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Johannes Friessner (22 March 1892 – 26 June 1971) was a German general in the Wehrmacht of Nazi Germany during World War II. He was a recipient of the Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross with Oak Leaves of Nazi Germany.
|Born||22 March 1892|
Chemnitz, German Empire
|Died||26 June 1971 (aged 79)|
Bad Reichenhall, West Germany
|Allegiance|| German Empire |
|Commands held||XXIII Army Corps|
|Battles/wars||World War I
World War II
|Awards||Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross with Oak Leaves|
After his promotion to Generalmajor during World War II on 1 August 1940, Friessner was assigned to the Eastern Front on 1 May 1942 and placed in command of the 102nd Infantry Division. Shortly after his promotion to Generalleutnant on 1 October 1942, Friessner served as commander of the XXIII Corps from 19 January to 11 December 1943. On 1 April 1943, he was promoted General der Infanterie (General of the Infantry).
In February 1944, Friessner was transferred to the Northern Front and assigned command to Sponheimer Group (renamed army detachment "Narva" on 23 February). Promoted to Generaloberst on 1 July, Friessner briefly held command of Army Group North until 25 July before being sent to the southern front to command Army Group South Ukraine (later redesignated Army Group South). Unable to halt the four month Soviet offensive by Marshal Rodion Malinovsky's Second Ukrainian Front, Friessner was relieved of his command on 22 December. Holding no further command for the remainder of the war, Friessner lived in retirement in Bayerisch Gmain until his death on 26 June 1971.
In 1951, he was the chairman of the Verband deutscher Soldaten (Union of German Soldiers). During the early 1950s he was active in advising on the redevelopment of the West German army, the Bundeswehr. In 1956, Friessner wrote Verratene Schlachten (Betrayed Battles), a memoir of his tour of command of Army Group South Ukraine.
- Iron Cross (1914) 2nd Class (15 September 1914) & 1st Class (19 September 1916)
- Clasp to the Iron Cross (1939) 2nd Class (27 July 1942) & 1st Class (21 August 1942)
- German Cross in Gold on 9 June 1943 as General der Infanterie and commanding general of the XXXXI. Panzerkorps
- Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross with Oak Leaves
- Thomas 1997, p. 184.
- Patzwall & Scherzer 2001, p. 124.
- Fellgiebel 2000, p. 188.
- Fellgiebel 2000, p. 81.
- Fellgiebel, Walther-Peer (2000) . Die Träger des Ritterkreuzes des Eisernen Kreuzes 1939–1945 — Die Inhaber der höchsten Auszeichnung des Zweiten Weltkrieges aller Wehrmachtteile [The Bearers of the Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross 1939–1945 — The Owners of the Highest Award of the Second World War of all Wehrmacht Branches] (in German). Friedberg, Germany: Podzun-Pallas. ISBN 978-3-7909-0284-6.
- Frießner, Johannes (1956). Verratene Schlachten, die Tragödie der deutschen Wehrmacht in Rumänien [Betrayed battles, the tragedy of the Wehrmacht in Rumania] (in German). Leinen & Hamburg, Germany: Holsten-Verlag.
- Patzwall, Klaus D.; Scherzer, Veit (2001). Das Deutsche Kreuz 1941 – 1945 Geschichte und Inhaber Band II [The German Cross 1941 – 1945 History and Recipients Volume 2] (in German). Norderstedt, Germany: Verlag Klaus D. Patzwall. ISBN 978-3-931533-45-8.
- Searle, Alaric (2003). Wehrmacht Generals, West German Society, and the Debate on Rearmament, 1949–1959. Westport, CT: Praeger Publishers. ISBN 978-0-275-97968-3.
- Thomas, Franz (1997). Die Eichenlaubträger 1939–1945 Band 1: A–K [The Oak Leaves Bearers 1939–1945 Volume 1: A–K] (in German). Osnabrück, Germany: Biblio-Verlag. ISBN 978-3-7648-2299-6.
Generalmajor Werner von Räsfeld
| Commander of 102. Infantrie-Division
1 May 1942 – 19 January 1943
General Otto Hitzfeld
General der Infanterie Carl Hilpert
| Commander of XXIII. Armeekorps
January 1943 – 7 December 1943
General der Panzertruppe Hans Freiherr von Funck
General der Infanterie Otto Sponheimer (LIV. Armeekorps)
| Commander of Army Detachment Narwa
2 February 1944 - 3 July 1944
General der Infanterie Anton Grasser
Generaloberst Georg Lindemann
| Commander of Heeresgruppe Nord
4 July 1944 – 23 July 1944
Generalfeldmarschall Ferdinand Schörner
Generalfeldmarschall Erich von Manstein
| Commander of Army Group South
23 September 1944 – 28 December 1944
General der Infanterie Otto Wöhler