Karadeniz Ereğli

Karadeniz Ereğli (or Ereğli) is a city and district in Zonguldak Province of Turkey on the Black Sea shore.[4] Population of the city proper is 121,237 as of 2020.[5] The mayor of the city is Halil Posbıyık.[6] Mehmet Yapıcı is the District Governor of Ereğli.[7]

Ereğli
City
Ereğli coast
Ereğli coast
Ereğli is located in Turkey
Ereğli
Ereğli
Coordinates: 41°16′45″N 31°25′15″E / 41.27917°N 31.42083°E / 41.27917; 31.42083Coordinates: 41°16′45″N 31°25′15″E / 41.27917°N 31.42083°E / 41.27917; 31.42083
CountryTurkey
ProvinceZonguldak
Government
 • MayorHalil Posbıyık (CHP)
 • KaymakamMehmet Yapıcı[1]
Area
 • District976.26 km2 (376.94 sq mi)
Population
 (2012)[3]
 • Urban
102,828
 • District
173,933
 • District density180/km2 (460/sq mi)
Post code
67300
ClimateCfb
Websitewww.kdzeregli.bel.tr

HistoryEdit

The city was a Greek city in ancient times known as Heraclea Pontica after the Greek mythical hero Heracles. The Turkish name Karadeniz Ereğli means "Black Sea Ereğli" (kara: "black", deniz: "sea" in Turkish), which distinguishes it from other places called Ereğli (the name Ereğli derives from Heraclea).

It was founded by a Megarian colony, which soon subjugated the native Mariandynians and extended its power over a considerable territory. The prosperity of the city, rudely shaken by the Galatians and the Bithynians, was utterly destroyed in the Mithridatic Wars. It was the birthplace of Heraclides Ponticus.[8] According to Greek mythology, the cave guarded by the three-headed dog Cerberus is located near the town. For his final quest, Heracles is tasked with entering the cave and capturing Cerberus.

In the late 19th and early 20th century, Karadeniz Ereğli was part of the Kastamonu Vilayet of the Ottoman Empire.

FactsEdit

Modern Ereğli is the home of Erdemir, an important steel plant of Turkey.[9] It has a large natural harbour, located in the lee of Baba Burnu and therefore one of the few geographically attractive places for a harbour on the western Black Sea coast of Turkey. Ereğli is well developed due to the presence of the steel plant and fishing is a major commercial activity in the city.[citation needed] Because of its Black Sea beach, Ereğli is a popular tourist destination locally.[citation needed] The city does not have an airport (Erdemir has a small private field) or rail station, but can be reached by automobile or bus from Ankara, Istanbul and other places.

In addition to its fishing and steel, Ereğli is also well known for its delicious Ottoman strawberry.[citation needed]

The discoverer of the northern Turkish coalfields, Uzun Mehmet, lived in the Kestaneci Köyü ("Chestnut-seller Village") section of Ereğli.[citation needed]

The International Love, Peace, Friendship, Culture and Art Festival is held every year in Karadeniz Ereğli.[citation needed]

SportsEdit

Ereğli is an active spot in women's football. Karadeniz Ereğli Belediyespor is currently competing in National Women's Football League.[10] Furthermore, Karadeniz Ereğli Spor won Girls' U-15 Turkey Championship in 2011.[11] Also, local men's football clubs of Ereğli compete in amateur leagues.

In 2000s, Erdemirspor had several successful professional sport teams. Men's volleyball team won three Turkish Men's Volleyball League championship titles (2001-02, 2003-04, and 2004-05), but was withdrawn from the league in 2007.[12] Men's basketball team competed in Men's Basketball Super League for 7 seasons (2004-06, 2008-13), until Erdemir disestablished the team in 2013.[13] It also won two championship titles in the lower basketball league. Besides, women's basketball team competed in the Woman's Basketball League in 2000s.

Chess is also a popular sport in Ereğli. There are two chess clubs in the city,[14] and Ereğli hosts around 10 local chess tournaments each year.[15]

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Kdz. Ereğli Kaymakamı Mehmet Yapıcı kimdir?". www.pusulagazetesi.com.tr. Retrieved 2021-09-05.
  2. ^ "Area of regions (including lakes), km²". Regional Statistics Database. Turkish Statistical Institute. 2002. Retrieved 2013-03-05.
  3. ^ "Population of province/district centers and towns/villages by districts - 2012". Address Based Population Registration System (ABPRS) Database. Turkish Statistical Institute. Retrieved 2013-02-27.
  4. ^ "Kdz.Ereğli Demokrat Medya - Ereğli Haberleri". Kdz.Ereğli Demokrat Medya - Ereğli Haberleri (in Turkish). Retrieved 2021-04-25.
  5. ^ "TÜİK Merkezi Dağıtım Sistemi". Retrieved 2021-09-05.
  6. ^ "Zonguldak Ereğli Seçim Sonuçları - 31 Mart 2019 Yerel Seçimleri". www.sabah.com.tr. Retrieved 2020-03-28.
  7. ^ Gazete, Banka (19 January 2022). "Şehit madenci aileleri ürettikleri ürünleri protokole hediye etti". Gazete Banka. p. https://gazetebanka.com/. Retrieved 19 January 2022.
  8. ^   One or more of the preceding sentences incorporates text from a publication now in the public domainChisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Heraclea". Encyclopædia Britannica. Vol. 13 (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. p. 308.
  9. ^ "Erdemir - Contact Us". www.erdemir.com.tr. Retrieved 2020-03-28.
  10. ^ "Turkcell Kadın 1. Ligi Fikstür ve Puan Cetveli TFF". tff.org. Retrieved 2021-09-06.
  11. ^ "Yıldız Kızlar Türkiye Şampiyonu Karadeniz Ereğli Spor". tff.org. Retrieved 2021-09-06.
  12. ^ "Erdemirspor Voleyboldan Çekildi". haberler.com. Retrieved 2021-09-05.
  13. ^ "Erdemirspor kapatılıyor". skor.sozcu.com.tr. Retrieved 2021-09-05.
  14. ^ "Kulüplerimiz". zonguldak.tsf.org.tr. Retrieved 2021-09-06.
  15. ^ "Zonguldak İl Etkinlik Programı" (PDF). zonguldak.tsf.org.tr. Retrieved 2021-09-06.

External linksEdit