KUMA (Arizona)

KUMA was a radio station broadcasting in Yuma, Arizona, United States. It had operated since 1925 as KFXY, based in Flagstaff, becoming KUMA and moving to Yuma in 1932. As a result of an unauthorized transfer of control of the radio station, the Federal Communications Commission ordered its license revoked in 1939 and the station off air as of February 1, 1940.

KUMA
Frequency1420 kHz
Ownership
OwnerAlfred H. Schermann
History
First air date
December 10, 1925 (as KFXY in Flagstaff)
June 22, 1932 (as KUMA in Yuma)
Last air date
February 1, 1940
Former call signs
KFXY (1925–1932)
Former frequencies
1460 kHz (1925–1928)
Technical information
Power100 watts

HistoryEdit

KFXY in FlagstaffEdit

KUMA traces its roots to the first radio station to broadcast from Flagstaff, Arizona, KFXY, which went on air December 10, 1925.[1] KFXY operated with 25 watts from facilities backstage at the Orpheum Theater; it was put on the air by Mary M. Costigan, who was the first woman to be a licensed radio broadcaster in the state.[1] At the time she obtained the license, national newspapers in the United States claimed that Costigan was thus the only woman known to own a radio station[2] anywhere in the world.[3] After being moved from its initial frequency assignment of 1460 kHz[4] to 1420 kHz under General Order 40 in 1928,[5] the station relocated its facilities to room 105 of the Hotel Monte Vista in 1929.[1]

Costigan sold the station to Albert H. Schermann of Flagstaff; the license was assigned to Schermann on July 28, 1931.[6] The sale came the same year that Costigan left town, afraid she would witness another family death after her father and brother both died in Flagstaff.[7]

Long-distance moveEdit

On February 3, 1932, KFXY filed for a construction permit to move its facilities from Flagstaff to Yuma,[8] a relocation spanning 243 miles (391 km). The May 31, 1932 Radio Service Bulletin announced that KFXY's call letters had been changed to KUMA,[9] which it began using upon commencing broadcasts from Yuma on June 22.[10]

Schermann sold an interest in KUMA to E. B. Sturdivant, the operator of movie theaters in Yuma and Somerton, in February 1934, and in June 1935, Sturdivant took outright control of the radio station.[11] Under Sturdivant, the station commissioned a new, taller tower in 1937, built at a cost of $20,000 by D. H. Harrel of Chicago.[12]

License revocationEdit

On February 20, 1939, the Federal Communications Commission announced that it was revoking KUMA's license due to false statements made by Schermann in his application to renew it.[13] The FCC claimed that Schermann—who was still the licensee—had certified that he was in control, though Sturdivant had been operating the station for five years.[13] KUMA was ordered off the air by April 1 unless it asked for a hearing, in which case the outcome was stayed.[13] Ahead of the July 24 hearing, Sturdivant filed to take control of the KUMA facilities itself, while the Yuma Broadcasting Company, 45 percent owned by KTAR radio of Phoenix, filed to build a station at 1210 kHz.[14] The application from KTAR was significant, as KUMA was a supplementary member of its Arizona Broadcasting Company statewide chain.[15] The station also suffered through the collapse of its transmitter tower in early June, causing $5,000 in damage.[16]

The hearing was held on December 1, 1939, before FCC hearing examiner Paul Walker. At the hearing, Schermann's lawyer indicated that he was willing to relinquish the license because the station had been an unprofitable venture and the new Yuma station application, taking the KYUM call letters, had been accepted, but he requested that KUMA be allowed to remain in operation until KYUM was ready to sign on.[17] The financial difficulties had led to Schermann suing E. B. and E. N. Sturdivant in Yuma County court that July to recover $8,000 in equipment and other property,[18] a lawsuit Schermann won.[17] In a newspaper advertisement that served as a notice to creditors, E. B. Sturdivant announced that he had sold his remaining interest in KUMA to Schermann effective November 11, 1939.[19]

