KSEG (96.9 FM, "The Eagle") is a classic rock station based in Sacramento, California. The Entercom outlet broadcasts at 96.9 MHz with an ERP of 50 kW. Its studios are located in North Highlands (with a Sacramento address) and its transmitter is near North Sacramento, just outside city limits. It is co-owned with five other Sacramento radio stations.
|Broadcast area||Sacramento, California|
|Branding||96.9 The Eagle|
|Slogan||Sacramento's Classic Rock|
|Frequency||96.9 MHz (HD Radio)|
|First air date||October 2, 1959 (as KSFM)|
|Call sign meaning||K Sacramento's EaGle|
|Former call signs||KSFM (1959–1971)|
(Entercom License, LLC)
|Sister stations||KIFM, KKDO, KRXQ, KSFM, KUDL|
KSEG signed on October 2, 1959 as KSFM, after beginning testing the previous month. It was owned by local radio personality Fred White and KXTV engineer Bob Stofan, doing business as the Audiolab Company, and broadcast a classical music format from studios and transmitter in Arden Town. In 1961, the station moved its studios and transmitter to a site on Rosebud Lane and to increase power from 6,400 to 64,000 watts.
KSFM went silent for 90 days on October 11, 1963, to permit a financial reorganization of the station. That December, a judge ordered the station to return $16,000 worth of equipment to the Collins Radio Company after not making monthly payments on its purchase. It was announced in August that the Belltone Music Company would assume operations of the silent station, with an affiliated background music service broadcast on its subcarrier; this prompted a lawsuit from Dale Flewelling, founder of KXRQ (98.5 FM). Flewelling, who had bought KSFM's existing background music business in December 1962, charged that KSFM's reentry into that market violated a non-compete clause and sought an injunction to prevent such activity at KSFM until December 1965. The Flewelling lawsuit was dismissed in January 1965.
In 1971, KSFM was acquired by PSA Broadcasting, a division of Pacific Southwest Airlines. While there were no changes in personnel as a result of the purchase, PSA changed the station from country to a beautiful music format, as its other stations had, and the call letters changed to KPSC. (The call letters KSFM were adopted by 102.5 FM in June 1972.) PSA recalled its four stations in California with designations including the letters "EZ"; KPSC thus became KEZS in 1973.
KROI, KROY-FM, KSAC and KROY againEdit
In 1975, Atlantic States Industries, owners of KROY (1240 AM), acquired KEZS; to indicate its new sister station, the call letters were changed to KROI. KROY-KROI was acquired in 1978 by Jonsson Broadcasting Corporation, with the two stations fetching $1.65 million and $1.1 million, respectively. While separately programmed from the AM station as an album-oriented rock station, KROI became KROY-FM on April 23, 1979, as the separate KROI designation confused advertisers used to the more familiar KROY call letters.
The rapid rise of KZAP after its 1978 sale to Western Cities Broadcasting gave KROY-FM a powerful competitor. In 1984, KROY-FM became adult contemporary outlet KSAC, doing what a number of Sacramento radio stations had attempted to do but fail—secure the call letters that had belonged to the radio station of Kansas State University since the early days of radio. That station had been KSAC, since the university was known as Kansas State Agricultural College when it was founded. 1984 was its 60th anniversary, and the station's longtime desire to obtain call letters containing KSU, plus a $25,000 offer from the Sacramento station and FCC deregulation, helped secure the change.
Dick Tracy, radio columnist for the Sacramento Bee, questioned Jonsson's management of its Sacramento stations, noting that "long-range ineptitude" had caused listenership to its local stations to decline considerably. Jonsson moved its stations to new quarters in the American River Commons office park.
In 1985, Jonsson sold its two Sacramento radio stations to Commonwealth Broadcasting for $12 million. Commonwealth relaunched 96.9 FM as hot adult contemporary/contemporary hit radio KROY-FM (branded as "97 KROY"), restoring the call letters that Jonsson had moved to a station in Reno, and moved KSAC to 1240 AM. Ratings surged from a 2.2 to a 5.9 in 1987, coming close to beating KSFM (102.5 FM), which had led the market overall prior to the creation of 97 KROY.
On November 12, 1990, KROY became KSEG, flipping from CHR to classic rock; the first song under the new format was "Fly Like an Eagle" by the Steve Miller Band. The move came as the CHR format was in a decline, and Sacramento had three stations in the format. The flip to classic rock put KZAP on notice and surpassed it in the ratings; ultimately, that station bowed out of the competition and flipped to country in January 1992.
KSEG attracted local attention in its early years for giving away condoms in an AIDS education campaign, while in 1993, Governor Pete Wilson took an air shift on its "Classic Nine at 9" program for his 60th birthday, taking KSEG up on a long-standing offer.
In 1993, Great American Broadcasting acquired rock outlet KRXQ (93.7 FM), which targeted a younger audience. After Jacor Communications acquired Great American, it sold both Sacramento stations to Entercom, which at the same time purchased KXOA-FM 107.9; the two Jacor pickups sold for $45 million. In the wake of the sale, KSEG dismissed its morning show team of Jeff McMurray and Mark Davis, ultimately replacing them with The Mark & Brian Show from Los Angeles.
