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The Kalamita Bay (Russian: Каламитский залив, Ukrainian: Каламітська затока, Crimean Tatar: Kalamita körfezi, Каламита корьфези), also known as Gulf of Kalamita, is a bay and a gulf in the Black Sea south of Yevpatoria, Crimea.[1] Kalamita was likewise a name used for Inkerman.

Kalamita Bay
Kalamitskiy zaliv1.JPG
LocationBlack Sea
CoordinatesCoordinates: 45°03′00″N 33°28′00″E / 45.05000°N 33.46667°E / 45.05000; 33.46667
Ocean/sea sourcesAtlantic Ocean
Basin countriesRussia/Ukraine
Max. length13 km (8.1 mi)
Max. width41 km (25 mi)
Average depth30 m (98 ft)
Salinity'

HistoryEdit

On 18th September 1854, French and British forces landed here in pursuit of their objective of besieging and destroying the Russian naval base of Sevastopol. The sighting of the allied fleet immediately caused local Tatars to form armed bands in support of the invaders, while local Russians and Greeks fled in panic.[2] The landing took five days and was unopposed, though several Cossack scouts observed from a distance. The beach was well-protected, by the respective navies on the seaward side, and by a saltwater lagoon to landward. Wells were dug for water, which proved however to be extremely brackish. Soldiers either drank from puddles or took wine from nearby farms.[3]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Каламитский залив // Great Soviet Encyclopedia
  2. ^ Orlando Figes, Crimea, Penguin, 2011, p 202
  3. ^ Orlando Figes, Crimea, Penguin, 2011, p 204