Kalamandalam Haridas

Kalamandalam Haridas (15 September 1946 – 17 September 2005) was a renowned Indian Kathakali musician noted for his evocative rendition of the padams, or playback songs for the characters in the classical Kerala dance-drama.

Kalamandalam Haridas
Birth nameHaridas

Born in Venmani Mana, a Namboodiri mansion of literary repute in Vellarappilly village east of Aluva off Kochi, Haridas developed interest in Kathakali by watching performances of the classical dance-drama in the neighbouring Akavoor Mana. He was taught the basics in music by Mundakkal Sankara Varrier. He learned ´padams´ from stories like Rugminiswayamvaram and Kuchelavritham.

In 1960, he joined Kerala Kalamandalam and learned music under leading Kathakali musicians like Kalamandalam Neelakantan Nambisan, Sivaraman Nair and Kalamandalam Gangadharan Nair. He was the first student of Kalamandalam Gangadharan when the latter became a teacher in the institution. Haridas was known for a very talented student during his stay in Kalamandalam. Kalamandalam Sankaran Embranthiri, Madambi Subrahmanyan Namboothiri, Kalamandalam Hyderali and Kalamandalam Subrahmanyan were immediate seniors to Haridas in the Kathakali Music section.

In 1968, completing the course in Kalamandalam he joined Darpana, a noted performing arts institute set up the famous danseuse Mrinalini Sarabhai in Ahmedabad, as a music teacher. This stint beyond the Vindhyas exposed him to various styles of north Indian renditions, including classical Hindustani music, which in later years will become a mounted musical backup for his innovations as a kathakali singer.

A decade later, in 1978, Haridas fulfilled his ambition to get back to his home state for good when he was offered the post of music teacher at Margi in Thiruvananthapuram, where he subsequently worked for three decades.

Haridas, on his return to the world of Kathakali, began as shinkiti (accompanist singer) on stage, primarily under star musician Embranthiri, who groomed him. But eventually his melodious voice, clear enunciation of lyrics and support from friends and senior colleagues like Hyderali brought out his potential of rising to an eminent lead singer. He retained the essential emotion-laden Sopanam style of Kathakali music rendition even while infusing in it the microtone-heavy voice culture of the south Indian classical Carnatic music.[1]

The most important fact, on analyzing his musical career is the importance he has given to the characterization in kathakali, the emotional quality and depth to the ´vaccikam´, as it is observed, to achieve this will be the most challenging for any future kathakali singer. And he played a role in Shaji N Karun movie Vanaprastham as kathakali singer for Mohanlal's Kunjukuttan.

In his heyday, Haridas was one of the favourite vocal accompanists of masters like Kalamandalam Gopi, Kalamandalam Ramankutty Nair, Kottakkal Sivaraman[2] and Kalamandalam Vasu Pisharody.

Haridas has acted in two Malayalam feature films, Swaham and Vanaprastham,[3] both directed by Shaji N. Karun. He has also appeared in a few television serials.

Haridas died of an acute liver problem in a hospital in Thiruvananthapuram.[4]

A biography of Haridas, titled "Bhava Gayakan", has been published by Rainbow Books. Dr. N.P. Vijayakrishnan is the author.[5] The 2012 documentary film 'Chitharanjini: Remembering the Maestro', is focused on the musical life of Haridas.[6][7]

Haridas is survived by his wife Saraswathi and two sons – actor Sarath and Harith.


  1. ^ "Friday Review Chennai / Personality : Immortal melodies". The Hindu. 17 October 2008. Retrieved 19 February 2014.
  2. ^ http://www.hinduonnet.com/thehindu/thscrip/print.pl?file=2006101300900300.htm&date=2006/10/13/&prd=fr&[dead link]
  3. ^ "Venmani Haridas". film.com. Archived from the original on 2 December 2009. Retrieved 26 August 2018.
  4. ^ "Kerala / Thiruvananthapuram News : Venmani Haridas dead". The Hindu. 18 September 2005. Retrieved 19 February 2014.
  5. ^ "The Hindu : Entertainment Thiruvananthapuram / Music : Life and times of a singer". Hinduonnet.com. 6 May 2005. Archived from the original on 25 January 2013. Retrieved 19 February 2014.
  6. ^ Ratheesh Ramachandran (5 March 2016). ""CHITHARANJINI" – A Documentary on Kalamandalam Haridas". Retrieved 30 November 2016 – via YouTube.
  7. ^ "Kathakali award". The Hindu. 15 September 2012. Retrieved 19 February 2014.

External linksEdit