John Vaughan, 3rd Earl of Carbery

John Vaughan, 3rd Earl of Carbery KB, FRS (baptised 8 July 1639 – 12 January 1713), styled Lord Vaughan from 1643 to 1686, was a Welsh nobleman and colonial administrator who served as the governor of Jamaica between 1675 and 1678.

The Earl Carbery
Portrait by Godfrey Kneller
Governor of Jamaica
In office
MonarchCharles II
Preceded bySir Henry Morgan
Succeeded bySir Henry Morgan
7th President of the Royal Society
In office
Preceded bySamuel Pepys
Succeeded byThomas Herbert
Personal details
Born(1639-07-08)8 July 1639
Died12 January 1713(1713-01-12) (aged 73)

Life edit

He was the second son of Richard Vaughan, 2nd Earl of Carbery, and his second wife Frances (c.1621 – 9 October 1650), daughter of Sir John Altham of Oxhey, Watford, Hertfordshire. He inherited his title and the Carmarthenshire estate (Golden Grove) in 1686 on the death of his father. His elder brother Francis had already died.

He was invested as a Knight, Order of the Bath (KB) in April 1661. He was Member of Parliament (MP) for Carmarthen between 1661 and 1679 and again for Carmarthenshire between 1679 and 1689.[citation needed] He served as the governor of Jamaica from 1674 to 1678.[1] His deputy was the celebrated privateer and fellow Welshman Sir Henry Morgan. During his tenure as governor, he unsuccessfully tried to defeat the Jamaican Maroons, who were led at the time by Juan de Serras.

He had a reputation for debauchery; Samuel Pepys described him as "the lewdest fellow of the age". Edward Hyde, 1st Earl of Clarendon, whose impeachment Vaughan strongly supported, called him a man who was "as ugly in face as in fame". As governor of Jamaica, he became notorious for corruption, and was even accused of selling his servants into slavery.

He was President of the Royal Society between 1686 and 1689, having been elected a Fellow in 1685. He was Colonel of the Regiment of Foot from 1673 to 1674 and Lord of the Admiralty from 1689 to 1690.

On his death his titles became extinct. His estates passed to a cousin, another John Vaughan (1693–1765), who rebuilt the Golden Grove mansion.

Family edit

John Vaughan had two children with his second wife, Anne Savile: George and Anne (pictured).

Vaughan married twice, first to Mary Brown, daughter of George Brown of Green Castle; they had no children. He remarried on 10 October 1682 to Anne Savile, daughter of George Savile, 1st Marquess of Halifax and his first wife, Lady Dorothy Spencer. They had two children;

See also edit

References edit

  • "Vaughan, Richard (1600?-1686)" . Dictionary of National Biography. London: Smith, Elder & Co. 1885–1900.
  • Leigh Rayment's Peerage Pages [self-published source] [better source needed]
  • Leigh Rayment's Historical List of MPs

Notes edit

  1. ^ "The History and the State of Jamaica under Lord Vaughan". World Digital Library. 1678. Retrieved 19 April 2013.

External links edit

Parliament of England
Preceded by Member of Parliament for Carmarthen
Succeeded by
Preceded by Member of Parliament for Carmarthenshire
Succeeded by
Honorary titles
Preceded by Custos Rotulorum of Cardiganshire
Succeeded by
Custos Rotulorum of Carmarthenshire
Succeeded by
Preceded by Vice-Admiral of South Wales
Succeeded by
Peerage of Ireland
Preceded by Earl of Carbery
Professional and academic associations
Preceded by 7th President of the Royal Society
Succeeded by