José Tadeo Monagas Burgos (28 October 1784 – 18 November 1868) was the president of Venezuela 1847–1851 and 1855–1858, and a hero of the Venezuelan War of Independence.

José Tadeo Monagas
President of Venezuela
In office
1 March 1847 – 5 February 1851
Preceded byCarlos Soublette
Succeeded byJosé Gregorio Monagas
In office
20 January 1855 – 15 March 1858
Preceded byJosé Gregorio Monagas
Succeeded byPedro Gual Escandon
Personal details
Born(1784-10-28)28 October 1784
Maturín, Monagas
Died18 November 1868(1868-11-18) (aged 84)
Political partyConservative Party
Liberal Party
SpouseLuisa Oriach Ladrón de Guevara

Career edit

Presidency edit

In 1846, to head off the challenge from the Liberal Party, ex-President and kingmaker José Antonio Páez selected Monagas as Conservative candidate. Páez thought Monagas could be controlled but he gravitated toward the Liberals, and eventually dispersed the Congress. In 1848 Páez led a rebellion against Monagas but was defeated by General Santiago Mariño in the 'Battle of the Araguatos', imprisoned, and eventually exiled.[1]

As a member of the Liberal Party, he abolished capital punishment for political crimes. The Liberal Party also passed laws that abolished slavery, extended suffrage, and limited interest rates. José Tadeo Monagas also supported his brother José Gregorio for the presidency.

José Tadeo Monagas and his brother José Gregorio Monagas combined rule 1847–1858 is commonly referred to as the Monagas Dynasty or "Monagato". During José Tadeo's second term, the Monagas brothers attempted to end term limits and extend presidential terms to six-years, which instead ended with the overthrow of José Tadeo at the hands of Julián Castro and his Liberal and Conservative allies.

Personal life edit

Monagas was married to Luisa Oriach Ladrón de Guevara, who served as First Lady of Venezuela from 1847 until 1851. She was then First Lady again from 1855 until 1858.[citation needed]

See also edit

References edit

  1. ^ "José Antonio Páez, apuntes biográficos". Archived from the original on 21 April 2009.

External links edit

Political offices
Preceded by 11th President of Venezuela
1 March 1847 – 5 February 1851
Succeeded by
Preceded by 13th President of Venezuela
20 January 1855 – 15 March 1858
Succeeded by