Hawaii Public Radio

(Redirected from KIPM)

Hawaiʻi Public Radio (HPR), is a network of listener-supported, public radio stations broadcasting two streams on fifteen frequencies across the state of Hawaii. It is a member of National Public Radio (NPR). The stations originate from studios at The Hawaii Public Radio Plaza on Kaheka Street, near the Ala Moana Shopping Center in Honolulu. HPR-1 focuses on news and information by day, with jazz and other music in the evening and the BBC World Service overnight. HPR-2 is mostly classical music, with some hours supplied by Classical 24.

Hawaiʻi Public Radio
TypePublic radio
United States
First air date
November 13, 1981; 42 years ago (1981-11-13)
Broadcast area
OwnerHawaiʻi Public Radio, Inc.
Official website

History edit

The network's original station, KHPR 88.1 FM, signed on the air in Honolulu on November 13, 1981. It mostly played classical music with NPR news shows, originally operating with a staff of two, General Manager Cliff Eblen and Music Director Bob Miller. Operating from rented space at the University of Hawaii, it moved to its current studios in July 1987. A year later, HPR became a true statewide network with the sign-on of a station in Maui, reaching listeners on Maui and Hawaii Island.

HPR's programming choices increased in October 1989, with a second program stream on KIPO 89.3 FM. KIPO began broadcasting jazz and folk music. In August 2000, expansion continued with the addition of KANO 91.1 (Hilo), broadcasting KHPR's classical music and news program stream to East Hawaiʻi Island. In 2010, two new boosters were installed on Mt. Kaʻala on Oʻahu's North Shore, beaming both KHPR 88.1 and KIPO 89.3 at the terrain-shielded North Shore, as well as at the south and east shores of Kauaʻi (June). The following year, expansion of the KIPO signal to Maui was implemented and KIPM 89.7 went on the air in the spring. KIPH 88.3, serving Hāna, Maui, began service shortly after.[1]

With these infrastructure additions, statewide coverage of two streams became possible, and in the spring of 2012, the two HPR program streams were rebranded as HPR-1 and HPR-2.[1]

On February 13, 2013, KHPH 88.7 (Kailua-Kona) brought HPR programs to the many terrain-shielded pockets along West Hawaiʻi, including Waimea. That same year, KIPL 89.9 (Līhuʻe) went on the air, making available HPR-2ʻs news, talk, and international music available to the majority the remaining areas of Kauaʻi island.[1]

Programming edit

HPR-1 offers news and talk by day, a variety of music programming in the evening and BBC World Service overnight. The daytime schedule includes NPR's weekday shows: Morning Edition, All Things Considered, Here and Now, On Point and Fresh Air. Also on the schedule is HPR's own weekday news and current affairs program The Conversation. Weeknights feature Evening Jazz and Bridging the Gap, an eclectic music program; both music shows produced in-house. Saturday programming includes This American Life, Wait Wait... Don't Tell Me!, The Moth Radio Hour and Radiolab, as well as locally produced Brazilian Experience, showcasing Brazilian music. Sundays feature a mix of spirituality programming (On Being and New Dimensions), ideas (TED Radio Hour) as well as music shows include Kanakapila Sunday, showcasing Hawaiian music, and American Routes. Overnight, the BBC World Service is carried.[2]

HPR-2 ("Your Home for Classical Music") is Hawaii's only dedicated classical music station, offering a mix of national and locally produced shows. Local shows include Morning Cafe/Morning Concert, Classical Pacific, Howard's Day Off, and The Early Muse. The station also broadcasts symphony performances from Pittsburgh, Chicago, San Francisco, and others. Select performances of the Hawaii Symphony Orchestra and the Hawaii Youth Symphony are also broadcast.[3] Late nights and some hours on weekends, Classical 24 programming is heard.

Stations edit

The transmitter site on Puʻu Ohiʻa (Tantalus (Oahu))

HPR operates as two distinct services. "HPR-1," based on KHPR, originally focused on classical music and fine arts programming. "HPR-2," based on KIPO, originally aired NPR news and talk, along with jazz and blues music at night. On February 14, 2017, Hawaii Public Radio realigned its two program services — HPR-1 now carries news and talk and jazz, while HPR-2 switched to classical music. From the very beginning, HPR intended to offer two distinct programming services when it acquired the resources and transmitters to do so.[4] Both services have been streamed live on the Internet since 2001.

In addition to the main signals, there are six low-power translator stations that fill in gaps in coverage.[5] HPR-1 and HPR-2 are also available on cable systems Charter Spectrum (digital channels 864 and 865) and Hawaiian Telcom TV (digital channels 661 and 662) in the entire state of Hawaii.[6]

Until September 2008, the signal of KIPO was limited to 3,000 watts to avoid interference with Federal Communications Commission (FCC) and Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) monitoring stations in Pearl City. This effectively limited its coverage to the south shore of Oahu. A new 26,000 watt transmitter for KIPO went on the air on September 20, 2008, enabling the signal of KIPO to reach all areas of Oahu. Plans are in the works to expand the HPR-2 stream to the other islands as well. In April 2011 KIPM in Wailuku signed as KIPO's satellite outlet.[7] Two more HPR-2 satellites signed on over the next three years, enabling Hawaii Public Radio to realign its services into a true two-channel network.

