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Sir John Phillip William Dankworth, CBE (20 September 1927 – 6 February 2010), also known as Johnny Dankworth, was an English jazz composer, saxophonist, clarinetist and writer of film scores. With his wife, jazz singer Dame Cleo Laine, he was a music educator and also served as her music director.
|Sir John Dankworth
Dankworth performing at
Buxton Opera House,
4 November 2002
|Birth name||John Phillip William Dankworth|
20 September 1927|
Woodford, Essex, England
|Died||6 February 2010
Marylebone, London, England
|Instruments||Clarinet, alto saxophone|
|Associated acts||Dame Cleo Laine|
Born in Woodford, Essex, he grew up, within a family of musicians, in Highams Park, a suburb of Chingford, and attended Selwyn Boys' (Junior) School in Highams Park and later Sir George Monoux Grammar School in Walthamstow. He had violin and piano lessons before settling eventually on the clarinet at the age of 16, after hearing a record of the Benny Goodman Quartet. Soon afterwards, inspired by Johnny Hodges, he learned to play the alto saxophone.
After studying at London's Royal Academy of Music (where his jazz interests were frowned upon) and then national service in the Royal Air Force, during which he played alto sax and clarinet for RAF Music Services, he began a career on the British jazz scene. He attended the Paris Jazz Festival in 1949 and played with Charlie Parker. Parker's comments about Dankworth led to the engagement of the young British jazz musician for a short tour of Sweden with the soprano-saxophonist Sidney Bechet. Dankworth was voted Musician of the Year in 1949.
In 1950, Dankworth formed a small group, the Dankworth Seven, as a vehicle for his writing activities as well as a showcase for several young jazz players, including himself (alto sax), Jimmy Deuchar (trumpet), Eddie Harvey (trombone), Don Rendell (tenor sax), Bill Le Sage (piano), Eric Dawson (bass) and Tony Kinsey (drums). Vocalist and percussionist Frank Holder also sang and recorded with this ensemble. After three successful years, the group was wound up, although it re-formed for several reunions over the years.
Dankworth formed his big band in 1953. The band was soon earning plaudits from the critics and was invited to the 1959 Newport Jazz Festival, the first British group to receive an invite. The New York Times critic said of this appearance "Mr. Dankworth's group ... showed the underlying merit that made big bands successful many years ago – the swinging drive, the harmonic colour and the support in depth for soloists that is possible when a disciplined, imaginatively directed band has worked together for a long time. This English group has a flowing, unforced, rhythmic drive that has virtually disappeared from American bands". More succinctly, Gerard Lascelles of The Tatler, noted that 'The Dankworth orchestra blew magnificently'. The band performed at the Birdland jazz club in New York City, and shortly afterwards shared the stage with the Duke Ellington Orchestra for a number of concerts. Dankworth's band also performed at a jazz event at New York's Lewisohn stadium where Louis Armstrong joined them for a set. By now, Cleo Laine's singing was a regular feature of Dankworth's recordings and public appearances. After her divorce from George Langridge became final, in 1957, Dankworth married Cleo in secret at Hampstead Registry Office in 1958. The only witnesses at the wedding were Johnny's friend, pianist Ken Moule, and arranger David Lindup.
In 1961, Dankworth's recording of Galt MacDermot's "African Waltz" reached the UK Singles Chart, peaked at No. 9, and remained in the chart for 21 weeks. American altoist Cannonball Adderley sought and received Dankworth's permission to record the arrangement and had a minor hit in the US as a result. The piece was also covered by many other groups. In 1967 drummer Ronnie Stephenson's part on "African Waltz" was adapted by the Jimi Hendrix Experience's Mitch Mitchell to form the basis of the drum part on "Manic Depression".
Dankworth's friendship with trumpeter Clark Terry led to Terry's being a featured soloist on Dankworth's 1964 album The Zodiac Variations, together with Bob Brookmeyer, Zoot Sims, Phil Woods, Lucky Thompson and other guests. Other Dankworth recordings during this period featured many other respected jazz names. Some were full-time members of the Dankworth band at one time or another, like Tony Coe, Mike Gibbs, Peter King, Dudley Moore, George Tyndale, Daryl Runswick, John Taylor and Kenny Wheeler, while others such as Dave Holland, John McLaughlin, Tubby Hayes and Dick Morrissey were occasional participants.
