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John McDuffie (September 25, 1883 – November 1, 1950) was a United States Representatives from Alabama and a United States District Judge of the United States District Court for the Southern District of Alabama.

John McDuffie
John McDuffie2.jpg
Judge of the United States District Court for the Southern District of Alabama
In office
February 8, 1935 – November 1, 1950
Appointed byFranklin D. Roosevelt
Preceded byRobert Tait Ervin
Succeeded byDaniel Holcombe Thomas
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Alabama's 1st district
In office
March 4, 1919 – March 2, 1935
Preceded byOscar Lee Gray
Succeeded byFrank W. Boykin
Member of the Alabama House of Representatives
In office
Personal details
John McDuffie

(1883-09-25)September 25, 1883
River Ridge, Alabama
DiedNovember 1, 1950(1950-11-01) (aged 67)
Mobile, Alabama
Resting placePine Crest Cemetery
Mobile, Alabama
Political partyDemocratic
EducationAuburn University (B.Sc.)
University of Alabama School of Law (LL.B.)

Education and careerEdit

Born on September 25, 1883, in River Ridge, Monroe County, Alabama, McDuffie was educated by private tutors. He attended college at Southern University (now Birmingham–Southern College) in Greensboro and later attended Alabama Polytechnic Institute (now Auburn University) in Auburn, Alabama, where he in graduated with a Bachelor of Science degree in 1904. McDuffie received a Bachelor of Laws from the University of Alabama School of Law in 1908.[1][2] He was admitted to the bar the same year.[3] A Democrat, he was elected to the Alabama House of Representatives in 1907 and served until 1911. He later became a prosecutor for the First Judicial Circuit Court of Alabama and served there until 1919.[1][2]

Congressional serviceEdit

McDuffie was elected to the United States House of Representatives in 1918, and served from March 4, 1919, until his resignation on March 2, 1935. During his tenure in the House he served as Minority Whip for 71st Congress, and later as Majority Whip for 72nd Congress. He also served as Chairman of the United States House Committee on Insular Affairs in 73rd and 74th Congress.[2] He co-authored the Philippine Independence Act which provided for self-government of the Philippines and for Filipino independence from the United States after a period of ten years.[citation needed]

Federal judicial serviceEdit

McDuffie was nominated by President Franklin D. Roosevelt on January 31, 1935, to a seat on the United States District Court for the Southern District of Alabama vacated by Judge Robert Tait Ervin. He was confirmed by the United States Senate on February 7, 1935, and received his commission on February 8, 1935. His service terminated on November 1, 1950, due to his death in Mobile, Alabama.[1] He was interred in Pine Crest Cemetery in Mobile.[2]


  1. ^ a b c John McDuffie at the Biographical Directory of Federal Judges, a public domain publication of the Federal Judicial Center.
  2. ^ a b c d United States Congress. "John McDuffie (id: M000427)". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress.
  3. ^ "The Political Graveyard: Index to Politicians: Mcduer to Mcfarlan".