Josep Trueta i Raspall (27 October 1897 – 19 January 1977) was a Catalan surgeon and researcher.
|Born||27 October 1897|
|Died||19 January 1977 (aged 79)|
|Institutions||University of Oxford|
As a Catalan nationalist, he fled into exile to England after the Spanish Civil War, during which he had been the chief of trauma services for the main hospital in Barcelona. In 1939 a booklet of his, first published in Catalan, was published in English as Treatment of War Wounds and Fractures, with special reference to the Closed Method as used in the war in Spain, in London. His work was noted and accepted by the British RAMC, thus influencing British Army medical practice. During World War II, he helped to organize medical emergency services. His use of a new plaster cast method for the treatment of open wounds and fractures helped save a great number of lives and still more limbs, during several wars.
Trueta formed part of a group of Catalans exiled in the United Kingdom who denounced the situation of Catalonia in Francoist Spain. He wrote The Spirit of Catalonia, a book aimed at explaining Catalan history to English-speaking society.
On his retirement in 1966, he returned to Catalonia with his wife Amèlia. Both were buried (in 1977 and 1975 respectively) in Santa Cristina d'Aro.
The main hospital of Girona was named after him, as are streets in many towns across Catalonia. Every year the government of Catalonia awards Trueta medals and plaques to professionals and institutions that excel in the Catalan medical field.
- Pérez, Fariña L A (March 2008). "Studies on the kidney and the renal circulation, by Josep Trueta i Raspall (1897-1977)". Actas Urologicas Españolas. Spain. 32 (3): 276–80. doi:10.1016/s0210-4806(08)73831-2. ISSN 0210-4806. PMID 18512383.
- Fernández Vázquez, Juan Manuel (2007). "Mister Josep Trueta". Acta Ortopédica Mexicana. Mexico. 21 (3): 168–72. PMID 17937183.