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Juncus capitatus is a species of rush known by the common names dwarf rush[2] and leafybract dwarf rush.[3] It is native to Europe, Asia and North Africa. It is also an introduced species in parts of North America such as California and the Gulf Coast. It grows in moist areas, such as wet sand, vernal pools, and ditches. This is a small annual herb not exceeding ten centimeters in height. The stems are erect and thready, flat or somewhat corrugated. The leaves are basal and up to 3 or 4 centimeters long. The plant is green to red or brownish in color. Each stem bears an inflorescence of up to six clustered flowers. The pointed bracts at the base of the inflorescence are often over a centimeter long, longer the flower cluster itself, and are somewhat leaflike, giving the species its common name. Each flower has pointed outer tepals and thinner, shorter, oval-shaped inner tepals. There are three stamens. The fruit is a tiny oval-shaped capsule one to two millimeters long.

Juncus capitatus
Juncus capitatus Sturm9.jpg
1796 illustration[1]
Scientific classification edit
Kingdom: Plantae
Clade: Angiosperms
Clade: Monocots
Clade: Commelinids
Order: Poales
Family: Juncaceae
Genus: Juncus
J. capitatus
Binomial name
Juncus capitatus


  1. ^ from Deutschlands Flora in Abbildungen. Author: Johann Georg Sturm. Painter: Jacob Sturm.
  2. ^ "BSBI List 2007". Botanical Society of Britain and Ireland. Archived from the original (xls) on 2015-01-25. Retrieved 2014-10-17.
  3. ^ "Juncus capitatus". Natural Resources Conservation Service PLANTS Database. USDA. Retrieved 22 January 2016.

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