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June Rose Callwood, CC OOnt (June 2, 1924 – April 14, 2007) was a Canadian journalist, author and social activist. She was known as "Canada's Conscience".

June Callwood
June Callwood.jpg
June Rose Callwood

June 2, 1924
DiedApril 14, 2007(2007-04-14) (aged 82)[1]
Toronto, Ontario, Canada
Notable credit(s)
Order of Canada
Order of Ontario
Toronto Arts Foundation Lifetime Achievement Award
Canadian News Hall of Fame inductee
Spouse(s)Trent Frayne
ChildrenJill Frayne
Brant Frayne
Jesse Frayne
Casey Frayne

June achieved acclaim and a loyal following for her thousands of articles and columns for national newspapers and magazines, including Macleans and Chatelaine.[2] She solidified her name by founding charities that specializes to serve certain communities in Canada; among the dozens of charities the famous ones she founded are Nellie’s, (one of Canada’s first shelters for women in crisis), Jessie’s Centre for Teenagers (now the June Callwood Centre for Women and Families), and Casey House, Canada’s first HIV/AIDS hospice.[3]



She was born in Chatham, Ontario and grew up in nearby Belle River, with her younger sister Jane Callwood.[4][5] Her mother was the daughter of a Metis bootlegger and her father was the son of a magistrate. Her parents' marriage was deeply troubled, and despite the affection shown to her by her grandparents, Callwood's childhood was marked by adversity. They were desperately poor, moving at night from one house to another. Finally her childhood came to an abrupt end when her father left the family and she was forced to drop out of high school to earn an income.


Callwood began her journalism career at her high school, Brantford Collegiate Institute, where she was editor of the school paper.[6] She later worked for the Brantford Expositor,[6] as a cub reporter.[7] During this this, in the midst of World War II, June was earning $7.50 a week, half of which she gave to her mother for rent.[8] In 1942, she was offered a job with The Globe and Mail and moved to Toronto. She married journalist Trent Frayne two years later, but continued to use her own surname because The Globe and Mail at that time did not employ married women.[9]

She left The Globe and Mail to raise a family but later resumed her career by becoming a freelance journalist, writing books and magazine pieces, many for Maclean's. In the spring of 1957, she interviewed Elvis Presley in Toronto, during the singer's 1st tour of Canada. Soon after, Callwood ghost-wrote close to ten autobiographies for such prominent Americans as broadcaster Barbara Walters, film director Otto Preminger and Dr. Charles William Mayo.[10] Frayne and Callwood also hosted the CBC Television talk show The Fraynes in the 1954-55 television season.

Callwood later entered television journalism, hosting the series In Touch on CBC Television from 1975 to 1978.[6] She also hosted two series, National Treasure and Caregiving with June Callwood, for Vision TV.[6]

Callwood's career was marked by a strong concern for social justice, especially on issues affecting children and women. She became one of Canada's most famous social justice activists, founding or co-founding over 50 Canadian social action organizations including youth and women's hostels. She founded Casey House (a Toronto hospice for people with AIDS), Jessie's (now called Jessie's: The June Callwood Centre for Young Women[11]), PEN Canada, the Canadian Civil Liberties Association, and Feminists Against Censorship.[6]

In 2004, Callwood went public about her battle with cancer. She refused treatment and continued to be active until she succumbed to the disease in the morning of April 14, 2007. Callwood was last seen on TV on April 2, 2007 in the CBC show The Hour, interviewed by George Stroumboulopoulos.[9]

A biography, written by Anne Dublin and entitled June Callwood: A Life of Action, was published in March 2007.[12]


Despite her rich career, June felt the strong urge to not simply write about the injustice she came across as a journalist, but also to help. She was able to expose the tears in Canada's social fabric, and further envision ways to mend them. A few charities June founded and became well-establishments that impacts Canadians are:

  • Digger House (est. 1960's) a shelter for homeless youth
  • Nellie's (est. 1974) one of Canada's first shelters for women in crisis
  • Jessie's Centre (est. 1982) a centre for pregnant teens and young mothers
  • Casey House (est. 1988) a hospital geared towards patients with HIV/AIDS. At the beginning of it's establishment, Casey House was the first hospice in the world to provide support and palliative care for people with HIV/AIDS.

