Karchag Lhankarma

The Karchag Lhankarma (Dkar chag lhan dkar ma) is a catalog of the Buddhist texts held at the Lhankar palace of the Tibetan Empire. It was probably compiled in 824 CE.[1] It is the only one of the three catalogues of Buddhist texts from the imperial period that is preserved in the Kanjur.[2] It is also the oldest known catalogue of these texts.[3]


  1. ^ Herrmann-Pfandt, Adelheid, Die lHan kar ma: ein früher Katalog der ins Tibetische übersetzten buddhistischen Texte. Vienna: Verlag der österreichischen Akademie der Wissenschaften. 2008.
  2. ^ Lalou, Marcelle. “Les textes Bouddhiques au temps du Roi khri-sroṅ-lde-bcan.” (Buddhist Texts in the time of King khri-sron-lde-bcan). Journal Asiatique 241 (1953): 313-53
  3. ^ James B. Apple; University of Calgary (December 2009). "Contributions to the Development and Classification of Abhisamayālaṃkāra Literature in Tibet from the Ninth to Fourteenth Centuries". Journal of the International Association of Tibetan Studies (JIATS). International Association of Tibetan Studies (5) – via Tibetan and Himalayan Library (THL #T5689). The Lhan kar ma is the oldest known catalog, its time of composition is often located during the reign of Khri lde srong btsan (also known as Sad na legs; circa 800-815), or alternatively during the reign of King Khri gtsug lde btsan (circa 824 CE)