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John Derby Allcroft (19 July 1822 – 29 July 1893) was an English philanthropic entrepreneur, evangelical Anglican and Conservative politician who sat in the House of Commons from 1878 to 1880.

Stokesay Castle

Allcroft was the only son of Jeremiah Macklin Allcroft, merchant of Worcester and his wife Hannah Derby, daughter of Thomas Derby and niece of William Derby.[1] His father was in partnership with glovemakers J W Dent & Co in a very successful business. Allcroft began in his father's glove business which became Dent, Allcroft & Company. Under Allcroft, annual production quadrupled to over 12,000,000 pairs in 1884 and became the premier glove producer in the world.[2] In 1867 he was able to buy the Stokesay Castle estate in Shropshire.[3] In 1865, he was elected a Fellow of the Royal Astronomical Society but contributed no papers.[4] He was a Commissioner of Lieutenancy for the City of London, Lord of the Manors of Onibury and Stokesay and patron of five livings. He was considered an eminent philanthropist, and was Treasurer and a Governor of Christ's Hospital.[5] In 1874 he purchased a smaller estate, Stone House, Worcestershire.[3] Allcroft was also Justice of the Peace for Shropshire.[5]

Allcroft stood unsuccessfully for parliament for Worcester in 1874. He was elected Member of Parliament for Worcester at a by-election in 1878 but lost the seat in the 1880 general election.[6]

Stokesay Court

Allcroft built a number of London churches, including St Matthew's, Bayswater, St Jude's Church, Kensington and St Martin's, Gospel Oak.[3] He also had a house near today's Heathrow called Harlington Lodge and was co-founder of the nearby Harlington, Harmondsworth and Cranford Cottage Hospital in 1884.[7] In 1889 Allcroft was able to begin work on his planned Stokesay Court on the Stone House estate. It was completed in 1892, six months before his death at the age of 71.[3]

Allcroft married firstly in 1854 Mary Annette Martin, daughter of Rev. Thomas Martin, and secondly on 9 August 1864, Mary Blundell, daughter of John Blundell, of Timsbury Manor, Hampshire.[5]


  1. ^ Hamilton, Polly. "Allcroft, John Derby". Oxford Dictionary of National Biography (online ed.). Oxford University Press. doi:10.1093/ref:odnb/46544.(Subscription or UK public library membership required.)
  2. ^ "Dent, Allcroft and Co". Grace's Guide. Retrieved 7 August 2017.
  3. ^ a b c d Stokesay Court History
  4. ^ Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, Vol. 54, p.193
  5. ^ a b c Williams, William Retlaw (1897). The Parliamentary History of the County of Worcester. Hereford: Jakeman and Carver. Retrieved 21 June 2017.
  6. ^ Leigh Rayment's Historical List of MPs – Constituencies beginning with "W" (part 5)
  7. ^ Harlington, Harmondsworth and Cranford Cottage Hospital, report 1885.

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Parliament of the United Kingdom
Preceded by
Alexander Clunes Sheriff
Thomas Rowley Hill
Member of Parliament for Worcester
With: Thomas Rowley Hill
Succeeded by
Aeneas John McIntyre
Thomas Rowley Hill