Justiciar of Lothian

The Justiciar of Lothian (in Norman-Latin, Justiciarus Laudonie) was an important legal office in the High Medieval Kingdom of Scotland.

The Justiciars of Lothian were responsible for the administration of royal justice in the province of Lothian, a much larger area than the modern Lothian, covering Scotland south of the Forth and Clyde,[full citation needed] outwith Galloway, which had its own Justiciar of Galloway and the lands north of the River Forth and River Clyde by the Justiciar of Scotia. The institution may date to the reign of King David I (died 1153), whose godson David Olifard was the first attested Justiciar. The Justiciars of Lothian, although not magnates of the stature of the typical Justiciar of Scotia, were significant landowners and not creatures of the kings.

List of Justiciars of Lothian, (incomplete)Edit


  1. ^ Chartulary of the abbey of Lindores, 1195-1479,https://archive.org/stream/chartularyofabbe00linduoft/chartularyofabbe00linduoft_djvu.txt, page 271
  2. ^ Harvey, Charles C.H., & MacLeod, John, editors,Calendar of Writs preserved at Yester House 1166-1625, Scottish Record Society, Edinburgh, 1930, p.9, no.15, where he is described as Sir Alan Durward "Justicario Scocie" on 30 July 1250.
  3. ^ Miscellaneous Charter no.1236, Durham University Archive (available on-line)
  4. ^ Foedera, p228
  5. ^ Munimenti de Melros, Vol II p.385
  6. ^ Mackenzie, Sir George, Precedency p39
  7. ^ Nisbet, Alexander, Systems of Heraldry, vol.II, part 4, p63, 1722/1984
  8. ^ Exchequer Rolls, 1337, vol.1, p452 - "Robertum de Lawedre, Justiciarium Laudonie", a member of the Council of the Regency
  9. ^ The Great Seal of Scotland, vol.1, 1306-1424, edited by John Maitland Thomson, LL.D., Edinburgh, 1984, numerous mentions as Justicary of the Lothians. See indices.
  10. ^ Exchequer Rolls, 1371, vol.2, p394,p.462
  11. ^ Reid, John J., B.A., F.S.A.Scot., "Early Notices of the Bass Rock and its Owners" in Proceedings of the Society of Antiquaries of Scotland, 14 December 1885, p.59.


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  • Barrow, G.W.S., "The Justiciar", op.cit., pp. 68–111.
  • Liber Sancte Marie de Melros: munimenta vetustiora monasterii cisterciensis de Melros, ed. Cosmo Innes 1837.[1]
  • Rymer, Thomas,Foedera Conventiones, Literae et cuiuscunque generis Acta Publica inter Reges Angliae. London. 1745. (Latin) [2]