Judy Hoback Miller

Judith Hoback Miller (born May 10, 1937)[1] is a person who acted as an investigative source in the Watergate scandal in 1972 during the presidency of Richard Nixon. She served as the bookkeeper for the Committee for the Re-Election of the President.[2]

Judy Hoback Miller
Judith Graham

(1937-05-10) May 10, 1937 (age 83)
Spouse(s)James Hoback (1938-1970; his death)
Grover Miller (1984–present)

Personal lifeEdit

Miller was born in Pennsylvania, the daughter of Lois (née Litchfield, 1899–1955) and Charles Luther Graham (1895–1951). Her father was an athletic coach at West Chester University with its swimming pool named in his honor.[3] He had served in World War I and is buried at Arlington National Cemetery with her mother. She has two brothers, Ross Graham and David Graham (d. 2013).[4]

Miller was married and had a daughter Kelly with her first husband James Hoback (1938–1970), who died of a heart attack. In 1984, she married Grover Miller, owner of the firm H&M Marketing, for which she worked as the accountant. Miller is retired and lives in Florida with her second husband. Her daughter is a teacher.[5][6]


Miller (then Hoback) was working as the bookkeeper for Richard Nixon's re-election campaign in 1972 when Bob Woodward and Carl Bernstein contacted her for information. Woodward has stated that she was just as important as Deep Throat for unveiling the Watergate Scandal because she had knowledge about where money was going and who it was coming from.[7]

Hoback was one of the few people who talked freely with Woodward and Bernstein, allowing them to come to her home, although she has stated she was "pretty nervous and scared" and was "frustrated that the truth wasn't coming out". She had notified the FBI and felt it was not handling the investigation properly.[8] She revealed to Woodward and Bernstein that evidence of financial misconduct had been destroyed, and some of the committee members, including G. Gordon Liddy and Jeb Stuart Magruder, were receiving payouts from a secret fund. This information advanced the investigation that led to Richard Nixon's resignation as president of the United States.[9][10]

Portrayal in mediaEdit

In the 1976 film All the President's Men, actress Jane Alexander portrayed Judy Hoback, who is referred to as "The Bookkeeper" in the screenplay. Alexander met with Hoback to prepare for the role, and the production rented Hoback's former home for her character's scenes. Some historians[who?] have criticized the film for downplaying the importance of Hoback's role in the scandal. Jane Alexander was nominated for the Academy Award for Best Supporting Actress for her performance.[11]


  1. ^ Judy Hoback public record accessed 8-2-2015
  2. ^ Bookkeeper was Watergate Source accessed 8-2-2015
  3. ^ Charles Graham at West Chester accessed 8-2-2015
  4. ^ David Graham Obituary accessed 8-2-2015
  5. ^ The Women of Watergate accessed 8-2-2015
  6. ^ Secrets of the FBI accessed 8-2-2015
  7. ^ Woodward downplays Deepthroat accessed 8-2-2015
  8. ^ Judy Hoback Miller interview accessed 8-2-2015
  9. ^ History of Watergate accessed 8-2-2015
  10. ^ Watergate, The Scandal accessed 8-2-2015
  11. ^ Watergate revisited accessed 8-2-2015