Ernest Judson Wilson (February 28, 1894 – June 24, 1963), nicknamed "Boojum", was an American third baseman, first baseman, and manager in Negro league baseball. He played for the Baltimore Black Sox, the Homestead Grays, and the Philadelphia Stars between 1922 and 1945. Wilson was known for possessing a unique physique, a quick temper, and outstanding hitting skills. One of the Negro leagues' most powerful hitters, his career batting average of .351 ranks him among the top five players.
|Born: February 28, 1894|
|Died: June 24, 1963 (aged 69)|
|Negro leagues debut|
|1922, for the Baltimore Black Sox|
|1945, for the Homestead Grays|
|Career highlights and awards|
|Member of the National|
|Baseball Hall of Fame|
|Election Method||Negro League Committee|
Wilson was posthumously elected to the Baseball Hall of Fame in 2006, one of 17 black Negro league or pre-Negro league players inducted that year.
Wilson debuted for the Baltimore Black Sox in 1922. Though Wilson was referred to as "Babe Ruth Wilson" by the media, his teammates nicknamed him "Boojum" after the noise his line drives made after striking the outfield fences. The team went on a 12-game winning streak after Wilson joined the club. He finished his first season with a .390 batting average and a team high in home runs. The Black Sox joined the Eastern Colored League in 1923. Wilson hit .373 that season, leading the league. However, the team finished in last place, prompting the hiring of Pete Hill as the team's manager.
Wilson moved to the Homestead Grays for 1931 and part of 1932, finishing that season with the Pittsburgh Crawfords. He joined the Philadelphia Stars in 1933. In the 1934 Negro National League playoffs, Wilson struck an umpire but was not removed from the game. The incident raised questions about the league's ability to enforce rules against the top players and the most influential teams. In 1940, Wilson returned to the Homestead Grays. He played with the team through 1945, when he was 49 years old.
Struggling with his fielding skills, Wilson often blocked or knocked down batted balls rather than catching them with his glove. Because of his strong arm, he was still able to throw runners out on such plays. He had an unusual physique, standing 5'8" and weighing 195 pounds with a large torso, a small waist, bowed legs and pigeon toe. Pitcher Satchel Paige claimed that Wilson and Chino Smith were the two toughest outs he ever faced (Wilson hit .375 against Paige). Catcher Josh Gibson said that Wilson was the best hitter in baseball.
Wilson was known for a bad temper and a willingness to get into physical altercations. His friend Jake Stephens said, "The minute he saw an umpire, he became a maniac." A well-circulated story involved Wilson holding Stephens out of a 16th story window by one leg after Stephens came in late and woke him. Others, including Judy Johnson and Ted Page, described him as different off the field. "He'd do anything in the world for you," Johnson said. Late in his career, Wilson developed epilepsy. During a Negro World Series game, Wilson began to draw circles in the dirt and was said to be unaware of his surroundings.
After retiring, he worked on a road construction crew in Washington, D.C. He had to be institutionalized late in life. Wilson died at age 69 in Washington, D.C. and was buried in Arlington National Cemetery.
Wilson was elected to the Baseball Hall of Fame by the Negro Leagues Committee in 2006. Wilson was elected in a class of 17 Negro league and black pre-Negro league inductees, the largest such group inducted in Hall of Fame history. Hall of Fame officials did not think that Wilson had any living relatives, but a great-niece heard about his scheduled induction and was able to attend the ceremony on his behalf. In 2010, the Washington Nationals honored Wilson and five other Homestead Grays in the Hall of Fame by including them in a Hall of Fame Ring of Honor at Nationals Park.
- "Pioneering Ballplayer, Unsung Star". Free Lance-Star Publishing Company. Archived from the original on August 8, 2013. Retrieved August 7, 2013.
- Riley, James (2012). Of Monarchs and Black Barons: Essays on Baseball's Negro Leagues. McFarland. pp. 94–95. ISBN 0786491302. Retrieved January 2, 2015.
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- McNeil, William (2000). Baseball's Other All-Stars: The Greatest Players from the Negro Leagues, the Japanese Leagues, the Mexican League, and the Pre-1960 Winter Leagues in Cuba, Puerto Rico and the Dominican Republic. McFarland. p. 106. ISBN 0786407840. Retrieved January 2, 2015.
- "Jud Wilson Negro League Statistics & History". Baseball-Reference.com. Retrieved January 2, 2015.
- Lanctot, Neil (2008). Negro League Baseball: The Rise and Ruin of a Black Institution. University of Pennsylvania Press. pp. 36–37. ISBN 0812202562. Retrieved January 2, 2015.
- Porter, David L. (ed.) (2000). Biographical Dictionary of American Sports: Q-Z. Greenwood Publishing Group. p. 1694. ISBN 0313311765.CS1 maint: extra text: authors list (link)
- "Wilson, Jud". Baseball Hall of Fame. Retrieved August 7, 2013.
- "Ernest Judson "Boojum" Wilson". Negro League Baseball Players Association. Retrieved August 7, 2013.
- "Jud Wilson". Negro Leagues Baseball Museum. Retrieved August 7, 2013.
- "Year-By-Year Inductees into Baseball Hall of Fame". Utica Observer-Dispatch. Archived from the original on August 8, 2013. Retrieved August 7, 2013.
- Sheinin, Dave (July 31, 2006). "D.C.'s 'Boojum' Gets His Day in Hall of Fame". The Washington Post. Archived from the original on March 14, 2016. Retrieved August 7, 2013.
- "Nationals Pay Tribute to Hall of Famers with Ring of Honor". Worldnow. Retrieved August 7, 2013.