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Johann Hadji Argyris FRS[1] (Greek: Ιωάννης Χατζι Αργύρης; 19 August 1913 – 2 April 2004) was a Greek pioneer of computer applications in science and engineering,[2] among the creators of the finite element method (FEM), and lately Professor at the University of Stuttgart and Director of the Institute for Statics and Dynamics of Aerospace Structures.[3][4][5][6][7][8][9]

John Argyris
Born(1913-08-19)19 August 1913
Volos, Greece
Died2 April 2004(2004-04-02) (aged 90)
Stuttgart, Germany
Alma mater
Known forFinite element method
Scientific career


He was born in Volos, Greece but the family moved to Athens where he was educated in the Classical Gymnasium.

He studied civil engineering for four years in the National Technical University of Athens and then in the Technical University Munich, receiving his Engineering Diploma in 1936.


His first job was at the Gollnow company in Stettin, where he was involved among other things in high radio transmitter masts. In 1943, he joined the research department of the Royal Aeronautical Society in England. Starting from 1949 he was lecturer in aeronautical engineering at the Imperial College London of the University of London, where he assumed a chair in 1955.

In 1959, Argyris was appointed a professor at the Technical University of Stuttgart (today University of Stuttgart) and director of the Institute for Statics and Dynamics of Aerospace Structures. He created the Aeronautical and Astronautical Campus of the University of Stuttgart as focal point for applications of digital computers and electronics.

Argyris was involved in and developed to a large extent the Finite Element Method along with Ray William Clough and Olgierd Zienkiewicz after an early mathematical pre-working of Richard Courant.

Awards and honoursEdit

Argyris was awarded the Royal Aeronautical Society Silver Medal in 1971.[10]

He was elected a Fellow of the Royal Society in March 1986.[1] His nomination reads:

Personal lifeEdit

His uncle, Constantin Carathéodory, was a Greek mathematician of the Modern Era.[12] He died in Stuttgart and is buried in the Sankt Jörgens Cemetery in the city of Varberg, Sweden.


  1. ^ a b c Spalding, D. B. (2014). "John Hadji Argyris 19 August 1913 -- 2 April 2004". Biographical Memoirs of Fellows of the Royal Society. 60: 23. doi:10.1098/rsbm.2013.0003.
  2. ^ Hughes TJR, Oden JT, and Papadrakakis M (2011) John H Argyris, Memorial Tributes: National Academy of Engineering, 15, 24–31.
  3. ^ Doltsinis, I. (2004). "Obituary for John Argyris". Communications in Numerical Methods in Engineering. 20 (9): 665. doi:10.1002/cnm.709.
  4. ^ Doltsinis, I. (2004). "Obituary". International Journal for Numerical Methods in Engineering. 60 (10): 1633. doi:10.1002/nme.1131.
  5. ^ John Argyris's publications indexed by the Scopus bibliographic database. (subscription required)
  6. ^ Argyris, J. (1982). "An excursion into large rotations". Computer Methods in Applied Mechanics and Engineering. 32: 85. doi:10.1016/0045-7825(82)90069-X.
  7. ^ Argyris, J.; Fuentes, A.; Litvin, F. L. (2002). "Computerized integrated approach for design and stress analysis of spiral bevel gears". Computer Methods in Applied Mechanics and Engineering. 191 (11–12): 1057. doi:10.1016/S0045-7825(01)00316-4.
  8. ^ Argyris, J. H.; Balmer, H.; Doltsinis, J. S.; Dunne, P. C.; Haase, M.; Kleiber, M.; Malejannakis, G. A.; Mlejnek, H. -P.; Müller, M.; Scharpf, D. W. (1979). "Finite element method – the natural approach". Computer Methods in Applied Mechanics and Engineering. 17-18: 1. doi:10.1016/0045-7825(79)90083-5.
  9. ^ Argyris, J.; Tenek, L.; Olofsson, L. (1997). "TRIC: A simple but sophisticated 3-node triangular element based on 6 rigid-body and 12 straining modes for fast computational simulations of arbitrary isotropic and laminated composite shells". Computer Methods in Applied Mechanics and Engineering. 145: 11. doi:10.1016/S0045-7825(96)01233-9.
  10. ^ Medallist list published here.
  11. ^ "EC/1986/02: Argyris, John". London: The Royal Society. Archived from the original on 30 May 2014. Cite uses deprecated parameter |deadurl= (help)
  12. ^ "John H. Argyris". Archived from the original on 20 June 2012. Retrieved 21 July 2010. Cite uses deprecated parameter |deadurl= (help)