John Caird[a] DD LLD (1820–1898) was a Scottish theologian. He entered the Church of Scotland, of which he became one of the most eloquent preachers. He served as the Principal of the University of Glasgow from 1873 until 1898.
|Born||15 December 1820|
|Died||30 July 1898 (aged 77)|
|Office||Principal of the University of Glasgow (1873–1898)|
|Relatives||Edward Caird (brother)|
|Church||Church of Scotland|
|Alma mater||University of Glasgow|
|Influences||G. W. F. Hegel|
|School or tradition||British idealism|
|Institutions||University of Glasgow|
|Notable works||An Introduction to the Philosophy of Religion (1880)|
He was educated at Greenock Grammar School, and then attended the University of Glasgow graduating MA in 1845. He spent some time as a missionary in Ardentinny before being licensed to preach as a Church of Scotland minister by the Presbytery of Glasgow in 1845.
In September 1845 he was ordained as minister at Newton-on-Ayr, translating to Lady Yester's Church in Edinburgh in May 1847, and to Errol, Perthshire in July 1849. Caird was transferred to Park Church, Glasgow in 1857, being appointed Chaplain in Ordinary to Queen Victoria in the same year.
In 1862 he became Professor of Divinity at the University of Glasgow, and, in 1873 following the death of Thomas Barclay, became Principal of the university, a post which he then held for 26 years, until 1898.
A sermon on Religion in Common Life, preached before Queen Victoria, made him known throughout the Protestant world. He wrote An Introduction to the Philosophy of Religion (1880), and Spinoza (1888).
In 1897 he was elected an Honorary Fellow of the Royal Society of Edinburgh.
In June 1858 he married Isabella Riddle Glover, daughter of Rev Dr William Glover of Greenside. They had no children.
- Religion in Common Life (1855)
- The Fundamental Ideas of Christianity 2 vols. (1899)
- Pronounced //.
- Grrenock Post Office Directory 1820
- Fasti Ecclesiastae Scoticana vol.7 by Hew Scott
- "Caird, John, 1820–1898, Principal, University of Glasgow, Scotland". Archived from the original on 2 July 2015.
- C D Waterston; A Macmillan Shearer (July 2006). Former Fellows of The Royal Society of Edinburgh, 1783–2002: Part 1 (A–J) (PDF). Royal Society of Edinburgh. ISBN 090219884X. Archived from the original (PDF) on 24 January 2013. Retrieved 18 September 2015.
- Fasti Ecclesiastae Scoticana vol.7 by Hew Scott p.398
- Bayne 1901.
- Bayne, Thomas Wilson (1901). . In Lee, Sidney (ed.). Dictionary of National Biography (1st supplement). Vol. 1. London: Smith, Elder & Co. This article incorporates text from this source, which is in the public domain.
- Cousin, John William (1910), "Caird, John", A Short Biographical Dictionary of English Literature, London: J. M. Dent & Sons – via Wikisource This article incorporates text from this source, which is in the public domain.
- Reid, Henry Martin Beckwith (1923). The divinity professors in the University of Glasgow, 1640-1903. Glasgow: Maclehose, Jackson and Co. pp. 318–334. This article incorporates text from this source, which is in the public domain.
- This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain: Cousin, John William (1910). A Short Biographical Dictionary of English Literature. London: J. M. Dent & Sons – via Wikisource.