HPR-1 service edit

Call sign Frequency City of license FID ERP (W) HAAT Class Transmitter coordinates FCC info
KANO 89.1 FM Hilo, Hawaii 26449 18,000 219.8 m (721 ft) C2 19°31′14″N 155°17′58″W / 19.52056°N 155.29944°W / 19.52056; -155.29944 (KANO) LMS
KHPH 88.7 FM Kailua, Hawaii 173751 6,500 931.5 m (3,056 ft) C0 19°43′15″N 155°55′16″W / 19.72083°N 155.92111°W / 19.72083; -155.92111 (KHPH) LMS
KHPR 88.1 FM Honolulu, Hawaii 26446 39,000 514 m (1,686 ft) C0 21°20′0.5″N 157°48′53.1″W / 21.333472°N 157.814750°W / 21.333472; -157.814750 (KHPR) LMS
KIPL 89.9 FM Lihue, Hawaii 174337 1,000 537.4 m (1,763 ft) C2 21°58′24.3″N 159°29′44.6″W / 21.973417°N 159.495722°W / 21.973417; -159.495722 (KIPL) LMS
KJHF 103.1 FM Kualapuu, Hawaii 198744 3,400 511 m (1,677 ft) C2 20°50′41″N 156°54′4″W / 20.84472°N 156.90111°W / 20.84472; -156.90111 (KJHF) LMS
KKUA 90.7 FM Wailuku, Hawaii 26437 14,500 1,752 m (5,748 ft) C 20°42′22.5″N 156°15′38.8″W / 20.706250°N 156.260778°W / 20.706250; -156.260778 (KKUA) LMS
Broadcast translators for HPR-1
Call sign Frequency City of license FID ERP (W) HAAT Class FCC info Notes
K203EL 88.5 FM Haleiwa, Etc., Hawaii 26432 250 714 m (2,343 ft) D LMS Also serves Schofield Barracks
K235CN 94.9 FM Waimea, Hawaii 144118 10 92 m (302 ft) D LMS On the Big Island

HPR-2 service edit

Call sign Frequency City of license FID ERP (W) HAAT Class Transmitter coordinates FCC info
KAHU 91.3 FM Pahala, Hawaii 173928 18,000 219.8 m (721 ft) C2 19°31′14″N 155°17′58″W / 19.52056°N 155.29944°W / 19.52056; -155.29944 (KAHU) LMS
KIPH 88.3 FM Hana, Hawaii 172436 250 −41.7 m (−137 ft) A 20°45′3.5″N 156°0′17.1″W / 20.750972°N 156.004750°W / 20.750972; -156.004750 (KIPH) LMS
KIPM 89.7 FM Waikapu, Hawaii 172438 14,500 1,752 m (5,748 ft) C 20°42′22.5″N 156°15′38.8″W / 20.706250°N 156.260778°W / 20.706250; -156.260778 (KIPM) LMS
KIPO 89.3 FM Honolulu, Hawaii 26440 38,500 514 m (1,686 ft) C0 21°20′0.5″N 157°48′53.1″W / 21.333472°N 157.814750°W / 21.333472; -157.814750 (KIPO) LMS
Broadcast translators for HPR-2
Call sign Frequency City of license FID ERP (W) HAAT Class FCC info Notes
K239BV 95.7 FM Waimea, Hawaii 144121 110 870 m (2,854 ft) D LMS From Kawaihae to Captain Cook on the Big Island
K264BL 100.7 FM Honolulu, Hawaii 6902 10 656 m (2,152 ft) D LMS Serves East Oahu
K269GD 101.7 FM Moloaa, Hawaii 146273 80 75 m (246 ft) D LMS On Kauai
K283CR 104.5 FM Waimea, Hawaii 144125 100 91 m (299 ft) D LMS On the Big Island

References edit

  1. ^ a b c "History of HPR". www.hawaiipublicradio.org. Retrieved 2019-11-21.
  2. ^ "HPR-1 Schedule". www.hawaiipublicradio.org. Retrieved 2019-11-21.
  3. ^ "HPR-2 Schedule". www.hawaiipublicradio.org. Retrieved 2019-11-21.
  4. ^ "HPR Program Realignment - February 14, 2017". hawaiipublicradio.org. Retrieved 20 April 2018.
  5. ^ Where to Listen
  6. ^ Digital Cable Program Guide / Lineups Archived 2011-02-25 at the Wayback Machine - Oceanic Time Warner Cable (accessed March 20, 2011)
  7. ^ "Hawaii Public Radio.org - KIPO Transmitter Move Update". Archived from the original on 2009-08-20. Retrieved 2009-10-30.

External links edit