June's other works of activism include being a founding member of PEN Canada and Maggie's Toronto Prostitutes' Community Service Project, and fought for women's right to reproductive choice at a particularly contentious time. She also co-founded the Canadian Civil Liberties Association and Feminists Against Censorship, wading into 3 bitter debates about pornography and freedom of expression.


In 1978, she was made a member of the Order of Canada. She was promoted to Officer in 1985, and promoted again to Companion in 2000.[13] In 1988, she was awarded the Order of Ontario. She was inducted into the Etobicoke Hall of Fame in 1992.

In 2004, the City of Toronto noted its intention to name a street in Callwood's honour. Callwood requested that an existing street not be renamed for her, and specified that it be a new or currently unnamed street near a school or a playground. The street is June Callwood Way and is in the neighbourhood of Queen Street East and Broadview Avenue. June Callwood was named Toronto Humanist of the Year 2004 by The Humanist Association of Toronto.[14] This yearly honour is presented by H.A.T. to men and women who, in their actions, and creative endeavours, exemplify the principles of Humanism: a commitment to reason, compassion, ethics and human dignity.

In July 2005, a Toronto park [15] was named after Callwood. A professorship in social justice was also established at Victoria College, University of Toronto in her honour.[16] In 2008, Premier Dalton McGuinty declared June 2 of every year to be June Callwood Day.

In 2011, June Rose Callwood Public School, located at 84 Edward Street in St. Thomas, Ontario, was named in her honour.

Personal lifeEdit

Callwood and Frayne had four children together: two daughters and two sons. The daughters are noted authors Jesse and Jill Frayne, and the elder son is Brant Frayne.[6] The second son and youngest child, Casey Frayne, was killed on April 19, 1982, when he was 20 years old, by a drunk driver [17] on Highway 401 as he returned home from Queen's University. Callwood's death came only days before the 25th anniversary of her son's death.

Despite June's accomplished activism career, she was met with strong heavily obstacles that attacked her public image. A brief bump in her activism career was in 1968 she was arrested and briefly spent time in the Don Jail after siding with homeless Yorkville kids in a battle with police. June's most painful obstacle was in 1991, while on the board at Nellie's, when a number of women she considered friends failed to stand up for her in the face of unfounded allegations of racism.[18] "Nobody asked what happened," says Callwood, "you didn't have to do anything in those days. You just had to be in the way of legitimate rage. It woke people up...but a few of us got our heads kicked in."[19][20]This controversy forced June to withdraw fro public life for a time. Although many who knew her defended her vigorously, and some vindication came her way when she was awarded the Harmony Award in 2003 for her work in fighting discrimination, she was deeply wounded. June did eventually return to her work despite the damage done to her reputation. June did eventually return to her work despite the damage done to her reputation, focusing most particularly on fighting child poverty as a spokeperson for the Campaign Against Child Poverty. [21]

During this low period of forced withdrawal from the public; at the age of 70[22] Callwood obtained her pilot's licence in the late 1940s[6] and maintained the licence throughout her life.[9] "I wanted something to get above the muck and I guess I did it more literally than most people," June said. [23]

In response to all of the honours June had received, she was known to laugh at the irony of all these accolades for a high-school dropout-"with a criminal record," she was always quick to add. [24]

June was regularly dubbed "Canada's Conscience," "Canada's Mother Theresa" and "Saint June" by the media, Callwood generally shied away from organized religion. "I am missing a formal religion, but I am not without a theology, and my theology is that kindness is a divinity in motion," she said in a 2005 speech delivered as the first lecture in the June Callwood Professorship in Social Justice at Victoria College at the University of Toronto.[25]

