José María Guido

José María Guido (29 August 1910 – 13 June 1975) was President of Argentina, from 30 March 1962 to 12 October 1963.

José María Guido
José María Guido 3.jpg
President of Argentina
In office
29 March 1962 – 12 October 1963
Preceded byArturo Frondizi
Succeeded byArturo Umberto Illia
Provisional President of the Senate
In office
31 March 1958 – 29 March 1962
Preceded byRamón Albariño
Succeeded byEduardo Gamond
National Senator
In office
1 May 1958 – 29 March 1962
ConstituencyRío Negro
Personal details
Born
José María Guido Cibeira

(1910-08-29)29 August 1910
Buenos Aires, Argentina
Died13 June 1975(1975-06-13) (aged 64)
Buenos Aires, Argentina
Resting placeLa Recoleta Cemetery
Buenos Aires, Argentina
Nationality Argentina
Political partyRadical Civic Union
Spouse(s)Purificación Areal
Alma materNational University of La Plata
ProfessionLawyer

BiographyEdit

Guido was elected to the Argentine Senate for Río Negro Province in 1958, representing the Intransigent Radical Civic Union (UCRI). He was elected Provisional President of the Senate and became first in line to the Presidency following the resignation of Vice-President Alejandro Gómez.

PresidencyEdit

Following the provincial victory of the newly re-legalised Peronists, the military deposed President Arturo Frondizi but reluctantly allowed Guido to assume the Presidency, with the support of the Supreme Court of Argentina. Guido thus became the only civilian to take power in Argentina by military coup.

Guido directed Congress to annul the 1962 election results and suppressed the Peronist cause again. His presidency was marked by violent confrontations between rival military factions, culminating in the 1963 Argentine Navy Revolt, which Guido's government successfully suppressed. Elections were allowed to take place in 1963 which brought Arturo Umberto Illia to power.

ReferencesEdit

Political offices
Preceded by President of Argentina
1962–1963
Succeeded by