Dankworth began a second career as a composer of film and television scores (often credited as "Johnny Dankworth"). Among his best-known credits are the original themes for two British TV programmes, The Avengers (used from 1961 to 1964) and Tomorrow's World. He also wrote the scores for the films Darling (1965) and Modesty Blaise and Morgan: A Suitable Case for Treatment (both 1966). He appeared in the film All Night Long (1962) alongside Dave Brubeck and Charles Mingus – playing himself - and played on the theme to the satirical BBC show The Frost Report in 1966.
Dankworth was commissioned to write a piece for the 1967 Farnham Festival; and produced "Tom Sawyer's Saturday"; written for full orchestra and narrator: "a sort of 'Peter and the Wolf' which could be played by most reasonably competent youth orchestras".
During this active period of recording, the Dankworth band nevertheless found time for frequent live appearances and radio shows, including tours in Britain and Europe with Nat King Cole, Sarah Vaughan and Gerry Mulligan, and concerts and radio performances with Lionel Hampton and Ella Fitzgerald.
1970s and 1980sEdit
Dankworth's friendship with Duke Ellington continued until the latter's death in 1974. He recorded an album of symphonic arrangements of many Ellington tunes featuring another Ellingtonian trumpet soloist Barry Lee Hall. Dankworth also retained his Ellington links by performing with the Ellington Orchestra under the direction of Duke's son, Mercer Ellington. Dankworth recorded various symphonic albums with Dizzy Gillespie and the Rochester Philharmonic Orchestra and others. Other jazz musicians with whom Dankworth performed include George Shearing, Toots Thielemans, Benny Goodman, Herbie Hancock, Hank Jones, Tadd Dameron, Slam Stewart and Oscar Peterson.
He always had an enthusiasm for jazz education, for many years running the Allmusic summer schools at the Stables in Wavendon near Milton Keynes, a theatre that Cleo and he created (January 1970) in their back garden. From 1984 to 1986, Dankworth was professor of music at Gresham College, London, giving free public lectures.
He appeared with Craig David on Later with Jools Holland on BBC Two. He set up his own record label, Qnotes, in 2003, to reissue some of his old recordings as well as new ones. They include a number with Julian Lloyd Webber, Dudley Moore and members of his family.
Sir John remained an active composer into later life, and he wrote a jazz violin concerto for soloist Christian Garrick to play. This work had its world premiere at the Nottingham Royal Concert Hall on 3 March 2008 in partnership with the Nottingham Youth Orchestra. Sir John himself took to the stage and challenged the young players to improvise with him.
|Wikinews has related news: British jazz musician John Dankworth dies aged 82|
In October 2009 at the end of a US tour with his wife, Sir John was taken ill. The couple cancelled a number of UK concert dates for the following month. Dankworth did return to the concert stage for just one solo at the London Jazz Festival at the Royal Festival Hall, London, in December 2009. He played his sax from a wheelchair. He also played in John & Cleo's Christmas Show from 17 to 20 December 2009 at 'the Stables' in Wavendon. He died on 6 February 2010, aged 82, on the afternoon before a show celebrating the 40th anniversary of the foundation of his Stables theatre.
- The Vintage Years (1953–1959, Sepia Records, Decca)
- The Roulette Years 1961, with Danny Moss, Peter King (Roulette Records)
- What The Dickens! 1963, with Ronnie Ross, Tubby Hayes, Peter King, Bobby Wellins (Fontana) & reissued on (Dutton Vocalion)
- Zodiac Variations 1964 with Clark Terry, Bob Brookmeyer, Phil Woods, Zoot Sims, Lucky Thompson, Ronnie Scott, Danny Moss, Ronnie Ross, David Snell (Fontana) & reissued on (Dutton Vocalion)
- The Million Dollar Collection 1967, with Kenny Wheeler, Henry Lowther, Mike Gibbs, Chris Pyne Tony Roberts(Fontana) & reissued on (Dutton Vocalion)
- Windmill Tilter (composed by Kenny Wheeler) 1969, with Kenny Wheeler, John McLaughlin, Dave Holland, Tony Roberts (Fontana) & reissued on BGO Records
- Lifeline 1973, with Henry Lowther, Stan Sulzmann, Daryl Runswick (Philips) & reissued on (Dutton Vocalion)
- Moon Valley 1998, with John Horler, Malcolm Greese, Allan Ganley Audio-B, ABCD 7
- JD5 2002/2003, (Qnote QNT 10101)
- Movies 'n' Me 1974, J. Dankworth and His Orchestra, DRG Records 507
- ...Orchestra (featuring Cleo Laine), 1953–1958, EMI Records 2601871
- London to Newport 1959, Top Rank Records 30/019
- Gone Hitchin 1983, Sepia RSR 2012
- Nebuchadnezzar 1993, The Alec and John Dankworth Generation Big Band, Carlsberg 029
- About 42 Years Later, Avid Jazz, (2007) – with Danny Moss
- The Best of Johnny Dankworth, EMI, (2008)
- Three Early LP's & More (Shes The Tops/Journey into Jazz/5 Steps To Dankworth), Avid Jazz, (2008)
- Let's Slip Away: Film and TV 1960–1973, Commercial Marketing, (2009)
- Movies 'n' Me, Vocalion, (2010)
- Too Cool For The Blues, Rex, (2010)
- Britains Ambassador Of Jazz, Harkit Records, (2010)
Feature film soundtracksEdit
- 1958 : We Are the Lambeth Boys
- 1960 : The Criminal
- 1960 : Saturday Night and Sunday Morning
- 1963 : The Servant
- 1965 : Darling
- 1965 : Return from the Ashes
- 1965 : Sands of the Kalahari
- 1966 : Morgan!
