Karim Zand (Kurdish: که‌ریم زه‌ند, کەریم زەند, 1924–2017)[1] was a Kurdish historian and geographer known for his writings on Kurdish history, tribes and language. From the 1940s to his death, he wrote more than twenty books and five hundred articles.[2]


Zand was born in 1924 in Sulaymaniyah and completed primary, secondary and religious school in the neighborhood he was born in. He afterwards moved to Baghdad and graduated from the Teachers' College in 1944 and became a teacher. He started writing in 1940 and had since 1938 been involved in politics including in Republic of Mahabad.[3] He moreover travelled to the Soviet Union with Kurdish leader Mustafa Barzani.[1]

Beside Kurdish, he spoke Arabic, English, French and Persian.[2]

In 1977, he published the book Kurdish language and translation technic.[4]


  1. ^ a b "Karim Zand, famous Kurdish historian dies at 93". 10 October 2017. Retrieved 8 July 2022.
  2. ^ a b Rasool, Roshna (November 2009). "Walk a mile in his shoes". SOMA Digest (64): 8.
  3. ^ Hakim, Goran (2018). "مامۆستا كه‌ریم زه‌ند له‌سینگی میژوودا مایه‌وه‌" [Karim Zand remained in the bosom of history] (in Kurdish). Retrieved 8 July 2022.
  4. ^ "[Zimānī kurdī wa hunarī wargērān. al-Lughat al-kurdīyah wa fann al-tarjamah. Kurdish language and translation technic". WorldCat. Retrieved 8 July 2022.