John McNulty (journalist)
John Augustine McNulty (1895-1956) was a U.S. journalist and author. John McNulty is a major figure in the development of the genre of literary journalism.
Contribution to development of genre of literary journalismEdit
It is the University of Massachusetts Amherst’s Prof. Sims who credits Joseph Mitchell, John McNulty and other short piece writers at Harold Ross’ designedly succoring The New Yorker magazine with evolving an early 20th-century reformer news writer's practice into a separate literary genre.
In his seminal work Literary Journalism in the 20th Century, Norman Sims traces the roots of literary journalism to journalist reformers efforts to make their news reports so poignant as to compel others to undertake corrective social actions. The later genre of literary journalism, as stated by Sim’s to have been evolved by McNulty and other short piece writers at the New Yorker magazine, is no longer conflicted between unbiased fact reporting and the enhanced portrayal of social conditions for some form of advocacy but, concentrates upon such latter portrayal, while using actual events as a creative substrate. Literary journalism does, however, still demand accurate fact reporting of its practitioners. McNulty’s words are near unrivaled, at evoking in their readers’ minds, such poignant imagery, and in their readers’ hearts, such concern and affection for his very common characters.
Early life, education and careerEdit
John McNulty was born in Lawrence, Massachusetts, in 1895. John’s father died during John’s early childhood. He was raised by his mother, who operated a small store to support her family. John McNulty served to the rank of noncommissioned officer in the U.S. infantry in France during World War I. McNulty fought in several of the war’s major battles. It was sadly at the 1918 Battle of Tardenois, also known as the Second Battle of the Marne, the decisive Allied victory that lead to the Central Powers’ capitulation and the end of World War I or the war to end all wars within 100 days thereof, that the thereto unscathed John McNulty finally suffered a massive wound to his leg that left him with a severe limp for the rest of his life. No other noncommissioned officer in John’s company survived the war.
After recouping from his injury for more than a year, John attended the Columbia School of Journalism while working for the Associated Press. After graduating from Columbia University, John went to work as a reporter for the New York Post newspaper. He subsequently worked as a reporter in chronological order for the Columbus, Ohio Ohio State Journal newspaper, the New York Daily Mirror newspaper, the New York Daily News newspaper, and, then, as a staff writer at Time (magazine), before in 1937 joining his close friend James Thurber at The New Yorker magazine, where McNulty remained until his death from a heart attack in 1956.
Notoriety and LegacyEdit
The success of J. A. McNulty’s 1941 short story “Atheist Hit By A Truck” catapulted him into the national spotlight and cemented his reputation and further career path as an author rather than a journalist.
Literary works and close friendship with ThurberEdit
Many of John McNulty's stories deal with New York saloon life and its characters. McNulty was a lifelong friend, associate, and drinking companion of writer and humorist James Thurber, who McNulty had early mentored while in Ohio. McNulty wrote at The New Yorker with Thurber, Joseph Mitchell, S. J. Perelman, E. B. White and others. They met at Costello's saloon on Third Avenue in New York City as members of the "square table" (in contrast with the literary wits who met at the Algonquin Round Table). Thurber eulogized McNulty in the New Yorker and wrote a long and extraordinarily affectionate foreword to (The World of John McNulty) the earliest posthumous collection of his friend's stories. According to Thurber, The New Yorker published more than sixty pieces by McNulty.
McNulty's works have been used in graduate literature courses at Columbia, Duke and University of Pittsburgh. McNulty's stories are collected in The World of John McNulty (1957) and This Place on Third Avenue (2001).
In portion, Thurber's tribute to his early mentor and close friend McNultyEdit
“Nothing, however, commonplace, that he touched remained commonplace but, was magnified and enlivened by his intense and endless fascination with the stranger in the street, the drinker in the bar, and the bartender behind it, the horseplayer, the cab driver, the guy at the ballgame, the fellow across the room, the patient in the next hospital bed.” - James Thurber of his fellow writer and dearest friend John McNulty.
Bibliography of booksEdit
Third Avenue New York (1946) Boston, Little Brown
A Man Gets Around (1951) Boston, Little Brown
The World of John McNulty (1957) NY, Doubleday
This Place on Third Avenue (2001) Washington, D.C., Counterpoint
References & NotesEdit
- Norman Sims, Literary Journalism in the 20th Century, Northwest University Press, © 1990 Oxford University Press, Chapter 4 “Joseph Mitchell and the New York Nonfiction Writers”, pp 82-108, particularly, pp 83 and 84. In fact, as here noted, editor Norman Sim’s dedicates his own written entire chapter of the text to this theme or to quote him there the “new writers (at the New Yorker), who made enduring contributions to literary journalism: John Hersey, John McNulty, Geoffrey Hellman …”, p. 83. Sim’s also notes there that in this nascent stage, literary journalism was simply referred to popularly as the “New Yorker style”.
- See Norman Sims, Literary Journalism in the 20th Century, Northwest University Press, © 1990 Oxford University Press. At its Chapters 2 and 3, this work provides as example for this thesis the early journalistic work of Ernest Hemingway and John Steinbeck. In Steibeck’s example, which is particularly compelling of Prof. Sim’s argument, contributor William Howarth there examples the evolution of Steinbeck’s news reports, which he skewered in text and photograph to advocate for improved treatment of California’s Dust Bowl immigrants, directly to his literary masterpiece, The Grapes of Wrath. In Literary Journalism’s Chapter 3, titled “Journalism and the Grapes of Wrath”, Howarth quotes the writer John Steinbeck as stating “I want to put a tag of shame on the greedy bastards who are responsible for [neglecting the migrants] but I can do it best through newspapers.”
- Even, if the exclusive goal of the advocating, as in McNulty's case, is simply to gain the reader’s recognition of the dignity of the character(s) or socioeconomic class(es) portrayed by the author.
- Edd Applegate, Literary Journalism: a biographical dictionary of writers and editors, ©1996 Greenwood Publishing Group, Westport, Connecticut, p 173 ISBN 0-313-29949-8
- again, Edd Applegate, Literary Journalism: a biographical dictionary of writers and editors, ©1996 Greenwood Publishing Group, Westport, Connecticut, p 173 ISBN 0-313-29949-8
- Edd Applegate, Literary Journalism: a biographical dictionary of writers and editors, ©1996 Greenwood Publishing Group, Westport, Connecticut, p 174 ISBN 0-313-29949-8
- ’’The Cambridge Dictionary of American Biography’’, Cambridge, Cambridge University Press, © 1995, John S. Bowman ed., p. 491, ISBN 0-521-40258-1
- Faith McNulty
- New York Post https://nypost.com/?s=matt+mcnulty. Missing or empty
- "This Place on Third Avenue", John McNulty, Counterpoint, Washington, D.C., c.2001, foreword "John As He Was" by wife Faith McNulty, pp ix-xxxix.
- Thurber, James (4 August 1956), "John McNulty", The New Yorker, p. 80
- http://www.arts.columbia.edu/writing-program-courses-fall-2011 Archived October 8, 2011, at the Wayback Machine.
- http://www.pitt.edu/~bdobler/readingnf.html Archived March 1, 2010, at the Wayback Machine.
- The World of John McNulty, © 1957 NY Doubleday, pp 9-10.
-  This is the faculty profile for Prof. Sims, who is with the University's College of Social & Behavioral Sciences and is there noted as a leading authority on the genre of literary journalism.
- The World of John McNulty by Matthew Martin, Construction Magazine (July 13, 2012).
- John McNulty at Library of Congress Authorities, with 2 catalog records