All-Russian Scientific Research Institute of Experimental Physics
The All-Russian Scientific Research Institute of Experimental Physics (Russian: Всероссийский научно-исследовательский институт экспериментальной физики) is a research institute based in Sarov (formerly Arzamas-16), Russia and established in 1947. During the Soviet era it was known as KB-11, and usually referred to as Arzamas-16. It is currently part of the Rosatom group.
|Federal State Unitary Enterprise|
The All-Russian Scientific Research Institute of Experimental Physics (VNIIEhF) is the former Soviet Union's premier research and development center for nuclear weapons. The first Soviet atomic bomb was developed here in the late 1940s, after which the center continued as a center for nuclear weapons research.
Many of the Soviet Union's best physicists were associated with Arzamas-16: Academician Andrey D. Sakharov worked here for nearly 20 years, and Academician Yuliy B. Khariton still served as the Center's scientific head in the 1990s.
Before being given its current name, the facility was successively known as the Volga Office, KB-11, Object No. 550, "Kremlev", "Center 300, Moscow", Arzamas-75 and Arzamas-16.
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