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Naval Ensign of Germany.svg
MDS 43 Kapitänleutnant Trp.svg MDJA 43 Kapitänleutnant Trp Lu.svg MA OG5 43 Kapitänleutnant.svg
shoulder board / cuff title / mounting loop
Rank insignia German officer rank
Introduction 1993
Rank group Commissioned officers
Navy Kapitänleutnant
Army / Air Force Hauptmann
Army Captain
Navy Lieutenant (navy)

Kapitänleutnant, short: KptLt/in lists: KL, (English: captain lieutenant) is an officer grade of the captains' military hierarchy group (German: Hauptleute) of the German Bundeswehr. The rank is rated OF-2[1] in NATO, and equivalent to Hauptmann in the Heer and Luftwaffe. It is grade A11 or A12 in the pay rules of the Federal Ministry of Defence.


The official manner, in line to ZDv 10/8, of formal addressing of military people with the rank Kapitänleutnant (OF-2) is “Herr/Frau Kapitänleutnant“. However, as to German traditions and in line to seamen's language the abbreviation of the title to "Herr/Frau Kaleu" (contemporary usage) is used in verbal communication. The commander (line officer) of the Type VIIC U-boat U96 in the film Das Boot was of this rank, and called "Herr Kaleun" (historical usage) by his crew.

Rank and assignmantEdit

The U.S. Navy's rank of Lieutenant (navy) is equal to Kapitänleutnant in NATO's military hierarchy (classed as OF-2). However German Navy Kapitänleutnant might be assigned to the so-called “line officer career” (de: Truppendienstlaufbahn or Truppendienstoffizier) or “officer specialist career” (de: Fachdienstlaufbahn or Fachdienstoffizier, officially: Offizier des militärfachlichen Dienstes).

Its rank insignia, worn on the sleeves and shoulders, are one golden five-pointed star above two golden stripes with one half stripes between them (without the star when rank loops are worn).

See also

Line Officer careerEdit

A Kapitänleutnant (line officer) may command smaller ships (e.g. submarine class 206A, minehunter class 332) or serve as principal warfare officer on larger warships, giving the rank responsibilities more along those of a Lieutenant commander in the U.S. or Royal navies.

junior Rank
Oberleutnant zur See
German Navy officer rank
(Line officer career)
senior Rank
(Line officer grad)

The sequence of ranks (top-down approach) in that particular group is as follows:

Officer Specialist careerEdit

Kapitänleutnant might be a senior officer specialist rank, comparable to US warrant officer, however, junior to Stabskapitänleutnant. Military people of the “line officer career” skip over the rank Stabskapitänleutnant, by regular promotion from Kapitänleutnant (OF-2) to Korvettenkapitän (OF-3).

junior rank
Oberleutnant zur See
German Navy officer rank
(Warrant officer career)'
senior rank

The sequence of ranks (top-down approach) in that particular group is as follows:


  1. ^ STANAG 2116
  2. ^ The abbreviation "OF" stands for de: "Offizier / en: officer / fr: officier / ru: офицер"