- 1966 : Modesty Blaise
- 1966 : The Idol
- 1967 : Accident
- 1967 : The Last Safari (French: "Le Dernier safari")
- 1967 : Fathom
- 1968 : Salt and Pepper
- 1968 : The Other People
- 1968 : The Magus
- 1970 : The Last Grenade
- 1970 : Perfect Friday
- 1971 : 10 Rillington Place
- 1975 : The Kingfisher Caper
- 2000 : Gangster No. 1
- 2001 : Kiss Kiss (Bang Bang)
Television and radio soundtracksEdit
- 1959 : The Voodoo Factor
- 1961 : Survival
- 1961 : The Avengers
- 1964 : Rediffusion London startup theme and callsign.
- 1964 : "Beefeaters" (later used for Tony Blackburn's Radio 1 Breakfast theme)
- 1965 : Tomorrow's World
- 1979 : Telford's Change
- 1983 : Today programme (BBC Radio 4)
- 1993 : Money for Nothing (by Mike Ockrent)
- 2010 : ZingZillas
- Obituary, The Times, 8 February 2010
- Obituary, The Guardian, 7 February 2010
- Obituary, The Telegraph, 7 February 2010
- Obituary, The Independent, 9 February 2010
- Obituary, Los Angeles Times, 8 February 2010
- Dankworth Plans Trip to Newport, The Tatler, May 6, 1959
- Jazz at Two Festivals, The Tatler, September 2, 1959
- "John Dankworth vs White Defence League". 11 November 2009. Retrieved 10 February 2010.
- Roberts, David (2006). British Hit Singles & Albums (19th ed.). London: Guinness World Records Limited. p. 140. ISBN 1-904994-10-5.
- Doerschuk, Andy. "Mitch Mitchell: The Hendrix Years". Drum!. Retrieved June 21, 2017.
- John Dankworth on IMDb
- Programme Notes: Essex Youth Orchestra Charity concert in the Royal Festival Hall, 28 May 1972
- "John Dankworth". Quarternotes.com. Retrieved 3 February 2018.
- "No. 57855". The London Gazette (1st supplement). 31 December 2005. pp. 1–1.
-  Archived 2 March 2009 at the Wayback Machine.
- Stephen Graham, Jazz breaking news: Giant of British Jazz Sir John Dankworth Dies at 82, Jazzwise, 6 February 2010.
- "Jazz star Johnny Dankworth dies". BBC News. 7 February 2010. Retrieved 6 May 2010.
- "Rediffusion". Transdiffusion.org. Archived from the original on 2 March 2012. Retrieved 22 September 2014.
- "radiorewind.co.uk". Radiorewind.co.uk. Retrieved 22 September 2014.
- "Audio Identities: Radio news themes". Imagedissectors.com. Retrieved 22 September 2014.
- John Dankworth discography at Discogs
- John Dankworth on IMDb
- Portraits of Sir John Dankworth at the National Portrait Gallery, London
- Portraits of Sir John Philip William ("Johnny") Dankworth at the National Portrait Gallery, London
- on YouTube in performance with Julian Lloyd Webber
- Beethoven with a Bass Guitar? Fine!, John Fordham interviews Cleo Laine and John Dankworth in The Guardian, 15 November 2007