John Le Marchant (British Army officer, born 1803)

Lieutenant General Sir John Gaspard Le Marchant GCMG KCB (1803–1874) was a British Army officer and governor of Newfoundland from 1847 to 1852. He later became the Lieutenant Governor of Nova Scotia (1852–1858) and Governor of Malta (1858-1864).


Sir John Le Marchant

SirGaspardLeMarchant,LtGovOfNovaScotia.jpg
Sir Gaspard Le Marchant, Lt. Gov of Nova Scotia
Born1803
Died6 February 1874
Pimlico, London, England
Allegiance United Kingdom
Service/branchFlag of the British Army.svg British Army
RankLieutenant General
Commands heldMadras Army
Awards
Le Marchant as Governor of Malta (1858-1864); photo by Leandro Preziosi

BiographyEdit

Le Marchant was the son of Major-General John Le Marchant and the younger brother of Sir Denis Le Marchant, 1st Baronet, and was educated at High Wycombe Royal Grammar School[1] and the Royal Military College, Sandhurst.[2]

In 1820, at the age of seventeen, he was commissioned into the 10th Foot as an ensign. In 1821 he transferred to the 57th Foot as a lieutenant and later transferred to the 98th Foot, in which he was promoted major. In 1835 he became adjutant-general of the British Auxiliary Legion in Spain with the rank of brigadier-general. He transferred to the 20th Foot in 1837, the 99th Foot as lieutenant-colonel in 1839, the 85th Foot in 1845, and the 11th Foot as colonel in 1862, holding the latter post until his death.

He was appointed as a Knight of the Order of Charles III by Isabella II, Queen of Spain in 1838, and was knighted and granted permission to use his Spanish knighthood in Britain.[3] He was also a Knight Commander of the Military Order of St Ferdinand.

In 1847 he reluctantly accepted the governorship of Newfoundland.[2] Le Marchant was opposed to the idea of responsible government and condemned local merchants of amassing wealth in the Colony and then returning to England. After the fire of 1846 funds were collected for the victims and Le Marchant, acting upon Robert Law's recommendation that no further money be given to victims, then directed funds to the repair of public buildings and construction of roads in St. John's and the outports.[2]

 
Valletta's Piazza Tesoreria as a closed orchard during the Governorship of John Le Marchant, 1858–1864; photo by Francis Frith

He then served a term as Lieutenant Governor of Nova Scotia (1852–58) and as Governor of Malta in 1858–64. While in Malta, he had some portrait photos taken of him and his daughters by Maltese photography pioneer Leandro Preziosi. He also had Valletta's then Piazza Tesoreria fenced off as a private orchard, and he had the statue of António Manoel de Vilhena moved from Fort Manoel to the centre of it in 1858. The square was reopened to the public in the 1870s.

In 1865 Le Marchant was appointed Commander-in-Chief of the Madras Army before he retired in 1868.[4]

LegacyEdit

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ The Early History and Antiquities of Wycombe by John Parker (1878, Butler & Son)
  2. ^ a b c Government House, Canada
  3. ^ London Gazette, 4 May 1838
  4. ^ Waite, P. B. (1972). "Le Marchant, Sir John Gaspard". In Hayne, David (ed.). Dictionary of Canadian Biography. Vol. X (1871–1880) (online ed.). University of Toronto Press.
Government offices
Preceded by Governor of Newfoundland
1847–1852
Succeeded by
Preceded by Lieutenant-Governor of Nova Scotia
1852–1858
Succeeded by
Preceded by Governor of Malta
1858–1864
Succeeded by
Military offices
Preceded by C-in-C, Madras Army
1865–1867
Succeeded by
Preceded by Colonel of the 11th (the North Devonshire) Regiment of Foot
1862–1874
Succeeded by
Note: The year after Sir John Harvey had stepped down as governor of Newfoundland, and until Sir John LeMarchant was appointed, the colony was administered by Robert Law, a British army officer.