On January 25, 1940, the FCC announced it had upheld the revocation order and ordered KUMA off the air February 1.[20] It additionally denied Schermann the authority to keep the station running until KYUM was ready to broadcast.[21]

Radio service would return to Yuma the next month when the new KYUM began operations on March 3. KYUM became a dual-network NBC affiliate in addition to broadcasting the same Arizona Broadcasting Company programs formerly carried by KUMA.[22]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b c "Mary M. Costigan (b. 1885, d. unknown)". Arizona Women's Heritage Trail. Retrieved November 29, 2019.
  2. ^ Mack, Robert (October 9, 1925). "Woman Receives Class A Radio Station License". Oakland Tribune. p. 41. Retrieved November 29, 2019.
  3. ^ "Woman Operates Station". Evening Sun. November 14, 1925. p. 4. Retrieved November 29, 2019.
  4. ^ "Log of Broadcasting Stations" (PDF). Radio Register. April 1928. p. 19. Retrieved November 29, 2019.
  5. ^ "Arizona Radio Stations Affected In Government Re-Allocation Of Power". Arizona Republican. September 11, 1928. p. 9. Retrieved November 9, 2019.
  6. ^ "Actions of the Federal Radio Commission" (PDF). Broadcasting. November 1, 1931. p. 37. Retrieved November 29, 2019.
  7. ^ Conrad, Svea (September 15, 2019). "Forging the businesses of Flagstaff: The impact of Marianna Herman and Mary Costigan". Arizona Daily Sun. Retrieved November 29, 2019.
  8. ^ "Actions of the Federal Radio Commission" (PDF). Broadcasting. February 15, 1932. p. 26. Retrieved November 29, 2019.
  9. ^ "Broadcasting Stations, By Call Signals" (PDF). Radio Service Bulletin. May 31, 1932. p. 10. Retrieved November 29, 2019.
  10. ^ "KUMA Is New Call" (PDF). Broadcasting. June 15, 1932. p. 26. Retrieved November 29, 2019.
  11. ^ "Sturdivant Controls Yuma Radio Station". Arizona Republic. June 28, 1935. p. 2. Retrieved November 29, 2019.
  12. ^ "KUMA's Tower Is Attracting Lot Attention". The Yuma Weekly Sun and the Yuma Examiner. November 19, 1937. p. 6. Retrieved November 29, 2019.
  13. ^ a b c "License of KUMA Revoked By FCC" (PDF). Broadcasting. March 1, 1939. p. 26. Retrieved November 29, 2019.
  14. ^ "Seek New Yuma Station As KUMA Hearing Nears" (PDF). Broadcasting. July 1, 1939. p. 51. Retrieved November 29, 2019.
  15. ^ "Globe ABC Unit Power Boosted". Arizona Republic. October 12, 1939. p. 9. Retrieved April 25, 2019.
  16. ^ "Tower On Yuma Station Tumbles". Arizona Daily Star. Associated Press. June 5, 1939. p. 2. Retrieved November 29, 2019.
  17. ^ a b "Station License Hearing Is Held". Arizona Republic. December 2, 1939. p. 9. Retrieved November 29, 2019.
  18. ^ "Flagstaff Man Sues Yuma Pair". Arizona Republic. July 15, 1939. p. 6. Retrieved November 29, 2019.
  19. ^ "Notice to Creditors of Radio Station KUMA". The Yuma Weekly Sun and The Yuma Examiner. November 24, 1939. p. 9. Retrieved November 9, 2019.
  20. ^ "Board Revokes KUMA License". Arizona Republic. Associated Press. January 26, 1940. p. 11. Retrieved November 29, 2019.
  21. ^ "Station KUMA Ruled Off Air". Arizona Republic. Associated Press. February 2, 1940. p. 10. Retrieved November 29, 2019.
  22. ^ "KYUM, New Yuma Radio Station, Joins NBC Networks Today". Arizona Republic. March 15, 1940. p. 3. Retrieved November 29, 2019.