He was born in Pest, to a Jewish family. He was taught by his father and by Pierre Rode. His brother Franz Böhm (1788–1846), the maternal grandfather of the mathematician Georg Cantor, was also a well-known violinist and soloist in the Russian empire.
On 1 June 1819 he was appointed to be a professor at the Vienna Conservatory, the first violin professor there. He was professor from 1819 to 1848. His many students included Jenő Hubay, Joseph Joachim, Eduard Reményi, Heinrich Wilhelm Ernst, Jakob Dont, Georg Hellmesberger, Sr., Jakob Grün and Sigismund Bachrich.
He died in Vienna.
This article includes a list of references, but its sources remain unclear because it has insufficient inline citations. (April 2009) (Learn how and when to remove this template message)
- Modern Jews and their musical agendas, Ezra Mendelsohn, Oxford University Press, 1993, page 9
- ru: The musical encyclopedia (Музыкальная энциклопедия)