John Day Dam
The John Day Dam is a concrete gravity run-of-the-river dam spanning the Columbia River in the northwestern United States. The dam features a navigation lock plus fish ladders on both sides. The John Day Lock has the highest lift (110 feet) of any U.S. lock. The reservoir impounded by the dam is Lake Umatilla, and it runs 76.4 miles (123 kilometers) up the river channel to the foot of the McNary Dam. John Day Dam is part of the Columbia River Basin system of dams.
|John Day Dam|
|Location||Sherman County, Oregon / Klickitat County, Washington|
|Construction cost||US$511 million|
|Dam and spillways|
|Type of dam||Concrete gravity, run-of-the-river|
|Height||56 m (184 ft)|
|Length||2,327 m (7,635 ft)|
|Spillway type||Service, gate-controlled|
|Total capacity||2,530,000 acre⋅ft (3.12×109 m3)|
|Operator(s)||U.S. Army Corps of Engineers|
|Turbines||16 × 135 MW|
|Installed capacity||2,160 MW|
|Annual generation||8,418 GWh (2009)|
John Day Dam is located 28 miles (45 km) east of the city of The Dalles, Oregon, and just below the mouth of the John Day River. The closest town on the Washington side is Goldendale, 20 miles (32 km) north. The closest town on the Oregon side is Rufus, Oregon. Its crest elevation is approximately 570 feet (170 m) above sea level. It joins Sherman County, Oregon with Klickitat County, Washington, 216 miles (348 kilometers) upriver from the mouth of the Columbia near Astoria, Oregon.
Construction of the dam began in 1958 and was completed in 1971, making it the newest dam on the lower Columbia, at a total cost of US$511 million. The pool was filled in 1968 and a dedication ceremony was held on September 28th, 1968. John Day Dam was built and is operated by the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers. The condemnation of land upstream of the dam led to the Supreme Court case United States v. Rands, a well-known case regarding the constitutional doctrine of navigable servitude. The dam's power generation capacity is 2,480,000 kW (overload capacity). The dam underwent a major repair to the upper lock gate in 2010, as documented in the National Geographic Channel program "World's Toughest Fixes".
- Altitude: 266 feet (81 m) above sea level
- Height: 183 feet (56 m)
- Length: 7,365 feet (2,327 m)
- Navigation lock:
- 86 feet (26 m) wide
- 675 feet (206 m) long
- Sixteen 135,000 kW units
- Total capacity: 2,160 MW
- Overload capacity: 2,485 MW
- Gates: 20
- Length: 1,228 feet (374 m)
- "The Columbia River System Inside Story" (PDF). BPA.gov. pp. 14–15. Retrieved 17 July 2010.
- U.S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: Lake Umatilla
- "John Day 50th Anniversary". Northwestern Division Website.
- "FindLaw's United States Supreme Court case and opinions". Findlaw.
- "World's Toughest Fixes on NGC". Archived from the original on 2011-07-27.
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