Kalkarindji (formerly Wave Hill Welfare Settlement, also spelt Kalkiringi) is a town and locality in the Northern Territory of Australia, located on the Buntine Highway about 554 kilometres (344 mi) south of the territory capital of Darwin and located about 460 kilometres (290 mi) south of the municipal seat in Katherine.
Map showing location of Kalkarindji in red on white.
|Population||334 (2016 census)|
|• Density||56/km2 (144/sq mi)|
5 October 1976 (town)
4 April 2007 (locality)
|Elevation||196 m (643 ft)weather station|
|Area||6 km2 (2.3 sq mi)|
|Time zone||ACST (UTC+9:30)|
|LGA(s)||Victoria Daly Region|
Kalkarindji and the nearby settlement of Daguragu are the population centres of the land formerly held under the Wave Hill Cattle Station. In 1966, the Aboriginal station workers, led by Vincent Lingiari, staged the Gurindji strike, also known as the Wave Hill Walk Off, in protest against oppressive labour practices and land dispossession. A portion of land was returned to the Gurindji people in by UK-based station owners The Vestey Group, after negotiations by the Whitlam government in 1975.
Kalkarindji reportedly began in 1972 as the "Wave Hill Aboriginal Township." On 5 October 1976, land was associated with existing settlement was proclaimed under the Northern Territory’s Crown Lands Ordinance as a town named "Kalkaringi". In 1985, the spelling of the town’s name was changed to "Kalkarindji" after a review of the original spelling by tribal elders.
As of 2006, Daguragu Community Government Council provided "municipal and other services to the township and surrounds of Kalkaringi (formerly known as Wave Hill) and to Daguragu, a community settled on land under the Aboriginal Land Rights Act 1976". The total council area was about 3,237 square kilometres (1,250 sq mi). Kalkaringi was within a gazetted township area, with the land being leasehold under the auspices of the Northern Territory Government.
The 2016 Australian census which was conducted in August 2016 reports that Kalkarindji had 334 people living within its boundaries of which 285 (84.8%) identified as "Aboriginal and/or Torres Strait Islander peoples".
Kalkarindji is located within the federal division of Lingiari, the territory electoral division of Stuart and the local government area of the Victoria Daly Region. The council office for the ward of Kalkarindji/Daguragu is located in Kalkarindji, and is also the service centre for Daguragu, which is 8 kilometres (5.0 mi) north-west of Kalkarindji, adjacent to Wattie Creek.
The Gurindji Aboriginal Corporation is a Registered Native Title Body Corporate (RNTBC) owned by the communities of Kalkaringi and Daguragu, a total of about 700 people of mainly Gurindji, Mudburra and Warlpiri heritage. It oversees a number of community-owned enterprises, such as the Kalkaringi Store and Caravan Park.
Daguragu community is situated on Aboriginal land held under perpetual title.
- "Place Names Register Extract for Kalkarindji (locality)". NT Place Names Register. Northern Territory Government. Retrieved 25 January 2020.
- Australian Bureau of Statistics (27 June 2017). "Kalkarindji (State Suburb)". 2016 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 20 August 2017.
- Adermann, Evan (5 October 1976). "THE NORTHERN TERRITORY OF AUSTRALIA Crown Lands Ordinance PROCLAMATION". Australian Government Gazette. General. p. 2. Retrieved 23 March 2020 – via Trove.
- "Kalkarindji Postcode". postcode-finders.com.au. Retrieved 25 January 2020.
- "Summary statistics Wave Hill (nearest weather station with current data)". Bureau of Meteorology, Australian government. Retrieved 25 January 2020.
Wave Hill refers to Wave Hill Station which is 26 kilometres (16 mi) away from Kalkarindji.
- "Kalkarindji". Australia's Guide Pty Ltd. Retrieved 25 January 2020.
- "OUR COMMUNITIES: Kalkarindji / Daguragu". Victoria Daly Region. Retrieved 23 March 2020.
- "Division of Stuart". Northern Territory Electoral Commission. Retrieved 25 January 2020.
- "Federal electoral division of Lingiari". Australian Electoral Commission. Retrieved 25 January 2020.
- "Communities of Kalkarindji & Daguragu (CP5158)". Northern Territory Government. 2 April 2007. Retrieved 25 January 2020.
- "Localities within Victoria-Daly Shire (sic) (map)" (PDF). Northern Territory Government. 2 April 2007. Retrieved 25 January 2020.
- "Home". Daguragu Community Government Council. Archived from the original on 31 August 2006.
- "About us". Daguragu Community Government Council. Archived from the original on 31 August 2006.
- Lawrie, D.P. (4 April 2007). "Place Names Act, NOTICE OF NAMING OF PLACES" (PDF). The Northern Territory Government Gazette. Northern Territory Government. p. 9. Retrieved 23 March 2020.
- "Supporting and protecting Kalkaringi and Daguragu communities". indigenous.gov.au. 28 May 2020. Retrieved 8 August 2020.
- "What we do". Gurindji Aboriginal Corporation. Retrieved 8 August 2020.
- Ward, Charlie (20 August 2016). "An historic handful of dirt: Whitlam and the legacy of the Wave Hill Walk-Off". The Conversation. Article by the author of the 2017 book A Handful of Sand: The Gurindji Struggle, After the Walk-off.
- Gerritsen, Rolf (2017). "A Handful of Sand: The Gurindji Struggle, After the Walk-offby Charlie Ward... Book Review" (PDF). Aboriginal History. ANU Press. 41: 233–234.