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Junius Bassus in a chariot, opus sectile panel from the basilica of Junius Bassus on the Esquiline Hill

Iunius Annius Bassus was a praetorian prefect of the Roman Empire from 318 to 331, during which time he also held the consulate. Several laws in the Codex Theodosianus are addressed to him. His son Junius Bassus was praefectus urbi, and his sarcophagus from 359 CE is one of the most decorative late antique sarcophagi adorned with two registers of Christian scenes.

He built the basilica of Junius Bassus on the Esquiline Hill in Rome, famous for its opus sectile decoration.


  • Elsner, J.R., Imperial Rome and Christian Triumph: The Art of the Roman Empire AD 100-450, Oxford University Press, 1998, ISBN 0-19-284201-3, p. 192.
  • Martindale, John Robert, and Arnold Hugh Martin Jones, The Prosopography of the Later Roman Empire, Cambridge University Press, 1971, ISBN 0-521-07233-6, pp. 154–155.
Political offices
Preceded by
Aurelius Valerius Tullianus Symmachus
Consul of the Roman Empire
Served alongside: Ablabius
Succeeded by
Lucius Papius Pacatianus,
Maecilius Hilarianus
Preceded by
Praetorian prefect of Italy
Succeeded by