Joshua ben Karha
Some believe that he was the son of Rabbi Akiva, who is referred to in the Talmud as the "kere'ah," the "bald-headed one." However, others disagree. He never mentions Akiva in his teachings, and would have done so had Akiva been his father.
Joshua was bald; and once in a dispute with a heretic who taunted him on this score, he refuted his opponent with remarkable readiness of wit.
His affection for his people is shown by the indignation with which he rebuked Eleazar b. Simeon (who had delivered the Jewish criminals over to the Romans): "You vinegar son of wine [= "degenerate scion of a noble father"], how long will you give the people of our God unto death?".
The Mishnah cites few of Ben Karha's halakhic commentaries in his name, and the few ones that are recorded, are either in context with him[clarification needed] or in conjunction with another Tannaitic sage. Thus, in another reference, the Talmud cites Karha's practice as performed on the authority of Eleazar ben Azariah, and in an additional reference, on the authority of R. Yochanan ben Nuri. Similarly, he gave his halakhic ruling along with R. Jose ben Halafta, in the matter of the construction of Jericho.
In comparison with the few halachic commentaries, many aggadah commentaries are recorded in his name.
- Rashi on Bekhorot 58a; Rashbam on Pesachim 112a
- Compare Tosafot Pesachim 112a
- Jewish Encyclopedia, JOSHUA B. ḲARḤA
- Shabbat 152a
- Bava Metziah 83b
- Megillah 28b
- "Similarly, R' Yehoshua ben Karcha would declare pure due to [the authority of] R' Eleazar ben Azariah." (Tosefta, Tractate Negaim, 7:3)
- Talmud Yerushalmi, Tractate Kil'ayim, 4:2
- Talmud Yerushalmi, Tractate Sanhedrin, 14:2