Selected worksEdit

  • Love, Hate, Fear and Anger — 1964
  • Canadian Women and the Law — 1974
  • The Law Is Not for Women — 1976
  • Portrait of Canada — 1981
  • Emma: A True Story of Treason — 1984
  • Emotions — 1986
  • Twelve Weeks in Spring — 1986
  • Jim: A Life With AIDS — 1988
  • The Sleepwalker — 1990
  • Portrait of Canada — 1991
  • June Callwood's National Treasures — 1994
  • Trial Without Endd: A Shocking Story of Women and AIDS — 1995
  • The Man Who Lost Himself: The Terry Evanshen Story — 2000 (about CFL player Terry Evanshen)

Notes and referencesEdit

  1. ^ Werner Bergen. "June Callwood, festival friend". Peterborough Examiner, April 16, 2007.
  2. ^ "Canada's Conscience: A Biography June Callwood, C.C., O.Ont., LL.D." (PDF). line feed character in |title= at position 33 (help)
  3. ^ "June Callwood".
  4. ^ Martin, Sandra (April 14, 2007). "Journalist, activist June Callwood dies at 82". The Globe and Mail. Retrieved 2016-02-13.
  5. ^ CBC Arts (April 14, 2007). "June Callwood, Canada's social conscience, dies at 82". CBC. Retrieved 2007-04-14.
  6. ^ a b c d e f g Dunphy, Catherine; Black, Debra (2007-04-14). "Activist Callwood dies at 82". Toronto Star. Retrieved 2007-04-14.
  7. ^ "Canada's Conscience: A Biography June Callwood, C.C., O.Ont., LL.D." (PDF). line feed character in |title= at position 33 (help)
  8. ^ "Canada's Conscience: A Biography June Callwood, C.C., O.Ont., LL.D." (PDF). line feed character in |title= at position 33 (help)
  9. ^ a b c "June Callwood on The Hour". CBC. 2007-04-02. Retrieved 2007-04-18.
  10. ^ "Callwood as ghostwriter". CBC. 1979-09-21. Retrieved 2007-04-14.
  11. ^ "Jessie's, web site".
  12. ^ Dublin, A. (2007). June Callwood: A Life of Action. Second Story Press. ISBN 9781897187142.
  13. ^ Office of the Governor General of Canada. Order of Canada citation. Queen's Printer for Canada. Retrieved 26 May 2010
  14. ^ "The HAT Newsletter" (PDF). 64 (May/June 2004). The Humanist Association of Toronto. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2016-03-04.
  15. ^ Toronto names park after June Callwood
  16. ^ Callwood honoured with professorship
  17. ^ CBC Arts (April 19, 1987). "Struck By Tragedy". CBC. Retrieved 2007-04-19.
  18. ^ "Canada's Conscience: A Biography June Callwood, C.C., O.Ont., LL.D" (PDF). line feed character in |title= at position 33 (help)
  19. ^ "June Callwood's special blend of journalism and activism".
  20. ^ "Canada's Conscience: A Biography June Callwood, C.C., O.Ont., LL.D." (PDF). line feed character in |title= at position 33 (help)
  21. ^ "Canada's Conscience: A Biography June Callwood, C.C., O.Ont., LL.D." (PDF). line feed character in |title= at position 33 (help)
  22. ^ "Canada's Conscience: A Biography June Callwood, C.C., O.Ont., LL.D" (PDF). line feed character in |title= at position 33 (help)
  23. ^ "Canada's Conscience: A Biography June Callwood, C.C., O.Ont., LL.D" (PDF). line feed character in |title= at position 33 (help)
  24. ^ "Canada's Conscience: A Biography June Callwood, C.C., O.Ont., LL.D." (PDF). line feed character in |title= at position 33 (help)
  25. ^ "Canada's Conscience: A Biography June Callwood, C.C., O.Ont., LL.D" (PDF). line feed character in |title= at position 33 (help)