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José María Mariano Segundo de Urvina y Viteri (19 March 1808 – 4 September 1891) was President of Ecuador from 13 July 1851 to 16 October 1856. He was born in Quillan San Migelito (Pillaro-Tungurahua) on 19 March 1808.

José María Urbina
José María Urbina0002.jpg
5th President of Ecuador
In office
6 September 1852 – 16 October 1856
Vice PresidentPacifico Chiriboga (1852-1854)
Manuel Bustamante (1854-1856)
Marcos Espinel (1856)
Preceded byHimself (as Interim President)
Succeeded byFrancisco Robles
Interim President of Ecuador
In office
17 July 1852 – 6 September 1852
Preceded byHimself (as Supreme Chief)
Succeeded byHimself (as President)
Supreme Chief of Ecuador
In office
24 July 1851 – 17 July 1852
Preceded byDiego Noboa
Succeeded byHimself (as Interim President)
Personal details
Born(1808-03-19)19 March 1808
Pillaro, Spanish Empire (now Tungurahua, Ecuador)
Died4 September 1891(1891-09-04) (aged 83)
Guayaquil, Guayas, Ecuador
Spouse(s)Teresa Jado
Stamps of Ecuador, 2014-08.jpg

Name spellingEdit

The correct spelling of his name has been cause of confusion, since his banker son Francisco Urbina Jado wrote it "Urbina" instead of the original "Urvina".

Education and careerEdit

José María Urvina pursued his primary education in the village of his birth. He then attended the Navy School in Guayaquil. He was notorious among his classmates from whom he obtained friendship and consideration.

His competence and courage in the naval combat of Punta de Mapelo rose him above other members of the group. He was the aide-camp of Juan Jose Flores. In his career he demonstrated his vocation, reaching the degree of General of the Republic.

Political lifeEdit


Political offices
Preceded by
Diego Noboa
President of Ecuador
Succeeded by
Francisco Robles