wisdomlib.org. Retrieved 13 November 2022.
  2. ^ Doug Niles (18 August 2013). Dragons: The Myths, Legends, and Lore. New York: Adams Media. pp. 131–132. ISBN 978-1-4405-6216-7. Retrieved 16 September 2017.
  3. ^ www.wisdomlib.org (28 January 2019). "Story of Karkoṭaka". www.wisdomlib.org. Retrieved 13 November 2022.
  4. ^ Bane, Theresa (25 April 2016). Encyclopedia of Beasts and Monsters in Myth, Legend and Folklore. McFarland. p. 184. ISBN 978-0-7864-9505-4.
  5. ^ www.wisdomlib.org (14 August 2021). "Ashtanaga—Eight important Nagas [Chapter 5.2]". www.wisdomlib.org. Retrieved 13 November 2022.
  6. ^ Zhang, Yisun (張怡蓀) (1993). Great Tibetan Dictionary (བོད་རྒྱ་ཚིག་མཛོད་ཆེན་མོ།་ 藏漢大辭典). Minorities Publishing House.