Open main menu

John Stevens (New Jersey)

John Stevens Jr. (c. 1715 – May 10, 1792) was a prominent colonial American landowner, merchant, and politician.[1]

John Stevens Jr.
Vice-President of the New Jersey Legislative Council
In office
1776–1781
Preceded byOffice established
Succeeded byJohn Cox
Vice-President of the
New Jersey Provincial Council
In office
1770–1782
Member of the New Jersey Provincial Council
In office
1762–1770
Personal details
Born1715
Perth Amboy, Province of New Jersey, British America
DiedMay 10, 1792
Hoboken, New Jersey, U.S.
Spouse(s)
Elizabeth Alexander
(m. 1748; his death 1792)
RelationsLord Stirling (brother-in-law)
James Alexander (father-in-law)
Mary Alexander (mother-in-law)
Robert Livingston (son-in-law)
John Cox Stevens (grandson)
Robert L. Stevens (grandson)
Edwin A. Stevens (grandson)
ChildrenJohn Stevens III
Mary Stevens
ParentsJohn Stevens Sr.
Ann Campbell
OccupationLandowner, merchant, politician

Contents

Early lifeEdit

Stevens was born in 1715 at Perth Amboy in the Province of New Jersey in what was then British America.[1] He was the son of John Stevens Sr. and his wife Ann Campbell.

CareerEdit

 
New Jersey Colonial currency (1776) signed by Stevens (bottom).

With his brother Richard, he owned mercantile vessels and commanded them on voyages to Madeira and the Caribbean between 1739 and 1743. He then settled in Perth Amboy, where he was a vestryman at St. Peter's Church from 1749 to 1752. He was a large landowner in the New Jersey counties of Hunterdon, Union, and Somerset, and he owned a copper mine at Rocky Hill that was later abandoned.[2]

Colonial politicsEdit

Stevens was a member of the New Jersey General Assembly in 1751. He served as paymaster of the 1st New Jersey Regiment (the "Jersey Blues") under Colonel Peter Schuyler from 1756 to 1760. In 1758, he was appointed by the Assembly of New Jersey to serve as a commissioner to the state's Indian tribes. In 1762, he was named a member of the New Jersey Provincial Council, a position that he resigned in 1770.[2]

Stevens was a vocal opponent of the Stamp Act.[3] When the act went into effect in 1765, he was one of a committee of four (with Robert Livingston, John Cruger Jr., and Beverly Robinson) to prevent the issue of stamps in New York City.[3] In 1770, he was appointed a commissioner, along with Walter Rutherfurd, to establish the partition line between New York and New Jersey.[2]

Post-independence politicsEdit

In 1776, after the Provincial Congress had become the New Jersey Legislature under the state's first Constitution, Stevens was elected Vice-President of Council of New Jersey, holding the office of chairman of the joint meetings of the legislature until 1782, representing Hunterdon County. He was a delegate to the Continental Congress in 1784. He was president of the convention of New Jersey when the state ratified the United States Constitution on December 18, 1787.[2]

Personal lifeEdit

In 1748, he married Elizabeth Alexander (1720–1800), daughter of James Alexander (1691–1756), Surveyor General of New Jersey and New York and counsel for Peter Zenger, and Mary Spratt Alexander, a merchant in her own right. Together, they were the parents of two children:[4]

His later years were spent with his son at Hoboken, where he died in May 1792. He was buried at the Frame Meeting House in Bethlehem Township, Hunterdon County, New Jersey.[7]

DescendantsEdit

Through his son John, he was the grandfather of thirteen grandchildren, including John Cox Stevens (1785–1857), first commodore of the New York Yacht Club, Robert Livingston Stevens (1787–1856), the president of Camden and Amboy Railroad, James Alexander Stevens (1790–1873), Richard Stevens (1792–1835), Francis Bowes Stevens (1793–1812), Edwin Augustus Stevens (1795–1868), founder of Stevens Institute of Technology, Elizabeth Juliana Stevens (1797–1821), Mary Stevens (1799–1825), who was the first wife of Rear Admiral Joshua R. Sands, Harriet Stevens (1801–1844), who was the second wife of Joshua R. Sands, Esther Bowes Stevens (b. 1804), and Catherine Sophia Van Cortlandt Stevens (b. 1806).[4]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b "STEVENS, John - Biographical Information". bioguide.congress.gov. Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Retrieved December 1, 2017.
  2. ^ a b c d Rutherfurd, Livingston. Family Records and Events (1894), pp. 72–80.
  3. ^ a b Dunlap, William; Donck, Adriaen van der (1839). History of the New Netherlands, province of New York, and state of New York, to the adoption of the federal Constitution: by William Dunlap. Printed for the author by Carter & Thorp. p. 420. Retrieved December 1, 2017.
  4. ^ a b c The New York Genealogical and Biographical Record, Vol. XI. New York City: New York Genealogical and Biographical Society. 1880. Retrieved December 1, 2017.
  5. ^ Cox, Henry Miller (1912). The Cox Family in America: A History and Genealogy of the Older Branches of the Family from the Appearance of Its First Representative in this Country in 1610. pp. 223–227. Retrieved December 1, 2017.
  6. ^ Livingston, Edwin Brockholst (1910). The Livingstons of Livingston Manor: Being the History of that Branch of the Scottish House of Callendar which Settled in the English Province of New York During the Reign of Charles the Second; and Also Including an Account of Robert Livingston of Albany, "The Nephew," a Settler in the Same Province and His Principal Descendants. Knickerbocker Press. p. 557. Retrieved December 1, 2017.
  7. ^ New Jersey Archives, Vol. XX: New Jersey Colonial Documents (2005), pp. 568–9.

External linksEdit