KSEG was the Sacramento market affiliate for San Francisco 49ers game broadcasts, directly contracting with San Francisco station KGO for the rights. When the Niners changed flagships to KNBR ahead of the 2005 season, however, KSEG lost the rights alongside KGO and opted not to even pursue a new deal, citing KNBR's strong signal into Sacramento.
KSEG's HD2 subcarrier offers a blues format.
- FCC History Cards for KSEG
- "Two FM Radio Stations Plan Broadcast Start". Sacramento Bee. September 27, 1959. p. B6. Retrieved March 22, 2020.
- "FM Station Goes Off Air 90 Days To Reorganize". Sacramento Bee. October 11, 1963. p. C1. Retrieved March 22, 2020.
- "Judge Orders KSFM To Return Radio Equipment". Sacramento Bee. December 21, 1963. p. A18. Retrieved March 22, 2020.
- "Belltone Music Will Take Over KSFM". Sacramento Bee. August 2, 1964. p. E6. Retrieved March 22, 2020.
- "Radio Station Faces Suit Over Wired Music". Sacramento Bee. November 13, 1964. p. A2. Retrieved March 22, 2020.
- "Injunction To Halt KSFM Music Is Denied". Sacramento Bee. January 22, 1965. p. C2. Retrieved March 22, 2020.
- "Pacific Southwest Airlines Buys Radio Station KSFM". Sacramento Bee. August 24, 1971. p. B2. Retrieved March 22, 2020.
- "PSA Switches Call Letters". The Desert Sun. July 5, 1973. p. A11. Retrieved March 22, 2020.
- "KEZS Gets New Owner, Call Letters". Sacramento Bee. July 7, 1975. p. C19. Retrieved March 21, 2020.
- "For the Record" (PDF). Broadcasting. August 7, 1978. p. 66. Retrieved March 21, 2020.
- Tracy, Dick (March 17, 1979). "It Seemed Like Such A Simple Thing". Sacramento Bee. p. B8. Retrieved March 21, 2020.
- Tracy, Dick (July 26, 1984). "Aging radio listeners bring end to KROY rock format". Sacramento Bee. p. B3. Retrieved March 22, 2020.
- "KSAC to KEXT to KKSU". Manhattan Mercury. July 26, 1984. pp. A1, A10. Retrieved March 22, 2020.
- Tracy, Dick (May 1, 1985). "Some surprises in new Arbitron". Sacramento Bee. p. E8. Retrieved March 21, 2020.
- Dunne, Mike (October 14, 1984). "The right fluff". Sacramento Bee. pp. D1, D4. Retrieved March 22, 2020.
- Carpenter, David (May 23, 1985). "Jonsson firm selling radio stations". Sacramento Bee. p. D15. Retrieved March 21, 2020.
- Tracy, Dick (September 18, 1985). "Sue Ryan leaves post at KHYL". Sacramento Bee. p. E3. Retrieved March 21, 2020.
- Duncan, James (2004). "Sacramento" (PDF). American Radio Trilogy. Retrieved March 19, 2020.
- "Transactions" (PDF). Radio & Records. November 11, 1988. p. 8. Retrieved March 21, 2020.
- "KROY Drops CHR For Classic Rock Format" (PDF). Radio & Records. November 16, 1990. pp. 3, 26. Retrieved March 21, 2020.
- Vierria, Dan (November 13, 1990). "KROY gives up not-so-hot idea; station abandons its contemporary-hits format for '60s to '80s rock". Sacramento Bee. p. D7. Retrieved March 21, 2020.
- Barton, David (January 21, 1992). "KZAP goes country — an era comes to an end". Sacramento Bee. pp. F1, F5. Retrieved March 22, 2020.
- Vierria, Dan (June 27, 1993). "The key to AIDS education". Sacramento Bee. p. Scene 7. Retrieved March 22, 2020.
- Bernstein, Dan (August 24, 1993). "On his 60th, governor calls the tune on rock radio". Sacramento Bee. Retrieved March 22, 2020.
- "Rock stations get same owner". Sacramento Bee. November 20, 1993. p. E13. Retrieved March 22, 2020.
- "Entercom Inc. acquires 3 stations". Sacramento Bee. October 23, 1996. p. D3. Retrieved March 22, 2020.
- Vierria, Dan (March 29, 1997). "Hello Los-uh, Sacramento". Sacramento Bee. Retrieved March 22, 2020.
- du Lac, J. Freedom (April 4, 2005). "Montemayor has a new night game on KHTK". Sacramento Bee. p. C2. Retrieved March 22, 2020.
- "Sacramento HD radio guide". Archived from the original on 2011-07-13. Retrieved 2008-05-24.
- Official 96.9 The Eagle website
- KSEG in the FCC's FM station database
- KSEG on Radio-Locator
- KSEG in Nielsen Audio's FM station database