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June 1954 Iraqi parliamentary election

Parliamentary elections were held in Iraq on 9 June 1954, although they were delayed until 14 June in some areas due to social upheaval.[1] The Constitutional Union Party remained the largest party, winning 50 of the 135 seats, although 53 were won by independents.[1] Despite the government creating obstacles for opposition candidates, they were described as "undoubtedly the freest elections in Iraqi history" in 2001.[2]

June 1954 Iraqi parliamentary election

← 1953 9 June 1954 1954 (Sep) →

All 135 seats in the National Assembly
68 seats were needed for a majority
  First party Second party
  Nuri al-Said.png Sayyid Salih Jabr.jpg
Leader Nuri as-Said Sayyid Salih Jabr
Party CUP SNP
Last election 67 8
Seats won 50 21
Seat change Decrease17 Increase13

Prime Minister before election

Arshad al-Umari
Independent

Elected Prime Minister

Arshad al-Umari
Independent

ResultsEdit

Party Votes % Seats +/–
Constitutional Union Party 50 –17
Socialist Nation Party 21 +13
National Patriotic Front 10 New
United Popular Front 1 –10
Independents 53 +5
Invalid/blank votes
Total 135 0
Source: Nohlen et al.

AftermathEdit

Due to his concerns about the opposition's strength, Nuri al-Said sought to dissolve the parliament.[3] King Faisal II dissolved the newly elected parliament on 3 August and early elections were held in September.[2]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b Dieter Nohlen, Florian Grotz & Christof Hartmann (2001) Elections in Asia: A data handbook, Volume I, p101 ISBN 0-19-924958-X
  2. ^ a b Nohlen et al, p86
  3. ^ "انتخابات 1954، وكيف اجهضت السلطة فوز الجبهة الوطنية بحل المجلس النيابي". Al-Mada. 2015.