Piano Sonata No. 2 (Mozart)
|Piano Sonata in F major|
|by W. A. Mozart|
The young composer, a 1777 copy of a lost painting
|Catalogue||K. 280 / 189e|
|Movements||Three (Allegro assai, Adagio, Presto)|
The first movement of the sonata is in sonata form, and consists of three themes of new material, a development, in which the themes from the exposition are varied and combined, and a recapitulation, in which the exposition is repeated and varied. The sonata begins with the first theme of the exposition, which itself begins with a forte arpeggiated chord, followed by three thirds. The theme next contains a series of falling quarter notes over block chords and Alberti bass, rapid sixteenth notes, and falling fifths. The second theme consists of legato triplets in the right hand over octaves in the left. The theme is somewhat chromatic, with frequent accidentals. The third theme is mostly quarter and eighth notes with an irregular accompaniment. The exposition ends with a C major chord. The development and recapitulation follow, varying and combining these themes before restating them, as is normal in sonata form.
The second movement of the sonata is an adagio in F minor. It is the only piano sonata by Mozart with a slow movement in a minor key. While not marked as such, the movement is a siciliana. The mood of this movement is mournful and tragic, with the opening somewhat resembling a funeral march. Estonian composer Arvo Pärt's 1992 (rev. 2005) piece Mozart's Adagio reimagined the music from this movement in a work for violin, cello and piano.
The sonata ends with a presto (sonata form) in F major. It is relatively short for a presto, taking between two and three minutes to play.
A typical performance takes about 14 minutes.
- Sonate in F KV 280: Score in the Neue Mozart-Ausgabe
- Piano Sonata No. 2: Scores at the International Music Score Library Project (IMSLP)
- Recording played by Harvard Fellow Seda Röder
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