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Mountain infantry battle-dress after 1907

The k.k. Landesschützen (literal: Imperial-Royal [k.k.] country shooters) - from 16 January 1917 Kaiserschützen (literal: Imperial rifles) - has been three regiments of Austro-Hungarian mountain infantry during the kaiserliche und königliche Monarchie (literal: k.u.k. Monarchy). As a rule, only Tyrolean and Vorarlbergen men were hired in the Landesschützen.

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HistoryEdit

Established 19 December 1870 with ten Tyrolian Landesschützen (Territorial Infantry) battalions, there were two companies of mounted infantry added in 1872. In 1906 they were reorganized in the pattern of the Italian Alpini as pure mountain troops. Despite being territorial forces, the Kaiserschützen were used in the First World War in many theatres and took heavy losses.

Deployments 1914–1918Edit

They were principally deployed in opposition to the Italian Alpini. By the date of the armistice, 4 November 1918, the second and third regiments were positioned on Zugna Torta, over Monte Corno, up to Monte Spil. The first regiment were up to the Adamello-Presanella Alps.

Military awardsEdit

Members of the Kaiserschützen have been awarded the following military decorations:

Officer AwardsEdit

  • 5 Military Maria Theresa Orders
  • 4 Order of the Iron Crown 2nd Class
  • 2 military merit crosses 2nd Class
  • 29 Leopold orders
  • 166 Order of the Iron Crown 3rd Class
  • 563 military merit crosses 3rd Class
  • 427 Signum Laudis in silver
  • 1,111 Signum Laudis in bronze
  • 13 Golden Medal of Honor for officers
  • 14 silver valor medals for officers

OR AwardsEdit

  • 130 Golden Medal of Honor
  • 2,797 Silver Medal of Valor 1st Class
  • 9,820 Silver Medal of Valor 2nd Class
  • 13,025 Bronze Medal of Honor

Further readingEdit

  • Heinz von Lichem: Spielhahnstoß und Edelweiß. Stocker, Graz (1977) (in German) OL 2513490W
  • Karl Glückmann: Das Heerwesen der österreichisch-ungarischen Monarchie : für den Unterricht und das Selbststudium Vienna: L.W. Seidel & sohn (1911) (in German) OCLC 805385825
  • Georg Bartl: Tiroler Landesschützen/Kaiserschützen – Ein Rückblick Innsbruck (1930) (in German) OCLC 800808736
  • Günther Hebert: Das Alpenkorps: Aufbau, Organisation und Einsatz einer Gebirgstruppe im ersten Weltkrieg (in German) OCLC 17863075
  • H. Boldt, (1988) ISBN 3-7646-1860-4 (in German) OCLC 572387295 page 144